Descartes: The Relationship Between Mind And Brain

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Descartes distinguished between the res cogitans and the res extensa. The res cognitans talked about the soul or mind and was said to be essentially “a thing which thinks.” The res extensa was the material stuff of the body. It was characterized primarily by the fact of extension: it occupied space and was therefore amenable to measurement. In some previous years neuroscientists and cognitive psychologists have argued that this ontological separation of mind and body is no longer arguable. The former tell that mental functions can be fully explained by brain science. The res extensa make the case for a different psychological realm but one whose works, like those of computer applications, are measurable and open to scientific investigation.…show more content…
One may be able to tell that I’m in pain by by behavior, but only I can feel it directly. Similarly, we just know how something looks to us, and we can only infer. Aware mental events are private to the subject, who has a only access to them of a kind no-one has to the physical. The relationship between mind and brain has philosophical and practical implications.
Two different but closely connected surveys from the University of Edinburgh and the University of
Liege were performed to check attitudes toward the mind–brain relationship and the variables that account for differences in views. Four statements were put, each concerning to an aspect of the mind– brain relationship. The Edinburgh survey revealed a predominance of dualistic attitudes emphasizing the separateness of mind and brain. In the Liege survey, younger participants, women, and those with religious beliefs were more likely to agree that the mind and brain are different, that some quantity spiritual part of us survives death, that each of us has a soul that is separate from the body, and to ignore the physicality of mind. Religious belief was found to be the best predictor for dualistic
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Their studies imply that this easy structure might not be encapsulating the complexities of people’s understanding. Instead, it seems that people are adopting what might called a “Platonic dualism”. On such a view, the two categories of mind and body are divided up somewhat differently. The “mind” category contains one particular part of the mind, the capacity for thinking and reasoning; the body category includes both the body and a second section of the mind, the extent for extra visceral emotions and affection. So, if one centres his attention on a person’s body, one becomes synchronously less interested to characteristic to that person a capacity for abstract thought and more inclined to attribute seeking desires and feelings. A great number of arguments for dualism begin from a theory about a cognitive gap between physical truths about consciousness, and formulate an ontological gap between physical processes and consciousness. These type of arguments mainly include the conceivability argument, the knowledge argument, the explanatory-gap argument, and the property dualism argument. Such arguments are

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