Head first in the jaws of the middle face of Lucifer is Judas Iscariot because he betrayed Christ. Although Lucifer was punishing other sinners, ever chomp he made was a literal stab in the back, leaving his skin raw and torn. Taking the first place spot is Lucifer’s contrapasso. He is stuck in a frozen river to show he is cold-hearted like the various souls Dante came across in the beginning of Judecca. He once was beautiful, but is now ugly due to his betrayal with Christ.
There are several things in each circle that prove the theme of divine retribution. Some examples would include the Second Circle (Lust), the Third Circle (Gluttony), the Fifth Circle (Anger), the Seventh Circle (Violence), and the Eighth Circle (Fraud). Dante attempts to punish people in hell according to the sins they committed on Earth. While reading Dante’s Inferno readers must understand that none of the sinners are innocent. “By this way no good spirit ever passes” (“Commedia: Inferno”).
Pope Boniface VIII is known have been one of the most controversial and corrupt popes in history, so understandably “to Dante he became the symbol of the grossest corruption and was the object of the poet’s unrelenting and ferocious scorn” (Horne 280). By placing a Pope, and implicitly suggesting to place another, among the simonists, Dante is condemning the Catholic Church for their manipulation, and “greed for wealth and power” (Horne
In Dante’s Inferno, the 9 levels of hell are separated depending on the 7 deadly sins that people have committed. The crime always fits the punishment the sinners receive. For example, when dante walks through the second circle where the lustfuls are being tormented by powerful winds. As found in Canto 5, the sinners who are punished by black howling tempest wind because in their lives they sinned of lust (Lines 88-90). They are punished by this because they can’t control nothing.
The real crimes are the ones where you get to know your victim, ones with malicious intent towards a certain person and no matter what you do you will stop at nothing to debase that person's life. Crimes that take planning and deceit are what will land you deep deep down into the chasms of the underworld. As Dante and Virgil descend into the eighth ring of hell, it is noticed that this ring is peculiarly large in comparison to the previous circles, “There is in hell a vast and sloping ground called Malebolge, a lost place of stone as black as the great cliff that seals it round”. (Alighieri 144) The Malebolge is, by it's Italian meaning, an evil pouch. The expanse of sinners in this ring was so large that Dante could only describe the segmented ring of hell as smaller rings where about half of the poem is spent.
In the very depths of Hell in the center of the earth the holy number is still present, in the bottomless pit of circle nine Satan locked up as a prisoner. Satan, as depicted by Dante, has three heads and in each mouth is forever tearing apart those that Dante presents as the worst to have lived. There is a sinner for each mouth, those that sinned against the things Dante holds most dear. Judas is the middle, for betraying Jesus, Brutus and Cassius on either side for plotting to kill Caesar; those that sinned against the pillars of Christianity and Rome. Circle Seven Round three, the desert is split into three parts.
He starts out feeling pity for the souls, and as he makes his journey down into the levels of hell, he starts to realize that the acts the people committed are sinful and they deserve the punishments they receive. On his journey, he meets people and listens to their stories and how they received their punishments. Dante shows the punishment of the sinners by use of analogy and antithesis. This is shown in canto five through lush between a couple, in canto thirteen through violence against oneself, and in canto twenty- three through fraudulence between hypocrites. Dante shows the punishment of the sinners by use of antithesis in canto five through lust between a couple.
Dante believed the most serious sins and acts of man dealt with fraud and betrayal. He reasoned that these sinners deserved the most crucial punishments Hell must offer. Therefore, the sinners in the deeper parts of Hell, sent to circles seven and eight, included those who caused religious conflict in
In the poem “Punishment,” the speaker addresses this poem by comparing the brutal punishment that he rejects with such abhorrence to the crimes of the IRA against British sympathizers in Ulster. He relates the powerful, difficult emotions of injustice with the sense of brutality created by the conflict of The Troubles (Heaney 1153). In the story “A Good Man is Hard to Find,” by Flannery O’Connor we can represent the second particular about unjust punishment. Whether or not the Misfit seeks justice is questionable. He kills because he figures that he was unjustly punished, so he may as well be mean since he has already served time in prison for the crimes.