It provides an understanding of the problem, help to develop ideas for supporting quantitative research (Snapsurveys, 2016). I believe that qualitative research brings opinions or hypotheses and goes deeper into the issues or problems. There are many techniques used to collect the data like focus groups, conducting interviews and observations. I think the sample size here is small and the sampling is selected to fulfill the subject of study. For example, my friend is studying the role of heritage in attracting foreigners to Oman.
William James (2014) shaped a record of human instincts such as thing as attachment, play, shame, anger, fear, shyness, modesty and love but there’s a problem in this theory which is this theory didn’t really clarify the behavior and it is just only described. There is also another theory of motivation which is the incentive theory of motivation that is divide in to two category which are the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, first is the intrinsic motivation which is you do a certain thing because you want to seek out new things and new challenges. It is determined by an interest or satisfaction in the task itself. The second one is the extrinsic motivation obviously it refers to the incentive that the person that will get after doing a tasks they are motivated to do things because they know at the end of the day they will get a reward. Like in school, students study hard because they know after the semester of their hard work would be paid off.
Qualitative methods help examine not just “what”,” where”,” when”, or even "who" but also the “why” and “how” of decision making. In a typical statistician’s conventional views, qualitative methods help produce information only on the specific cases studied and any more general conclusions are considered as propositions (or informed assertions). Empirical backing for such research hypotheses can then be sought by using Quantitative methods. A qualitative
Qualitative research Qualitative research is basically exploratory research. It is used to gain an understanding of underlying reasons, opinions, and motivations. It provides awareness into the problem or helps to develop ideas or hypotheses for potential quantitative research. Qualitative Research is also used to display trends in thought and opinions, and dive deeper into the problem. Qualitative data collection methods alter using unstructured or semi-structured techniques.
The subjects of this study were 200 and the instrument employed was the Strategy Inventory of Language Learning developed by Oxford to determine the type of learning strategies and also frequency of strategy use. The test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) was administrated to obtain the proficiency level of students. The result showed that successful learners used metacognitive strategies the most; on the other hand,
Whereas extrinsic motivation is defined as our tendency to perform activities for known external rewards, whether they be tangible (E.g., money) or psychological e.g., praise) in nature (Brown, 2007). Previous research conducted by (Delci, 1971) showed that when money is presented as a potential prize for carrying out a sporting
These rewards that they will get may be intrinsic or extrinsic, and may be either positive or negative. The more positive the reward is, the more that the individual will be highly motivated. Conversely, the more negative the reward is, the less likely the individual will be motivated (Vroom, 1964). Also, Edward L. Deci and Richard M. Ryan suggested in their self-determination theory that events and experiences that give a person a feeling of autonomy, relatedness and competence lead to high motivation and engagement in activities. Self-determination theory suggests that the main factors that affect and determine the level of an individual’s self-determination is the environment.
The research was analysed both qualitatively quantitatively. Qualitative research is used to understand, explain, explore, discover and clarify situations, feelings, perceptions, attitudes, values, beliefs and experiences of a group of people. The study designs are therefore often based on deductive rather than inductive approach and are flexible and emergent in nature. They are non-linear and non-sequential in their operationalization. The study design mainly entails the selection of people from whom the information, through an open frame of enquiry is explored and gathered.
According to Creswell, research design is planning and the procedures, which are more important than the decision to the detailed methods of data collection and analysis. (Creswell, 2009) There are three methods to gathering and reporting information which are qualitative research, quantitative research and mixed method (qualitative and quantitative), these three methods can collect the data into different ways and find different information about the research topic. Qualitative research method Qualitative research is a primarily exploratory, which is used to exploring and understanding the meaning of individuals of groups and the underlying. This method is mainly focused on the individuals and will find the problem deeply. For the data collection,
Extrinsic Motivation: It refers to the urge to engage in learning activity due to some external incentives. It is conditioned by practiced consideration of life with all its attendant sense of struggle, success or failure. Thus extrinsic motivation is associated with lower levels of self-esteem and higher levels of anxiety compared to intrinsic motivation (Kumaravadivelu, 2006). 3. Achievement Motivation: On the other hand, refers to the motivation and commitment to excel.