Describe the “New Immigration”, and explain how it differed from the “Old Immigration” and why it aroused opposition from many Native-Born Americans. Antiforeignism was not a new concept in America in the 1880s. It had begun in the 1840s when the first large influx of immigrants emigrated to America, predominantly from Ireland and Germany. The American, or “Know Nothing”, political party was created specifically for the sake of excluding and barring the newcomers from equal opportunities, especially with the case of the Irish in the northeast. Fast forward forty years later and the Irish and the German have become common place amongst the native born Americans and the new wave of immigrants emerges. Hailing from southern and eastern Europe, the Americans were unused to seeing people with such unfamiliar looks and customs, which spawned dislike and disgust. The Old Immigration involved immigrants leaving English speaking countries like the British Isles or countries that had Protestantism dominating their religion, like Germany. Old Immigrants tended to have the familiar Anglo-Saxon appearance and …show more content…
While settlement houses did emerge to facilitate the assimilation of immigrants into the American culture, it was not able to occur immediately, miraculously, or for all people. The Catholic, Orthodox, and Jewish religions were not welcome amongst the mainly Protestant Americans, and some Americans went so far as to form the American Protective Association, which advocated against the election of Catholics into Congress. There was also the issue that the New Immigrants came from different governmental backgrounds where democracy was a foreign or even unheard of concept. Immigrants did not only bring their baggage across the ocean, but also ideas of socialism and anarchy that greatly worried the
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
When the outsiders made the journey to Ellis Island, they were expecting the United States to be a safe haven compared to the turmoil that sliced Europe into the Allies and Central Powers; instead, they were thrust into the tumultuous culture of the States during the war. Immigrants had to figure out how to make the shift from supporting radical ideals to living in a democratic country. Even then, they also needed jobs. It was not uncommon for the only available jobs for these migrants were those that would require them to be berated for being “scabs.” The increase in working radical foreigners (Document C) paired with the radical ideals they brought from their home countries made it rather difficult for them to blend in with American lifestyles.
From 1880 to 1925, an era deemed New immigration, vast numbers of foreigners sought better lives as Americans. However, rather than a welcoming embrace, the expanding populations of immigrants were confronted with growing disdain of immigration. Many Americans assumed immigrants came to America as the poorest and most vagrant people of their country. Thus, many worried that immigrants would pollute America’s genetic stock and become financial burdens to the country. In response to growing anti-immigrant sentiment, Nativists demanded that America belong to “natives” and advocated restrictions on immigration to keep jobs for real Americans.
Throughout time diverse regions have considered other societies to be barbaric, causing them to have the desire of “civilizing” them. Likewise, During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the American nativist groups, possessed a similar perspective towards immigration. Nativist’s opposed immigration, as they believed that it would negatively impact the United States socially, morally, politically, and economically. Socially and morally, the nativists feared that foreigners were a threat to the American society, as they were culturally inferior, possessed many ailments, and committed crimes. Politically, the ethnocentric nativists believed that immigrants would corrupt the government and negatively influence American politics.
U.S. development gave more chances to numerous individuals who wanted to make a difference in their lives. Many groups across the world traveled to America, and helped build up what many people in the U.S. see today. Two certain groups that will be discussed all through this paper are individuals from Mexico and the Scotch-Irish. Each of the inspiring groups has motives to leave their country for changes that could affect how they live forever. Different points will also be talked about between the two incoming immigrant states as they experience many obstacles coming and being in America.
Americans considered immigrants as outcasts,
The United States was a growing, prosperous nation in the 1800’s. They were the shining example of democracy and freedom for citizens. As people watched the US grow, they wanted to be a part of a great country. Immigrants flooded in from everywhere around the world to become American citizens as shown in Document A where the US was compared to Noah’s ark and shows immigrants escaping taxes, kings and opression. The American citizens began to express frustration with the overwhelming amount of immigrants coming to the United States.
Immigration into the “land of opportunity” was everything but a smooth, trouble-free journey for those escaping the terror, poverty and political persecution in their crumbling countries. The wave of immigrants was at its peak during the breakouts of economic depressions (Document A). The new flow of immigration doubled the American population, especially in major cities. Chasing after the American Dream, many Europeans were attracted by the employment openings and new chances they could obtain in America. However, despite their life being better than before, these immigrants still faced many obstacles and cultural conflicts trying to fit in and thrive in American culture.
A hatred for immigrants caused nativism to spread throughout the nation. Immigrants who believed in socialism were deported, without trials and some thought, against the ideas of liberty the U.S. stood for (Doc 9). Some immigrants faced accusations that led to jail and even execution
Many native born Americans felt threatened by the changes that these immigrants brought with them, including different languages, customs and religions. Nativist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan, gained popularity during this time and advocated for strict immigration laws and white supremacy. On the other hand immigrants faced a number of challenges including discrimination poverty and limited opportunities. Many immigrants were forced to work in low paying jobs and lived in crowded unsafe conditions. Despite these challenges immigrants also brought with them a rich cultural heritage that helped to shape American
The Second Industrial Revolution presented many hardships to immigrants looking for a better life in America. In his book, The Uprooted, Oscar Handlin makes the case for immigrants enduring the hardships adjusting to the American culture and economy. His argument is supported by specific statistics and events that damaged these people. These newcomers’ ideas, beliefs, and cultures were affected as well. Immigrants faced with American culture and commerce had to adjust their own in order to survive.
During this period, Americans believed in what was eventually called "Manifest Destiny." The idea that it was the destiny of American citizens to settle and annex all the land in its territories between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. This led to the settlement of lands previously protected under treaties. The outright breaking of treaties, and the forced relocation of trials. Several 'plans wars ' were also fought by the U.S. military.
This period was described as [one] whose Constitution is so perfect that no man suggests change and whose fundamental laws as they stand are satisfactory to all..” However, while both Native Americans and European immigrants theoretically experienced similar rights to those of citizens and were granted citizenship/naturalization in the early twentieth century, both groups lived in crude and unsatisfactory conditions in the 19th century; it would be inaccurate to describe their situation as “satisfactory” at all. During the 19th century, Native Americans lived unsatisfactory lives due to forced assimilation and the dissolution of their identities and sovereignty. At the beginning of the 19th century, Native Americans and Americans had gotten into a series of conflicts as a result of American migration to the west, the lands that the Native Americans
Immigrants wanted religious freedom, economic security, land ownership, and education and social advancement. Everyone wanted the American Dream. The American party was against Catholics and Eastern Europeans, so immigration slowed down and people did not feel
Immigrants, fleeing their homeland to escape oppression for religion or to find better opportunities for employment, were drawn to the booming American land of industrialization and urbanization. Old immigrants from Western Europe entered the country prominently in the 1880’s. But from the 1890’s to the outbreak of World War I, New Immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe flooded the country. These immigrants, bringing with them lesser-practiced customs and religions that could shape the culture of America, mainly congregated with people of similar nationalities in ethnic neighborhoods in the growing cities, thus limiting their assimilation into American society. Another factor limiting the influence of immigration on America was the resistance of the “native” Americans to the New Immigrants.
A little information on new and old immigrants: Old immigrants came from Northern and Western Europe, were protestant and were literate and skilled. Your new immigrant gives you information that they came from Southern and Eastern Europe they were not protestant, they were catholic and Jewish, and were also illiterate and unskilled. Although new immigrants during 1890 to 1914 came in much larger number than old immigrants. Mostly Southern and Eastern Europeans like Italy