Stages Of Development Essay

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“The propensity to make strong emotional bonds to particular individuals [is] a basic component of human nature” (John Bowlby, 1988, 3). What is development? According to Shaffer, D. R & Kipp K. (2010) Developmental Psychology (Eight Edition) “Development refers to the systematic continuities and changes in the individual that occurs between conception … and death.”. Development is a key component of the physical and physiological formation of a human being. What is attachment? Attachment is, according to Ainsworth, 1973; Bowlby, 1969, “a deep and enduring emotional bond that connects one person to another across time and space”. What are the stages of development? Development starts as early as the fertilization of the egg of the mother and the sperm of the father, this is called “The Prenatal Stage”. The zygote divides through a process called mitosis where two cells become four, etc.; lasting for around four days. The second period lasts for two weeks, the zygote is now known as an embryo which develops into the fetus over the nine-month period. In this period, the physical aspect of the infant is being developed and studies have shown that due to genes, there is a predetermined set of traits that the child may possess. After birth, the baby is not yet developed completely. Their motor skill e.g.…show more content…
It can affect their though moral, emotional and social development, they can have a lack of impulse control, their cognitive development can be unhinged. We can see this in the case study of Genie, a girl who was severely neglected by her parents, locking her in a confined room and often tied to a potty-chair, giving her little to no human interaction leaving her in total isolation. She was found by a social worker aged 13. This case shows us the results of lack of attachment and how it affected her development, especially in the sector of language, where she could only speak a very limited amount of
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