Describe The Role Of Situational And Conceuational Factors In Explaining Behavior

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Describe the role of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behavior
The roles of situational and dispositional factors in explaining behavior could be explained using the attribution theory where attribution is the process of interpreting and explaining behavior and how people try to use these factors to do this . Situational factors refer to external influences such as who you surround yourself with, social norms, the situation and the weather while dispositional factors are about internal factors such as your personality, attitude and beliefs .
In explaining behavior these factors can either be combined as one explanation or used separately to determine the cause of one’s actions. For example, one study testing the situational role in affecting behavior was done by Philip Zimbardo (1971) in the Stanford Prison Experiment where 22 males were selected depending on their social skills and mental health and were randomly distributed into groups of either prisoners or wardens. The prisoners were given a form to sign that their human rights would be revoked for the duration of the experiment and that they would receive $15 a day for two weeks as payment. They were arrested unexpectedly at their houses and taken to a set of a prison unknowingly of the location, changed into prison uniforms and followed a strict schedule of work, meal and rest for 24h a day. The wardens on the other hand worked 8h a day and were changed into proper uniforms with the directions of

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