The travelling community are one group of people who often have very poor health outcomes due to poor determinants of health. They often have very poor living conditions, education and poor uptake on health services. Members of the travelling community have a much lower life expectancy than settled members of the community. According to the All-Ireland traveller health study 2010, the average age of a traveller man is 67.1 in comparison with the national average of 76.8. Quite often on traveller sites they won’t have clean running water, access to doctors, poor sewage facilities, education on healthy food choices, compliance to medications etc.
In this essay, "In Health. We 're Not No.1," Robert J. Samuelson argues that it turns out that being American is bad for you health, relative speaking. An exhaustive statistics and studies show that Americans ' health is at the lowest levels in compared to most advanced countries. The United Sates possess a higher death rates 15 over 21 illnesses and a lower life expectancy of 78.2 years in compare of 83 years by Japan. Most of the circumstances that contribute to reduce the Americans ' health are lifestyle choices, personal behaviors and social pathology, such as homicide by guns, car accidents and problems with drugs.
Compared to other population, Hispanic older adult ages 65 and up has the lowest rate of vaccine with 50.6% where Non-Hispanic white is 68.6% (OMH, 2013). Also comparing to the overall population of their health, the older Hispanic adults face the highest levels economic insecurity causing them to suffer from lack of food, poor health and even inadequate or
Ethnic disparities in health and health care impose costs on many parts of society, including individuals, families, communities, health care organizations, employers, health plans, and government agencies, including Medicare and Medicaid. These costs include direct expenses associated with the provision of care to a sicker and more disadvantaged population as well as indirect costs such as lost productivity, lost wages, absenteeism, family leave to deal with avoidable illnesses, and lower quality of life. For hospitals and clinics, language barriers may result in higher costs because of less efficient utilization of institutional resources. For example, an incomplete medical history truncated by a language barrier may lead a physician to compensate for possible deficiencies in the patient interview by obtaining more laboratory tests and other diagnostic evaluations. (Hampers et al., 1999).
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality for adults. The main risk factors for the development of CVD include hypertension, obesity, alcohol consumption, and tobacco use; these factors are prevented or reduced through lifestyle changes (Poudel & Sumi, 2017). The result of the study found that perceived susceptibility to CVDs was low among adults, which means that people do not feel susceptible to CVDs. The study also showed the low perceived severity suggested that young adults did not recognize their own risk status. The perceived benefits were good among participants; they agreed that eating a healthy diet and exercising for 30 min a day was one of the best methods to prevent heart attack or stroke (Poudel & Sumi, 2017).
Among the elderly, oldest-old is the most vulnerable group with the low level of well-being compared to other age groups. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) The same method used to calculate Subjective wellbeing index is followed to assess the general health condition of the elderly. The reliability coefficient, Cronbach's Alpha is 0.96 for 12 items of GHQs. The mean of the index was 22 with a standard deviation of 7.8. The good health conditions lead to higher values of the index.
Wouldn’t it be nice to see health disparities or racism eliminated from populations? Wouldn’t that be something to behold? In 1999, the CDC initiated the Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health (REACH) program to reduce the health disparities that exist between racial and ethnic cohorts.1 From 2009 to 2012, REACH programs have shown improvement from past funded programs;1 yet, only a few governmental and nongovernmental agencies are taking advantage of it. In 2006, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation provided funding for interventions to reduce racial and ethnic disparities and improving health care services in minority communities, because evidence-based research data show patients of specific racial and ethnic cohorts often receive
The combination of perceived severity and perceived susceptibility called perceived threat and it indicates if the person is ready to take an action. In this report, older adults are at high risk to become dehydration because of several factors. First, older adults have less body water compared to other ages because of their losing in muscle mass, changing in metabolism and kidney function, and reducing in thirst sensation (Juan & Basiotis, 2002). In general, older adult men’s total body fluid is 52% of body weight compared to 60% in adult men, and in older adult women is 46% compared to 52% in adult women (as cited in Mentes, 2006). In addition, older adults tend to eat and drink less than other ages due to disabilities, diseases, or medications (mayo Clinic,
In these clinical studies8-10,22-23, differences in failure rates and contradictory results are noteworthy. Thus, direct comparison between studies testing identical materials should be interpreted with caution, as there is no standardized protocol for clinical studies. 24 In in vivo studies, socioeconomic and dental status of patients, and malocclusion classification and resultant mechanotherapy may affect the outcomes. Furthermore, masticatory forces varying with facial type, culturally influenced dietary habits, and sex differences may also influence the results. 4 The bond failure rate of green gloo found 5.00 % at the end of 24 months.
Sicko is an American documentary by Michael Moore which explores the status of health care in America. In my opinion, he has presented a clear-cut viewpoint that American health care is not producing results. Nearly half a hundred million Americans, according to Sicko, are not insured while the rest, who are insured, are often sufferers of insurance company deceit and also red tape. Additionally, Sicko mentions that the United States health care system is placed 37th out of 191 by the W.H.O. with definite health measures, like the neonate death and life probability, equivalent to countries with quite less financial wealth.
The suicide rate ratio of Indigenous Australians is 1.5 that of non-Indigenous. 96.4% of deaths were younger than fifty years of age compared to 70.4% for non-Indigenous people.1 Social determinants of health such as lack of education and unemployment affect the emotional and social wellbeing that is the foundation for Indigenous physical and mental health. 2 Indigenous Australians have worse health conditions from poorer health and more likely to die at an earlier age than non-Indigenous Australians. Discriminatory behaviour erodes Indigenous self-esteem and value within their community and contributes to bad mental health. 3 Suicide is a largely preventable public health problem.
For a majority of enrollees with lower incomes, the federal subsidies make the premiums more affordable. For those even closer to the poverty line, they can receive additional subsidies that reduce the deductibles even more. But for many middle class families that earn an average income of $97,000 for a family of four, the health coverage premiums and deductibles have sky-rocketed (Luhby). This is causing a huge amount of Americans opting to stay uninsured, rather than spend thousands a year. According to a Kaiser study, 46% of uninsured adults tried to get coverage but did not because it was too expensive (Luhby, 2017).