Determination Of Ethanoic Acid In Vinegar Lab Report

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Ali Atwi :
Internal assesment – calculating of the concentration of ethanoic acid in vinegar

AIM :
To calculate the concentration of ethanoic acid CH3COOH in vinegar using stoichiometric equations, ( Yamaha brand )

Introduction :
I personally like to add a little bit of vinegar on my food because it makes it taste better, yet I know that vinegar contains acid, and I also know the consequences of highly concentrated acid intake, like severe itching and stomach ache, vomiting.
Venigar contains a small percentage of ethanoic acid Ch3COOH. This practical aims to find out the concentration of the of the vinegar against a standard solution of sodium hydroxide soloution of concentration 0.1 mol dm3 through acid-base titration, the label on the bottle says 6%.

The equation of the reaction between sodium hydroxide and ethanoic acid is as follows: CH3COOH + NaOH → CH3COONa + H2O

We can measure the end point of titration process and we can also measure the amount of reactants. The concentration of ethanoic acid in the vinegar can be determined through stoichiometric calculations, Using the values obtained from the titration, and also the chemical equation as a reference.
Phenolphthalein indicator is used in this acid-base titration
Equipment and materials: Commercial vinegar, Yamaha brand 0.1 mol/dm3, NaOH soloution Phenolpthalein indicator soloution (50.00 ± 0.5 cm3 ) cm3 burrete (250.00 ± 0.5 cm3) volumetric flask a (250 cm3± 0.5 cm3)

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