However, for trials 1 and 2, the glucose concentration barely increased, possibly due to human error. (see table #2) In those first two trials, I mixed the bean solution with the water that rests on top of it, simply because I didn’t know that it would make a difference. After those two trials, I noticed that the results weren’t changing, and only then did I decide to dispose the bean water. Disposing the bean water made a dramatic difference, since the results increased drastically afterwards.
When the blood sugar level drops too low, it’s the glucagon, which maintains your health from adverse effects. Glucagon works with liver transforming a stored glucose in the liver as glycogen to glucose and put it to the bloodstream. This won’t allow the liver to absorb the excess quantity of glucose to it, instead, it stimulates the conversion of glycogen to the glucose
Alcohol causes an impairment on the vasoconstriction of the blood vessels resulting in hypotension and/or syncope. The patient could also use compression stockings to improve the blood flow thus reducing venous pooling. To reduce venous pooling, the patient could also do exercises known as PCMs like flexing hands or feet as this promotes the blood flowing. A clinical trial of patients with at least 100-200 episodes has shown that patients who use conventional therapy with PCMs have 76 syncope episodes to the patients on the conventional therapy have 142 episodes. Therefore, patients on the conventional therapy and PCMs are have reduced compared to conventional therapy alone (van Dijk et al 2006).
It usually affects older people, it is sometimes called senile even diabetes, but because of the obesity epidemic age of onset of type 2 diabetes significantly reduced. Prevent the development of type 2 diabetes is taking care to maintain a healthy body weight through proper diet and regular physical activity. Regular exercise reduces insulin resistance. The study shows that proper diet and exercise are much more effective in preventing the development of type 2 diabetes than any medication. The symptoms of type 2 diabetes develop gradually.
1. What does the color of Max 's urine tell Tracey about how concentrated or dilute it is? How does Max 's urine color/concentration compare to the urine specific gravity at the same time? Answer: Max pale yellow and yellow urine is considered normal before and after his exercise (Mammadli).
Describe how the hormones of the pancreas regulate the concentration of glucose in the blood (4 points). Insulin is used by the pancreas in response to when the body’s level of blood glucose is too high, and glucagon is inhibited. Insulin performs the job of taking glucose into the liver and helps store glucose as glycogen within the body. When the blood glucose level of the body gets to low the body will inhibit the secretion of insulin, so that glucagon can do its job.
o Discuss biochemical/molecular biological/physiological basis of the disease Hyperlipidemia can either be genetically inherited or caused by lifestyle habits such as obesity, unhealthy diet, and it certainly is more common in the elderly. Even though patients with this condition have no symptoms, homeostatic changes in the body such as both levels of triglycerol and cholesterol are elevated in the blood stream. The primary source of cholesterol is not from diet, but from liver synthesis. LDL receptors are important in maintaining LDL levels, also known as “bad” cholesterol.
The purpose of homeostasis is the maintaining of an equilibrium (balance) inside the body. In other words it is how the human body responds to it’s environment. It is a constant process occurring in our bodies, for example when we eat, drink or exercise our body composition, which refers to the percentages of fat, bone and water in the body, and how they remain exactly the same. The key components of the homeostatic system are the receptor/ sensor, control centre, variable and the effector.
It is essential that I understand them fully and manage the changes for my team essential easing the transition so I doesn’t impact on the young people I we care for. As a manager I need to be able to accept the change and see it as an opportunity to learn and develop alongside my staff team. The reason for the changes with health and social care provision is multi agency driven and some are difficult to achieve. These reasons range from financial factors, social awareness, clinical development and operational and environmental policies.
The adrenals are known for making the hormone adrenaline but also, they make the corticosteroids which affect your metabolism and sexual function. The pancreas is part of the the digestive system and the endocrine system. It makes the hormones insulin and glucagon. These help ensure you have the right amount of sugar in your bloodstream and your cells. If you don 't make any insulin, which is the case for people with type one diabetes, your blood sugar levels can get dangerously high and if the body makes some insulin but not enough, that is type two diabetes.
Thiazide diuretics lower blood pressure by decreasing fluid volume. They inhibit sodium reabsorption which causes increased urination. Increased urination causes a decrease in fluid volume and therefore lowers blood pressure. Another class of anti-hypertensives is beta-adrenergic blockers, also known as beta blockers. Beta blockers work by blocking beta receptors is the heart.
Dopamine acts on B1 receptor in renal by increasing perfusion of blood to kidney due to vasodilation of renal vessel and able to maintain kidney function. Dopamine also has lower tendency than noradrenaline and adrenaline to cause vasoconstriction of cutaneous, renal and possibly other vessels. Dopamine also activates both dopaminergic and adrenergic receptors depending on its concentrations. It has dose dependent effect. At low concentration, dopamine cause dilation of renal, mesenteric and coronary vessels that increased blood flow to these tissue.
When taking beta blockers they block B1 and B2 receptors therefore the effects of norepinephrine and epinephrine. By blocking these neurotransmitter effects, beta blockers reduce heart rate, decrease blood pressure, and help blood vessels open up to improve blood flow. (Ogbru & Mark, 2015) This class of medications are important because they the most commonly used medications for cardiovascular diseases. Some of the common diseases that beta blockers treat are angina, heart failure, high blood pressure, atrial fibrillation, and myocardial
Many people with type 2 diabetes have no symptoms or do not find out they have type 2 diabetes until they have health related problems, such as blurred vision or heart trouble. Athletes with type 1 diabetes have needs that differ from other athletes that must be met for success and to maintain safety in their chosen sports. These athletes are different from other athletes because they require insulin to be injected, due to their pancreas not producing it. It is important that the athlete with type 1 diabetes use enough insulin to match the amount of carbohydrate foods they have consumed. They also have to account for the amount of energy they will require during exercise and
When the calcium level in the blood is scarce, the cells of the parathyroids sense this and produce additional parathyroid hormone. When the parathyroid hormone is freed into the blood, it flows to act in a number of places in order to enlarge the amount of calcium in the blood. When the calcium level in the blood is too excessive, the cells of the parathyroids produce less parathyroid hormone or stop completely, which allows the calcium levels to