Diabetes Mellitus Case Study

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In the present scenario, diabetes mellitus is a common and serious health problem that is a threat to people regardless of age with an increasing rates of incidence and mortality. The Philippines is one of the countries with most cases of diabetes mellitus, ranked in the world top 15 with 4 million of its population diagnosed with diabetes and addition of the unknown number of people unaware of their possible condition (IDF, 2015). Diabetes Mellitus can be classified into two categories: Type 1 is insulin-dependent mellitus (IDDM), when the body does not produce any insulin and it is the type of DM common to children and young adults. DM Type 1 accounts for 5-10% of diabetes cases. Type 2 is noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), in which the body does not produce enough insulin or if there is, it is improperly used. DM Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes for having 90-95% of diabetes. NIDDM is nearing epidemic proportions for the increasing number of the elderly, obesity, and inactive lifestyle. Plants…show more content…
Citrofortunella microcarpa is fruit tree in the family Rutaceae. It is an intergenetic hybrid between a member of Citrus reticulata or tangerine and kumquat or Fortunella japonica. The calamondin tree has a height of 3 to 5 meters high, and is erect, slender, densely branched close to the ground, slightly spiny, and bears broad-oval, dark green leaves on the surface, yellowish beneath, sweetly fragrant white flowers with 5 elliptic-oblong petals, and fruits that are round that is about 4.5 cm wide with very thin, aromatic peel with visible pores. The pulp have 6 to 10 segments that is colored yellow to orange, very juicy, seedless or with 1 to 5 small obovoid green seeds

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