Diabetes Intervention Theory

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Diabetes Intervention Theories: Comparative Analysis on the use of Health Belief Model and Social Cognitive Theory in fighting Diabetes among African Americans
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Diabetes Intervention Theories: Comparative Analysis on the use of Health Belief Model and Social Cognitive Theory in fighting Diabetes among African Americans
Introduction
The rate of diabetes among Americans especially the minorities has increased considerably. This aspect is despite a general stabilization on the disease in the nation thus raising questions about the risk factors that could be contributing to its rise among African Americans. Various theories can be used to explore possible approaches through which proper interventions can be designed
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Specifically, HBM proposes that persons show proper reactivity toward their health mostly when they realize they are at a risk which is extremely severe and a change in behavior would benefit them, and they are able to eliminate barriers to their good health behavior (Vazini & Barati, 2014). In a broad sense, HBM has key constructs such as supposed benefits, severity, barriers, and signals to achievement, perceived susceptibility, and self-efficiency that affect people’s health behavior (Bayat, Shojaeezadeh, Baikpour, Heshmat, Baikpour, and Hossein, 2013). African Americans have high-perceived susceptibility, self-efficacy, and severity towards diabetes and thus it is imperative to focus on their beliefs to determine the most effective…show more content…
They are concerned with the health behavior aspects through which non-diabetic and diabetic African Americans can apply to counter diabetes within their communities. Furthermore, as Dehghani-Fafti et al. (2012) and Tougas et al. (2015) illustrated both theories focus on self-regulation as effective diabetic care. They explore the impact of health behaviors and self-efficacy ability of diabetic patients to take action towards preventing or eliminating the disease. In the case of the African Americans, Vazini and Barati (2014) showed that the people have high self-efficacy levels and therefore they are readily willing to take action against risk behaviors that could expose them to diabetes. In light of this observation, both models are valuable in promoting the good health behavior among African Americans and their overall health
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