Development By Jean Piaget And Sociocultural Theory Of Development

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In order to comprehend the intricacies of child development, two exceptional theories known as the Cognitive theory of Development by Jean Piaget, and the Sociocultural theory of Development by extended the frontiers of knowledge in Developmental Psychology. The theories vary significantly, but still retain some basic similarities. To summarize, ’According to Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory(CDT), focuses on the biological side of cognitive development states that children actively construct knowledge as they manipulate and explore their world’’ (Berk) The theory encapsulates three rudimentary components consisting of schemas, adaption processes, and the stages of development. In contrast to that, Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory emphasizes the importance of how culture, societal norms, and values contribute, and shape the developmental process of an individual (Berk, 2013). His theory comprises, or focuses upon 3 components including Second Signal System, Social Interaction, and Zone of Proximal Development. Reflecting back on Piaget’s theory; schemes are mental organizations used to perceive the world. When pre-existing schemes to interpret the external world, it is technically known as assimilation. The transformation of old schemes to interpret the new environment is known as accommodation. According to CDT, the two aforementioned principles of adaptation are impertinent for the development of children, because equilibrium, often followed by disequilibrium or

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