The American Revolution on saratoga refers to the period in history in which the Thirteen Colonies that became the United States of America gained independence from the British Empire. There were many battles and tactics against the British that were needed in order to obtain independence from them, including: The battle of Lexington, Bunker Hill, Saratoga, etc. Ultimately, the Americans succeeded in gaining Independence and winning the war. However, victory seemed out of reach for the Americans during the war; the Americans had fewer soldiers and weapons while the British had the most formidable army in the world at the time and flourished in soldiers and weaponry. There are significant reasons why the British lost the war despite having the upper hand in terms of weaponry and soldiers. Some of these include: the British fighting on American land, General Howe’s lack of judgment, and the surrender of Lord Cornwallis and his soldiers.
1776 by David McCullough is published by Simon and Schuster. In 1776 David McCullough perfectly illustrates how the American army was always on the edge of defeat during the year of 1776. The story was limited to only one year with little background information; this causes confusion. Those who do not have a good understanding of the American Revolution will have an especially difficult time deciphering what the book is describing. McCullough makes up for the confusion by adding vivid details from diaries, journals, reference works, and a numerous amount of books.
On June 15, 1775, Washington was appointed Major General and Commander-in-Chief of colonial forces. Washington was the colonies’ best choice because he had experience, had been advising the congress, and the biggest factor that went into it was that if he had not been given the job Virginia, a key colony in the resistance, would have backed out. Washington’s troops were not very successful and they lost many battles, but they were victorious in March of 1776 when they forced the British to withdraw from Boston. He then moved his troops to New York City where they fought in the largest battle of the revolution. The british army launched an attack that killed 2,800 men. Washington ordered what was left of his army to retreat across the Delaware
The odds for the Patriot armies in Albany improved greatly with the British loss of both of these force. The Continental army had also gained some troops, as said by the Worcester Polytechnic Institute, “From the sporadic reinforcements of arriving militia units, the Americans were finally strong enough to face the advancing British.” The Continental Army then build defenses at Bemis Heights. The Worcester article continues, “Upon completion of the defenses, Gates ' entrenched army awaited the actions of the British. An effective outpost reporting system monitored the movement of the British expedition, keeping Gates informed of the actions of the enemy.” The first battle occurred on September 19, 1777. The British, upon beginning the first battle, “advanced on the American army… in three columns, one by the river under the German Colonel Riedesel, the main force in the center commanded by Burgoyne and the third, commanded by Brigadier Fraser making a wide outflanking detour to the American left. The aim of the British was to take the unfortified hill to the West of the American positions on Bemis Heights,” (British Battles). The fighting began near the farm of John Freeman, between American troops and the center British Column. With nightfall coming, General Burgoyne sent 500 German troops from the river to the British central column. Seeing these men coming, the Americans retreated to their defenses. The British controlled the ground for the time being, and the battle would pause for several days as Burgoyne waited for news from General Clinton. He received word that Clinton was heading up the Valley, but the troops weren’t come. Howe had ordered the force to reinforce him at Philadelphia. General Burgoyne decided to continue with his attack. On the 7th of October “he sent out a 1500-man ‘reconnaissance-in-force’ with several cannons to probe and bombard the American left [flank],” (National Park Service). The American Army, combined with nearby militias, far
The Battle of Trenton was a significant battle in the American Revolution. The reason for this is General George Washington decided that on December 25, 1776 he and his men would cross the Delaware River and attack the Hessians. Washington tricked and trapped the Hessians by attacking them from behind. Since the battle lasted less than an hour, Washington and his army defeated the Hessians. These are some key points on why the Battle of Trenton was so significant.
