Descriptive Cross Sectional Study Sample

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MATERIAL AND METHOD
Study Design
A descriptive cross- sectional study was conducted. Convenience sampling technique was used for this study.
Study setting
I conducted this study in Ali Raza Abad, Lahore. This community was chosen because it is rural area of Punjab, Pakistan and I need rural population for this study.
Inclusion Criteria Married and fertile people were the part of this study
Exclusion Criteria Unmarried and infertile people were not the part of my study
Sample Size
Slovin’s formula was used to calculate sample size from the population. (Ellen, 2012). Sample size was determined by using this formula. n = N 1+ (N) (E) 2

Desired sample size= n=? Population= N =250
Margin of error= E= 0.05 (with confidence interval 95%) n= 250 1+ (250) (0.0025)
= 250 1+ 0.625
= 250 1.625
= 154
A sample size of 154 was calculated with a confidence interval of 95% and precision of 5%.
Research Tool
Questionnaire
Data Collection Method
The study was based on an interview questionnaire. The questionnaire was initially designed by
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Three options were given, yes, no and don’t know. 60.4% participants know that irregular menses is a cause of infertility, 12.3% labeled it as no and 27.3% don’t know about this. Only 34.4% people know that blocked fallopian tubes can cause infertility, 18.2% answer it no and 47.4 don’t know about this. Only 40% people know that infection of genital tract in males and females can lead to infertility. Only 30% correctly answer that smoking can cause infertility 53.2% answer it no and 16.9% don’t know about this. 13% participants think that vigorous exercise can lead to infertility. 42.9% think that psychological stress can lead to infertility, 37.7% answer it no and 19.5% don’t know about it. 59.7% said that obesity can be a reason for infertility. 77.9% people said that marriage at advance age can be a reason for

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