Desertification: United Nations Convention To Combat, Degradation And Drought

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I. INTRODUCTION
Countries near the Pacific Ocean are prone to natural calamities such as landslides, earthquakes, typhoons, droughts, and, etc. The weather system of these countries vary, which results to different severities of flood and the duration of brownouts.
The United Nations Convention to Combat and Degradation and Drought (2013) defined desertification as land degradation in arid, semi-arid, sub-humid areas, and dry lands resulting from various factors. It is due mainly to climate variability, and unsustainable human activities. Desertification, in its classical definition, refers to the rapid depletion of plant life and the loss of topsoil usually caused by a combination of drought and the overexploitation of grasslands and vegetation by the people.
In addition, the abuse of humans on land areas together with the harsh climate increases the chance of the land to corrode. It
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(Katyal & Vlek, 2000)
The intensity of desertification varies on the rate of climatic occurrences in the area. The Philippines is a hazard-prone area since it is located near the Pacific area. For instance, typhoons that hit in the area erode the soil causing it to reduce the soil quality.
3.2 Causes of Desertification
Drought, various rain patterns, increasing global temperatures, and climate change had contributed to the dehydrating of land areas which resulted to Desertification. Massive soil degradation in the lowlands caused by the excessive use of urea, resulting into unprecedented soil mining and human‐induced micro‐nutrient deficiency, and stagnation of food crops yield.(Concepcion, 2007)
Land degradation in the Philippines is caused by:
1.) Illegal logging, forest fires, black sand mining and other man-made issues
2.) Overexploitation of grasslands and vegetation

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