There are several temptations thrown at an adolescent’s way during the time the adolescent transitions to adulthood. As young adults are more exposed to recreational drugs during their “Emerging Adulthood” years, it is evident that they are at higher risk of substance abuse. Emerging Adulthood is the phase when adolescents transition to adulthood. This is roughly between the ages of 18-25 years old. During this period of time, people tend to explore themselves more and frequently change as a person.
Present study shows that reproductive health awareness and positive attitudes are necessary for adolescents to understand their reproductive health issues and help them to have positive health seeking behavior. Those who have good awareness on reproductive health can recognize and understand their reproductive health issues and those who do not have reproductive health awareness lack in understanding reproductive health issues. Those who do not have awareness and positive attitude towards reproductive health will make them more vulnerable to reproductive health problem, where most of them face psychological and emotional issues and poor access to health services. Therefore Adolescent health education can be a better option to understand health and it can provide good and effective behavior to protect their life. It should be provided in both formal and informal sectors, within a conducive environment that will allow privacy and confidentiality.
LO3 Understand the factors influencing health and wellbeing individuals in health and social care setting. 3.1 Assess the health and wellbeing priorities for individuals in a particular health and social care setting. There are several factors that affect the health of an individual. According to Bianchi such factors are physical, sociological, psychological, economic and environmental factors. Physical factors include hormonal balance of an individual, genetic disorder and immune system.
According to the World Health Organization, the first 8 years of life will affect a child’s health, education and economic participation for the rest of its life. Prenatal environment refers to the chemical balance and the presence of toxic substances inside a mother’s body and the physical environment refers to how good is the nutrition of a child and also to the exposure in risky conditions that might lead to a disease and etc. The social and cultural environments refer to the formation of relationships, morals, values and norms within a child’s system. Moreover, learning environment refers to the stimulation that a child gets from its environment e.g. parents, caregiver and school.
Risk behaviors are lifestyle choices and actions that increase the likelihood that someone would contract disease, illness or injuries. The risk behavior, smoking, is prominent in society with two in three lifetimes smokers dying in Australia due to their habits and in this case study, is undertaken
Causes and Effects of Drug Abuse Substance abuse is a form of substance-related disorder. It refers to the harmful or hazardous use of substances that affects almost every community, including alcohol, tobacco and legal or illegal drugs. Drug abuse is one of the most commonly substance abuse in teenagers. It is a disease that is defined as a destructive pattern of using drugs that can cause significant problems or distress. The most commonly abused drugs among them are marijuana, cocaine, heroin and hallucinogens.
There are various clinician-administered measures for the assessment of OCD. Clinical interviews and various self-report measures are typically used as well as behavioral avoidance tests or observational tasks in which individuals are exposed to feared stimuli while rating their distress level. It is also important to review the etiological considerations when assessing and diagnosing OCD. Being that OCD involves both genetic and environmental factors. Heredity plays a major role in the etiology of OCD, therefore it would be beneficial to examine if any of Lady Macbeth’s family members have OCD or related disorders.
Education has a positive effect on society by helping to create a more cohesive and healthier society. Research has continuously shown that those with lower educational attainment are more likely experience poorer health and to die at a younger age than those with higher educational attainment (Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006). There are numerous resemblances between the health position of those in lower socioeconomic groups and those with lower educational attainment, which is unsurprising as education has a strong relationship with employment and earnings potential. There is a strong positive relationship between education and health whether measured by mortality, morbidity, health knowledge or behaviours. Lower educational attainment also increases the risk of death from infectious diseases, cancer, stroke and cardiovascular disease; as well as increasing the risk of suffering from other illnesses throughout life such as depression, asthma and diabetes (Marmot and Wilkinson, 2006).
Cultural competence is much more than awareness of cultural differences, as it focuses on the capacity of the health system to improve health and wellbeing by integrating the understanding and appreciation of different cultures. To become more culturally competent, a health service or professional or system needs to value diversity, have the capacity for cultural self-assessment, be conscious of the dynamics that ,occur when cultures interact institutionalise cultural knowledge, adapt service delivery so that it reflects an understanding of the diversity between and within Cultures. Equity of Australian healthcare access is important for all Australians and is difficult to achieve when access issues are not addressed. As well as these issues, some patients from a culturally and linguistically diverse background experience discrimination from the system of health care due to their country of origin, cultural background, and religious beliefs. Healthcare professionals need to recognise this potential and be prepared to advocate for their patients when necessary to ensure adequate care.
Sexual activity can put teenagers at risk for several STIs and STDs, along with the risk of unexpected pregnancy. Substance abuse can also open the gateway to new potential diseases by weakening the immune system and offer an entry point for bacteria and viruses. Substance abuse can also lead to mental deterioration, physical ailments, and even death. Violence also is another dangerous risk behavior that adolescents often resort to. “Adolescent Risk Behaviors” notes “Rates of physical and sexual assault in dating relationships, including being beaten up and forced to have unwanted sex, range from 10 percent to 25 percent of high school students” (Crooks