On 17 Oct 1777, the colonist victory at Saratoga was a morale boost for the colonial army and a blow to the ego of the English. Early 1781 most of the war in northern colonies had grown stagnant. General George Washington and General Sir Henry Clinton were at a stale mate in New York. The war in the south became the strategic point of attack for the British. With Cornwallis having major victories in key southern towns such as Savannah and Charleston, British forces were on the rise and pushing north. Cornwallis continued to push north chasing the southern colonial army with Nathaniel Greene in command. Greene found success by never attacking Cornwallis’s full force, but by small units and gorilla style warfare. Always staying a step ahead by being a lighter moving and staying unpredictable with his movements, Greene finally lost Cornwallis on the Dan River in Virginia. The colonial army crossed the river by sending a scout
The American Revolution was a period of anxiety and conflict between Great Britain and the American colonists. The fight for independence began as a riotous battle occurred at Lexington and Concord, located in Massachusetts. Surprisingly, the American colonists were prosperous in many of the battles during the time of war. The war had lasted for eight years, and officially ended when a treaty was signed by Great Britain. In turn, the Americans earned independence and a lot of rights that other countries did not have. The American colonists had a large defiance in their hands, due to the fact that the British were extremely robust. Whereas the British had a very successful army and won the majority of their wars, the
The eerie silence amongst the crew, the sound of ice crashing against the side of the wooden boat. The painfully cold air nipping at every inch of bare skin. Shaking, nervous hands awaiting battle. But in your moment of you look up, you are empowered at the sight of General George Washington, ready to lead an idea, an army, and a nation. No longer are your hands shaking from fear but now from anticipation to prove that your newly founded nation will preserve itself. That is the feeling one gets when they put themselves in the painting “George Washington's Crossing of the Delaware” by Emanuel Leutze. Finished it 1851 this painting depicts the famous scene when General George Washington of the American continental army, crosses the icy and frigid Delaware river Christmas night in 1776. General Washington planned
“If I don’t cross tomorrow, there will be no army.” General George Washington said the morning of the attack on the Hessians. He vowed to lead the army of the young and old knowing the dangers. If his plan fails he and his army will be humiliated and treasoned for the rebellion against the king. George Washington plan was to attack the day after the Hessians has celebrated Christmas. Why would the Americans attack in the winter? It was dangerous and everyone knew fighting in the cold was a death sentence. 8pm in the morning, he ordered the first ambush attack on the Hessian’s guards. In total were 4 Hessians, and from there they charged into unknowing sleeping Hessian’s. Awoken, startled they grabbed a gun and fought the Americans. But
The Battle of Trenton was pivotal to the outcome of the American Revolution. Without certain intelligence assets, General Washington would have failed at Trenton, changing the course of the war. This paper will provide a detailed analysis of the Battle of Trenton and discuss in detail human intelligence (HUMINT) and offensive counterintelligence (OFCO); both of which were critical to Washinton’s success.
Did you know about the Battle of Trenton? According to landofthebrave The Battle of Trenton was on Thursday, December 26, 1776 in Trenton, New Jersey. With an army of General George Washington, and his leaders Nathanael Greene and John Stark, and his soldiers. The Battle of Trenton 1776 has many causes, leaders, events, and causes.
Against all odds the American colonists won independence, but the journey there was long and hard fought. The book of 1776 by David McCullough, illustrated efforts and battles of the founding fathers and the militia. The events of 1775-1776 described the moment when King George the third declared war on America to the American Victory at Trenton. Laws like the Sugar Act and Stamp Act that levied taxes against the colonists are one of the primary causes that sparked the American Revolution, but the book focuses mainly on battles and the hardship, rather than the political events that spawned the revolution. McCullough’s descriptions of the wins and losses on the battlefield show the development of the revolution, how it shaped the future leaders
This painting shows George Washington, then a general in the American Revolutionary War, crossing the Delaware River with his troops on the night of Dec. 25, 1776. The crossing immediately advanced Washington 's surprise attack on the Hessian forces in the Battle of Trenton. Although the painting portrays a historic part of the American Revolution, it was spuriously painted by Emanuel Leutze, an artist born in Germany. Moreover, where the original was actually painted.
It was almost like something out of a nightmare. A nightmare such as the ones that would force you out of bed at night and into your mother’s soft embrace. However, there was no turning back from this nightmare. We’d watched the sea around us as the waves battered the side of our boats. Some of us would get sick, our stomachs forcing what little food we’d consumed past our lips before forcing more. After a while, our bodies had nothing left to give. As we approached, we could see ships everywhere, the shore came into view as the tide rose. To those of us in the water who’d already pushed past the dead and dying being taken by the sea, we were forced down but the heavy fire by enemy lines. Bodies lay everywhere. Bobbing In the blood-soaked waves, laying on the mucky beach, and slowly sinking down into the icy depths, never to be seen again.