During the pre-civil war time period— also known as the antebellum years— America experienced a widespread transformation for the sake of its economy. With the booming belief of the Manifest Destiny, America’s constant desire for westward expansion caused disputes between the North and the South regarding the establishment of free states and slave states, which led to certain compromises such as the Missouri Compromise. After the Market Revolution, the North and South used its new gained land to create different means of economic gains; the North became industrialized through manufacturing, while the South became an agricultural industry dependent on cotton. However, as America’s boundaries expanded, tensions between the North and South grew, often leading to compromises in bloodshed. The drastic differences between the two groups eventually transformed America into a divided nation of sectionalism economically, politically, and socially.
The Abolitionist Movement played a major part in American History. This lasted for many decades, but anti-slavery activists held their ground and put their life on their line for what they believed in. Because of their miraculous efforts, we are now a free country and have many privileges and rights all thanks to them. Abolition first emerge around the 1830’s after slave trade started to become a widespread problem in England. Slave trade started to increase across the Atlantic in the southern states because more and more farmers were started to get involved in agriculture.
Due to the lack of technological advances at the time, the demand or need for fast, efficient, mass production of agricultural goods was only met by slave labor. Unfortunately, at the time slavery was by far the most efficient method of labor, and it served as a foundation for basic American economics, politics, and social issues. Slavery propelled the United States to the economic powerhouse that it is today largely due to success in the cotton and tobacco industries, so the need for slavery at the time was for rapid economic growth. Slavery at the time was also a huge sign of social status “buying a slave was a way of coming into their own in a society in which they were otherwise excluded from full participation” Buying slaves allowed slaveholders to buy their economic and social independence. The purchase of a
During the early years of America, agricultural demands drove most of the economy allowing the South to demanded political protection. One of the protective measures was the Three-Fifths Compromise in 1787. The South wanted to count the slaves toward its population allowing for more representation. At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates decided to count a slave as three-fifths of a person for the purpose of determining the population for how many seats each State would have in the House. This solidified Southern control over Politics for several years to come.
This progression of manufacturing led to a larger middle class, as people found the desire to buy luxury goods for themselves once again, leading to economic enhancement. Nationalism was further highlighted by the Tariff of 1816 - the first tariff in American history, which was instituted primarily for protection, not revenue (Borneman 261). The expansion of industrialization as a result of this enlarged middle class demonstrated America’s need to expand their self-sufficiency; because before the war, America greatly relied on foreign countries. The War of 1812 revealed the necessity for a better transportation system, economic independence, and independent markets, all of which came to fruition as a result of the
During the 17th century, slavery from Africa was very common in the United States. During 1776, Americans gained freedom from Britain, some African slaves fought alongside with White Americans to gain freedom from America while fighting for America’s freedom. Even though African slaves fought in the Revolutionary War, most African slaves were unable to get their own freedom. In the southern states there was a high demand for cotton and tobacco labor. Southern states like Alabama, Maryland, the Carolinas, Tennessee, and Georgia had large fertile land for cropping.
In a sense they were basically already doing this, tending to the farm land when they were slaves, though now they are actually collecting an earning for their hard work. While some of them worked for wages, others felt that it was best for them to rent out the land. During the congressional Reconstruction phase, sharecropping became a system to move the economy forward after the war in the south. This system of labor appeared in tobacco and cotton regions where most freed people lived (Of the people, 465). This term of
After the invention of the cotton gin, only then was cotton a profitable resource to work with. Before this indigo and sugar were some of the top exports. Most of these accounted for a large part of the South’s economic productiveness. If the world economy decided to not need cotton anymore, the South would crumble. Most large leaders in the North and South saw this distinction, and it was heavily credited as the leading factor of the Civil War.
Slavery influenced the American political development, its economy, culture and its fundamental principles. There is no denying that for most of the US history the American society was the society of slaveholders and slaves. First of all, it should be emphasized that the American economy was founded on the basis or tobacco, rice, sugar and cotton trade. All these products were slave-grown, and even though this kind of manufacturing process cannot be estimated as positive, it enabled slaveholders to bring capital into the colonies and the American republic, which became the basis of the American infrastructure for at least three following centuries. Particularly, cotton had become by far the most important commodity in international trade, as the Old South supplied around three-fourths of the world’s cotton.
The Atlantic Slave Trade was an international trade carried amongst three continents; Europe, America, and Africa whose biggest commodity was enslaved Africans forced to migrate to America. For instance, between the year 1500 and 1800 over fifteen million Africans had been enslaved. They worked as artisans and domestic servants, but the largest percentage worked in the plantations whose crops were sold in the Atlantic Slave trade forming a cycle . The slave trade especially peaked around the middle of 17th Century due to the increased demand for slaves to work in the rural mines and the extensive plantations in the new world. For instance, these being the earliest economic activities in the New World, slaves took a significant part in
American slaves were treated horribly. It was called the “Peculiar Institution” because it was a strange system. After a while, the South started to rely on slavery since it was agricultural. The North relied on the cotton from the South to ship to other countries. Once the cotton gin came to the South, they needed more slaves because they were producing more cotton.
The leading cause of the civil war was slavery. Slaves were bought and sold in the united states.Slavery had an important role in the united states. They were used to do most farm work. During that time period slaves made up 21.7% of the population(Carter, Susan).They were more populated in the south because the crops grew more in the south. Vermont was the first to abolish slavery(Carter, Susan).