What is diabetes? I’m pretty sure that most of you at least once have heard about this disease, but probably not all of you are familiar to what it really is, how it’s caused and how it can damage human’s health. Diabetes is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.Insulin itself is a hormone needed to allow glucose to enter body cells for energy production.Diabetes can be divided in two types. Type 1 diabetes is known as insulin-dependent diabetes. It happens when your immune system destroys beta cells which are needed to produce insulin.
“Approximately 12.7 million, or 17 percent, of children and adolescents are obese. Unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and also lack of exercise is responsible for over 300,000 deaths each year. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults unless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise” (Aacap.org). Similarly, statistics from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011-2014 discovered that “prevalence of obesity among U.S. youth was 17.0% in 2011–2014. Overall, the prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children (2–5 years) (8.9%) was lower than among school-aged children (6–11 years) (17.5%) and adolescents (12–19 years) (20.5%).
Death is an extreme when it comes to obesity, but still likely, and it’s mostly seen in the elderly. It can cause certain cancers, heart problems and diabetes (World Health Organization, n.d.). The thing to know is that obesity is ranked second only to smoking as a preventable cause of death (Flegal, Williamson, Pamuk, &
Adults with diabetes have increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. Combined with reduced blood flow, neuropathy (nerve damage) in the feet increases the chance of foot ulcers, infection and eventual need for limb amputation. Diabetic retinopathy is an important cause of blindness, and occurs as a result of long-term accumulated damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. 2.6% of global blindness can be attributed to diabetes, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Diabetes consists of three types: Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is when one can make little to no insulin, Type 2 disturbs the pancreas, allowing it to only make a small amount of insulin, and gestational diabetes is only caused or occurs during pregnancy (Diabetes: Differences Between Type 1 and 2- Topic Overview). Often, many patients with gestational diabetes only have this type of diabetes when pregnant, but the disease disappears when the baby is born. Some examples of treatments for diabetes include an insulin pump, shots, and pills. All of the treatments prescribed provide insulin for a patient 's body.
After this stage, there is a risk for arrhythmia or sudden death due to heart failure. Question 3 So far it has been discovered that all ethnic groups are at risk of Danon disease since it is a rare genetic disease that only 20 families in the world where found to have it. The prevalence could however be estimated at less than 1 in 1000 000. Question 4 The gene that is involved here is X-linked dominant. Therefore, males experience a more severe case than females as the X chromosome in males is only one, whereas in females there are two X chromosomes.
The symptoms associated with an infection caused by C.diff are the result of gastroenteritis which is “a very common health problem worldwide that causes diarrhea and/or vomiting as a result of INFLAMMATION of the mucous membranes of the stomach and intestinal tract. It affects mainly the small bowel and can be caused by either viral or bacterial INFECTION” (Ignatavicius and Workman, 2016, p.1127). One of the largest barriers to treatment of a C.diff infection is the resistance to antibiotics. The CDC (2016) says “C.difficile caused almost half a million infections among patients in the United States in a single year. An estimated 15,000 deaths are directly attributable to C.difficile infections” (clostridium difficile section, para.
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is an ossification of the vertebral body's anterior and lateral side (1,2). This is a rare entity and also known as Forestier’s disease, rarely associated with systemic diseases such as diabetes mellitus and obesity and occurs mostly in the fifth and sixth decade of life and in males (3). The osteophytes are usually seen in the thoracic, lumbar and cervical vertebrae (97%, 90%, 78%) (4). Most of patients are asymptomatic, dysphagia is the most common symptom due to compression of esophageus by anterior osteophytes at the level of C4-5. Cervical subaxial pain, stiffness and decreasing range of motion of the cervical spine are the other complains (5).
“Cirrhosis is a common cause of death worldwide. In the United States, about 35,000 people die of complications of cirrhosis each year.” (Civan) The liver is an expansive, substantial organ that sits on the correct side of the abdominal cavity. With this in mind, the liver roughly weighs three pounds, is rosy darker in shading and feels rubbery to the touch. Ordinarily, the liver cannot be felt, since it 's ensured by the rib cage, but is the biggest minimized organ in the human body. The liver 's primary activity is to channel the blood originating from the stomach origin, before passing blood to whatever remains of the body.
healthy berries, as well as stunning red and orange fall foliage. TYPES OF BLUEBERRIES TO TRY Lowbush blueberries are native to colder parts of North America. The compact bushes can be grown as an edible hedge or groundcover, even in partial shade, and they bear delicious berries that hold on the plants for a long time. Northern