As the story proceeds, Achilles seems to contradict himself a lot, and the concept of honor helps us understand this better. This behavior is seen most clearly in book 9, when Achilles is asked to fight in the war again. In several parts, Achilles acts or speaks as if he does not care for honor, however he keeps reminding those around him that Agamemnon dishonored him. When Achilles rejects the request of the Achaeans, he says in line 386, “The same honor waits for the coward and the brave. They both go down to Death.” Achilles is implying that no matter how much death or honor one gets, he is bound to die in the end, so honor has no meaning.
In the first half of the Iliad, Agamemnon had control over everyone’s fate. The first was Achilles. Achilles’ fate was first shaped when he left Agamemnon wailing to his mother Thetis about not wanting to fight in the Trojan War. Just like what was previously said. However, in Agamemnon’s view, he wanted to form the fate of death towards the Trojans by having an extra number on their side, and by having a great advantage with using the greatest warrior as their “secret weapon”.
His mother Thetis, the sea nymph, foretold that this would happen to him. Knowing this he still went to fight, because after all, all he wanted was honor and glory. In the end his death couldn't be avoided but his wish came true. Unlike the poem, in the movie, destiny is seen in a very contrary aspect. In this version people choose their own destiny by themselves, and the part where Achilles is told by his mother not to join the war is not even mentioned.
The death of Patroclus as the hands of Hector during Book XIV plays a profound role in foreshadowing multiple central events that occur later during The Iliad. The two greater events that are foretold are the return of Achilles to the battlefield and the death of Hector. Another lesser event is foreshadowed, that being the desecration of Hector’s lifeless corpse by Achilles. Examining the foreshadowing of both the return of Achilles to
To begin, since Troy is formed from The Iliad, there are so many similarities between the two. One similarity I noticed was that Achilles mother, Thetis, reveals her sons fate in the movie and the book. In the book, Achilles says, For my mother the goddess, silver-footed Thetis, informs me that I must choose one or other manner of life and death. If I remain here, attacking the city and land of the Trojans, all hope of returning is lost, but I win a glory undying. If,
“The fear of death follows from fear of life. A man who lives fully is prepared to die at any time.”-Mark Twain. In The Fault in Our Stars by John Green, Hazel realizes that she needs to make each moment of her life count, which can be seen three times throughout the novel. The first occurrence is when Hazel goes on a trip to Amsterdam with Augustus. A second instance is when Hazel writes a eulogy for Gus and goes to see him, even though her parents do not want her to.
Gilgamesh remains by his friend’s side until he dies. The death of Enkidu shows Gilgamesh that kingship will not save him from that same fate. Furthermore, he feared death and sought eternal life in hopes of avoiding death. Sandars highlights the characters in The Epic of Gilgamesh. Gilgamesh, is beautiful, perfect in stature, strong, wise, two thirds gods, and one third man.
In both cases, Achilles is filled with guilt and shame for his actions, but this is truly deepened in Petersen’s version in which Hector paused an ongoing battle to allow the Greeks to honor their dead. Achilles ignores this respect and desecrates Hector’s body before even thinking of returning his body to Priam so he might properly bury his son. In the Iliad Achilles’ actions can be seen as revenge because they are similar to what the Trojans might have done with Patroclus’ body, but in Troy the actions appear unwarranted and done with malicious intent after Hector’s honorable
In battle Hector killed Achilles´s best friend Pactorlos in battle. In grief Achilles wants to fight Hector for what he did. Hector has two choices, either to fight Achilles or hide behind the walls of Troy. Hector exclainms doubtedly “What shall I do? If I retreat behind these walls, … And now that I have ruined them all by my rashness, I am ashamed to face the men and women of Troy, or some base fellows may say-Hector thought too much of his own strength, and ruined us all!” (Homer 257) “Either I shall kill him and return in triumph, or I shall die with honour
Nestor’s speeches provide an insight to the hearts of men and their desire to access immortality through glory in war; however, his speeches also reveal the mortality of man. Throughout The Iliad, Nestor describes his youthful warrior days to the soldiers as a way to ready them for battle