Workers are not flexible enough to change jobs and move into more advanced sectors and in the end, this will impact the termination of employment on a large scales. Furthermore, Chinese goods are cheaper than domestic goods it is because China’s products have relatively a lower cost of production. Therefore it can seize the domestic market and decreased the export competitiveness of Indonesian products. Based on previous research, Aslam (2012) showed that consumers bought Chinese products because they were cheap. Business associations in Indonesia realized that they were facing very strong competition with products coming from China and this free trade agreement tended to cause harm to particular important domestic-oriented industries.
The US is also short term oriented nevertheless, TESCO needs to be strategic. Uncertainty avoidance shows the extent to which people in a culture react to threats and ambiguity and creates rules to avoid them such as having a strong union. China has high uncertainty avoidance which is not far from why they are long term oriented. America has low uncertainty avoidance, meaning they can take risk by switching jobs at the next best offer. TESCO being western also has it low and would have to face it with china.
The economic exploitation and political governance of another country is not fair to the local inhabitants. Decolonisation was a crucial step in the direction of equality, especially racially. Previously, western superpowers acted in the name of economic opportunity, disregarding the indigenous populations of their colonies. The standard of life of the local people was disregarded in favour of profit for the colonisers. While the welfare and standard of living of local people vastly improved towards 20th century, a titanic feeling of inferiority remained.
Alibaba complicated in a confrontation of disagreements in excess of suspected marketing of imitation products by some wholesalers on Alibaba. There some condemnations from Chinese representatives on this, which instigated Alibaba’s standard, price to droplet ominously. Fortunately, Alibaba did its PR exertion and it appears to be in peacetime with Chinese government interventions on this difficulty. Porter’s Five Force model is a very advantageous agenda in appraising a firm’s conservational intimidation. Alibaba originated in China but now it is an openly listed company which challenging in international market place.
Malaysia practices coalition politics, where different allies form coalition pact for better benefits. It is argued that political stability and avoiding ethnic confrontation is successfully maintained when elite consociational practices are used along with political controls restricting political competition (Ibid). According to Loh, convergence of interests between political elites, business classes and other interests groups indeed constrained the rise of civil society, resulting in the non-liberalisation of the political sphere (Loh 2002). For instance, the Bumiputera policy in Malaysia is a preferential treatment policy towards the Malay according to the Malaysian constituion. When such policies exist, the majority race in the country will benefit from the privilleges and tend not to voice out displeasure against the
Although Kuppens et al. (in press) already challenged Hainmueller and Hiscox’s (2010) conclusion that lowly educated people have generally more negative attitudes toward immigrants than their higher educated counterparts, their finding that highly educated individuals place more value on tolerance and cultural diversity is not yet addressed. We are going to fill this gap and hypothesize that - because values tend to cause attitudes (Schwartz, 2012) - not only negative attitudes toward immigrants are a function of concerns about labor-market competition, but also the endorsement of values that favor immigration (figure
They use the privileges granted by the policies as an umbrella for the crime. However, some people pursue the idea that it is conducive to maintain unity and national stability; the privileges which are granted by the policy can consolidate China’s sense of unity. Not only were the minority extremists grateful, but also the support of anti-Chinese Western forces has intensified. This policy, combined with the actual situation and regional autonomy, has increased the gap between Han Chinese and the ethnic minorities. It deliberately emphasizes the nationalization of religious beliefs in the ethnic minority areas, and also encourages narrow nationalism or separatism in ethnic minority areas which has caused them to become more anti-Chinese than ever.
Transparency International states that China should unify its penal codes with the anti-corruption legal framework of the UNCAC. Laws regarding economic and social regulations should be clarified; the implementation standards should be elucidated and completely open to the public, thus decreasing public servants’ discretion and room for corruption. In addition to that, China should consider forming an independent Judiciary, for fairness in legal processes. Currently, the communist party appoints judges, which can bring dishonest verdicts and unjustifiable consequences. Just as the Republic of Korea or the United States of America nominates judges in methods that do not involve main government parties, China should do so as well.
This meant that the highest bidder to pay rent for a plot of land would then acquire the land and be able to tax whoever bought their goods and keep all the revenue earned. They did not need to give any percentage of what they earned from extra taxation to the British. This resulted in increased income inequality as the rich Chinese got richer as they could afford to bid for taxation rights while the poorer ethnic groups could not. With revenue farming, more and more Chinese workers were migrating to Malaya, in hopes of getting employed, which then led to a Chinese community being formed. Within the Chinese community, many of them started to demand for the sale of opium in Malaya.
Even if the interference has its benefits, one that is extreme and damaging should not be tolerated. China’s one child policy is an example. Even though this policy has effectively controlled the population of China, retaining economic stability and reducing unemployment rates, it has led to various issues. Due to the government of China imposing social imperialism upon the public, problems like gender gaps, human rights abuses and an increase in the ageing population have arisen. The increase in ageing population puts a pressure on the working class, as there are more dependent on one breadwinner of the family.