Describe In Detail The Differences Between Civil Law And Criminal Law

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1. Describe in detail the differences between civil law and criminal law.

• A civil case involves a dispute between two people, or parties, on a certain issue. One party sues the other, and the jury determines liability and the amount of damages. The court may order the party found at fault to pay money to the injured party or to fulfill an obligation, such as honoring a contract.

• Criminal law considers a crime an act against society rather than an individual. Therefore, the government brings legal action against a person for committing a crime. If found guilty, the defendant may have to pay a fine, serve time in jail or prison, or be placed on probation. The law and society view jail time, or incarceration, as the loss of one 's personal freedom and thus, a more severe penalty than a monetary fine.

2. Describe the concept of equity and how it differs from law.

Equity is the name that we give to the set of rules that traditionally supplemented the common law where the application of the common law would have operated too harshly. This was done to achieve what is sometimes referred to as natural justice, or more simply speaking, fairness. In equity, no common has been violated but a party wishes to have relief.

3. Describe a current issue of business ethics (one that is not in your book). Discuss how a business might address the issue using the utilitarian approach. Discuss how a business might address the issue using the categorical imperative.

One issue of

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