The Criminal Justice System The United States of America’s criminal justice system has many factors. It is not just one large system, rather a bunch of individual agencies that all share a similar purpose. The criminal justice system’s job and goal is to control crime and issue punishments on those who break the law. The criminal justice system in the US is split into two domains. The state which handles crimes within their specific state, and the Federal which handles crime on federal issues or crimes that occur in more than one state.
The Legislative branch is a bicameral Congress that consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. In this branch of the government they approve treaties, make federal law, declare war, remove members of the government, has the power of impeachment, and the power to pursue. The Executive branch has the
If the criminal process’s disciplinary is effective to prevent crime. The crime control theory would result in the state official is likely to violate the freedom of the people easily. The state official is authorized to use the extensive compulsory legal in order to effectively prevent crime. The result is that the court does not agree to hear evidence obtained illegally that will not appear at all or are very sparse. The court will hold the value of the evidence rather than to relinquish valuable witness.
There a three Types of law the Texas justice system is involved in which is, civil law, criminal law, and administrative law. Civil law is a dispute between two or more parties, criminal law is crimes against the state, and lastly administrative law is, enforcing rules and regulations by government agencies other than the legislature. According to the Texas criminal justice system it has key objectives which is discover the truth, provide for the public safety, assist victims of crime, punish the guilty, and promote positive change in offender behavior. An overview of the Texas criminal justice systems process is if a crime is reported or investigation there is either a warrant issues, or by probable cause, and lastly by observation of crime. Those three things can lead to arrest, and in the arraignment it can lead to trail, or guilty plea.
The Eighth Amendment protects criminals from punishments. These amendments might give the civil rights to criminal suspects a reason to escape from charges or excuse for a crime from the police. The Supreme Court rulings
The Process of the Criminal Justice System There is an order to the process of criminal justice. According to the Center for Victims of Crime (NCVC) (2012), the criminal judicial system is composed of law enforcement agencies, prosecutors, defense attorneys, the court system, and corrections. Law enforcement officers investigate crimes. Once law enforcement officers have conducted their investigations and have arrested the person they believe is the person that committed the crime, the process moves to the prosecution. A prosecutor gets assigned to the case, and the prosecutor 's office has the task of presenting evidence proving the guilt of the person arrested.
The House of Representatives and Senate are the main parts of the Legislative Branch. Members of the House and the Senate are elected directly by the people. Article I of the Constitution provided all of the framework for the bicameral legislature. The House of Representatives has four hundred-thirty-five members, however, the Senate has one hundred members, or two from each state. The person in line after the Vice President to become President is the Speaker of the House.
Article II of the U.S. Constitution vests the executive power of the United States in the president and charges him with the execution of federal law, alongside the responsibility of appointing federal executive, diplomatic, regulatory, and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers, with the advice and consent of the Senate. The president is further empowered to grant federal pardons and reprieves, and to convene and adjourn either or both houses of Congress under extraordinary circumstances.
Explained below are two of the most enduring models which offer explanations as to how agencies and policies may be shaped and they can usefully be viewed as opposite ends of a continuum since they present contrasting rationale and characteristics - the Crime Control and DueProcess models. (Packer, 1964) Crime control and due process models not only exist within certain periods of history, but they can also exist by actual practice in a criminal courtroom, through the philosophical approach based on the type of case. Before beginning assessment of the criminal justice system, it is important to comprehend how overall cases are completed through the criminal justice process of arrest, probable cause, arraignment, trial, and
The Unwanted Heroes Whenever someone is in a dangerous situation, sees a crime committed, or a kidnapping happens, the American Law Enforcement is immediately involved or contacted. According to an article on Law Enforcement, Law Enforcement is a government’s means for maintaining law and order, and for providing safety to the citizens. Police, although they are not wanted or liked by most citizens, are necessary for stopping people from doing illegal jobs. They provide safety by putting people, who break the law, in jail or giving them a fine. Law Enforcement is a specific group of people trained to enforce legislative and penal laws, which are meant for keeping order, and providing safety for citizens and property.
Three Branches of Government The legislative branch can check governing parties and override presidential vetoes with a two thirds vote, investigate the executive branch, ratify treaties, and the ability to impeach. The legislative branch has full control over the executive branches spending and funding. The Senate has the ability to approve presidential appointments and approve treaties. The legislative branch checks the judicial branch by creating lower courts, the ability to impeach judges, and the Senate appoints all judges. The Speaker of the House is a very powerful position coming right after the Vice President in line to be the president.
The president’s constitutional powers are listed in Article II. The president is the Chief Executive of the United States. He is in charge of executing all laws. The president is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. He appoints ambassadors, federal judges, cabinet members, and officers in the armed forces.
Where there are numerous accounts of a prosecutor’s duty in the Criminal Justice system. From the cooperation from law enforcement to the recommendation of sentences to courts upon conviction, and most importantly, representing the government in every aspect. However, there are times when power takes over a prosecutor conducting misconducts that are going against the criminal law that a prosecutor has lawfully Oath to protect the civil rights of those criminal defendants. Hence, it has been seen in many accounts of court cases that prosecutor’s misconduct upon
As the Chief executive, the President is vested by the Constitution with broad executive powers. As chief administrator, the President is in charge of the executive branch of the federal government and so on and so forth. George Washington and
Congress, as one of the three coequal branches of government, is ascribed significant powers by the Constitution. All legislative power in the government is vested in Congress, meaning that it is the only part of the government that can make new laws or change existing laws. The President may veto bills Congress passes, but Congress may also override a veto by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House of Representatives. Part of Congress 's exercise of legislative authority is the establishment of an annual budget for the government. To this end, Congress levies taxes and tariffs to provide funding for essential government services.