History of Chocolate Chocolate may be known as the “food of the gods,” but for the majority of its 4,00-year old history, it was consumed as a bitter and frothy drink rather than as a sweet edible treat. Anthropologists have found evidence that chocolate has been being made by people living in present-day Mexico as early as 1900 B.C! The ancient Mesoamericans who first cultivated the cacao bean found in the rainforests of Central America fermented, roasted and ground them into a smooth paste that they mixed with ingredients such as water, vanilla, honey, chili peppers and other spices to brew a chocolate drink. Olmec, Mayan and Aztec civilizations found this chocolate beverage to energize and to enhance their mood, which led them to believe that it possessed mysterious and magical qualities. The Mayans worshipped a god of cacao, Ek-Chuah, and reserved chocolate for aristocrats such as rulers, warriors, priests, and nobles at sacred ceremonies.
The roster makes the cacao bean cracked, they remove the outer shells, and keep the crushed and broken pieces of cocoa bean, called nibs. After that the manufacturer start to crush the nibs and ground it into chocolate liquor. The mass cacao and known also as chocolate liquor, produce two products: cocoa powder and cocoa butter. The mass cocoa mixed with various raw ingredient to format the paste. After that they put the mixed ingredient in the machine which stirs and smooth the mixture under the heat, and that heated mix is what we called chocolate.
Throughout the continent tribal cultures developed, hundreds of them, either being hunter gatherer groups like the nomads or more like farming groups, and developed distinct systems of trade, religion, and politics. When Europeans had first appeared some groups had ran away from them while others decided to make fruitful trade with them. In 500 C.E. was the beginning of the Trans Saharan trade which allowed the Sudan people to construct a series of empires and city states, and soon Bantu speaking people started to spread creating a wide variety of distinct societies and
So soon after the growing and farming of sugar became an easy task for humans, people like John Pemberton, the creator of the sugar filled drink Coca Cola™, discovered ways to make sugar into much more of a developed food such as candy, which can be traced back almost as far as 2,000 BC to the era of Ancient Egypt (Candy History). In addition to food, sugar was also used as an ingredient within drinks. Sugar was also used as an essential ingredient for much more filling foods than candy such as sugar cookies, which can be traced back to the 1700s in Pennsylvania. The candy and sugar cookies and the sucrose it contains, were eventually used for religious purposes such as egyptian candy being used to worship their gods and goddesses, and sugar cookies being left out for Santa Claus for the Christian holiday of Christmas (Candy History). Sugar not only revolutionized eating and drinking, but also helped start and spark inspiration towards religious services and traditions.
By 4000 BCE, the Olmecs had a staple crop of maize, and agricultural cities began springing up by 3000 BCE. The towns/villages were built in an area of abundant rain, and the Olmecs were also able to construct elaborate drainage systems. As a result of agriculture cities along this area began to grow. As noted earlier in what a complex society is, once the basic needs of a society have been met, specialization begins to start. These were the building blocks of the next society, the city of Teotihuacan.
In the other hand, the Mayan civilization developed in Yucatan Peninsula around 200 B.C., and mysterious disappeared around 900 A.D. However, these two cultures share many factors in common such as developing calendars and building pyramids. Even though civilizations developed in different time periods, they can still have many factors in common such as environment, language, and architecture. Although the two civilizations flourished in different parts of the world, their environment shared some common features. As noted before, the Mayans thrived in the Yucatan peninsula, which is made up of jungles and lowlands.
The Aztecs invented chewing gum, when they found that the thick, milky liquid of the sapodilla tree could be chewed and hardened into gum. They were also responsible for extracting the sap from the cacao bean to make a chocolate drink. Along with the Inca, the Aztecs were advanced in medicine, and they created Anti spasmodic medication from the passionflower to relax muscles in preparation for surgery. The Aztecs were one of the first to introduce compulsory education for children. They also developed many tools and weapons, including drills made from reeds and bones, and the macuahuitl, which was a wooden club with sharp pieces of volcanic glass used to disable
Granite, Basalt and Alabaster were usually transported from Southern Egypt so as to build the pyramids. 8. Ancient Pyramids in Bosnia The Pyramid of the Moon is found in Bosnia. It is believed to be the world’s oldest and largest step pyramid. Visocica Hill was discovered in Visoko by Semir Osmanagic.
Cadbury was originally founded by John Cadbury where he started a stall at Birmingham in 1824. John Cadbury retailed handmade cocoa and drinking chocolate which were produced by using a pestle and a mortar. As tea, caffeine, cocoa and drinking chocolate were deemed beneficial when compared to alcohol, John Cadbury was certain on establishing the production of his company on a viable scale and John Cadbury purchased a four-story warehouse for his production to take place. As a result, John Cadbury has successfully produced more than 10 assortments of drinking chocolate and 11 different cocoas by 1842. In 1861, the business was completely handed down to both his sons, Richard and George as John’s wellbeing was deteriorating at a fast rate.
The Maya was thought of to be one among the best ancient Native American civilizations within the Americas, and probably the planet. Archaeologists discovered and dug up and studied several of the civilization sites trace the Mayas to thousands of years ago. Their ancestors migrated from Asia across the Bering Sea and Alaska to the Americas and also the Yucatan Peninsula throughout the last ice age. Early Mayan settlements originate to 2400 B.C.. They engineered huge stone pyramids and temples to honor their gods and preserve their faith.
Differences Between the Regions In the fifteenth century, native civilizations flourished. Two thousand years ' worth of knowledge, astronomy, agricultural, arts and mathematics sprouted. In result, the people who created this knowledge were the Mayans. The art is formed into paintings, sculptures, the showing in their rituals, gods and rulers. In the Mesoamerica, South, and North American arts are all influenced by the Mayans.
Throughout central and southeastern Europe, there was a culture that was called Thracian and from that culture a red-figure vessel was dated to 450-440 B.C. In Peru from the culture of the Moche, both a mask and a mummy were found with tattoos. The mask came from A.D. 100-300 and the mummy came from A.D. 450-500. A western shaft tomb in Mexico held hollow ceramic figurines which have been dated from 100 B.C.-A.D.400. The United States also holds their own in the history behind tattoos.
As explained in History online by the A&E Network, the earliest Maya settlements date to around 1800 B.C. It was not until about 300 B.C. that the Mayas began to expand into the highlands and lowland regions (History.com Staff, 2009). The American Indian Heritage Foundation describes that the highlands of the South
They are called the rubber people because of the rubbers trees that are in the region that they lived in. Olmec culture traditions influenced all of the complexes of the Mesoamerican society until the sixth century B.C.E., when the Europeans arrived. San Lorenzo was the home to the first ceremonial center, which arose around 1200 B.C.E. and served as the capital for approximately 400 years. After San Lorenzo, influences were passed on to La Venta (800-400 B.C.E.)