Diabetic eye disease includes diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma. What is Diabetic Retinopathy? Diabetic retinopathy is one of the complications of diabetes out of tripathy. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels) causes damage to the cells at the back of the eye, known anatomically as, the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of loss of vision.
Diseases of the urinary tract blockages such as stones, tumors, and also causes narrowing of the kidney failure. Kidney failure can also be caused by autoimmune disorders, such as lupus erythematosus. Of the many types of disease-causing, most causes of diabetes mellitus. According to Budiman, 45 percent of sufferers of kidney failure caused by diabetes mellitus, 28 percent by high blood pressure, glomerulonephritis by 9 percent, and 18 percent of other
The loose blood clots can block the artery in the heart and become pulmonary embolism (PE). A pulmonary embolism is dangerous conditions that can lead to fatal because of blood supplies from the heart to the other parts of the body are failed. DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Deep vein thrombosis can be classified to three categories which is idiopathic, acute and chronic. Idiopathic deep vein thrombosis can characterized with usual condition acquired risk factors, such as obesity, trauma, cancer, or surgery. Acute deep vein thrombosis can be seen by pain and swelling.
In addition, diabetic neuropathy is known to have a profound impact on patients sleep, mood, daily activities and quality of life. Therefore, it is very important to establish a proper therapeutic option to prevent or decrease the incidence of diabetic neuropathy. At present there are many drugs used to treat Peripheral Diabetic Neuropathy, but many of these drugs has some side effects such as, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea and
SUMMARYBackground: Ocular trauma is a leading cause of monocular blindness worldwide. Indeveloping countries, eye injuries are not only more common but also more severe in theireffect and this may be attributed to socioeconomic background, inadequate safety measures,lack of optimum treatment facilities, use of traditional eye medication and poor education. Objective: To determine the pattern of eye injuries and their visual outcome in TeachingHospitals in Enugu State.Methods: This prospective cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at the eye clinicsand emergency units of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku/ Ozalla and theEnugu State University of Science and Technology Teaching Hospital, Park Lane
Reverse palmaris longus was first described by Captain John T. Morrison in 1916 as an incidental post amputation finding .It may cause compartment syndrome in the Carpal tunnel and Guyons canal. The patient will present with pain and edema in the wrist region. This is an occupational hazard in people whose work involves repetitive wrist movements as it will result in hypertrophy and cause compression of median nerve and or ulnar nerve. This makes the modern day computer professional particularly vulnerable. Symptomatic patients presenting with a palpable volar swelling should be examined for variations in the palmaris longus.
These blood vessels usually nourish the retina. These blood vessels get blocked which causes irregular new blood vessels to form. Bleeding into the vitreous gel may occur due to these new blood vessels being weak. Retinal detachment may also occur because of these new blood vessels pulling on the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a major cause of visual impairment in middle aged people and visual loss in older people.
The central cord syndrome occurs due to a spinal cord injury. When the person is affected loss of sense and motions of hands and legs is a common symptom. The central cord syndrome occurs due to the damage in the gray matter area of the spinal cord. In spinal stenosis is rare disorder which shows a narrowing of spinal cord in the foramen. It shows symptoms of loss of motor control, pain and paraesthesia.
DEFINITION Paget disease is defined as a disease that involves destruction of abnormal bone. This disease occur when overactivity of osteoclastic and also followed by compensatory of osteoblastic activity that lead to a struture of the bone ( woven bone ). Usually affected skull, pelvis, femur, tibia, and lumbar spine ( http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/334607-overview ) ( http://photos1.blogger.com/blogger/6305/3126/320/paget.jpg ) DISEASE CLASSIFICATION Paget disease is classified as inflammatory disease and congenital disease. Inflammatory disease is
Intestinal ischemia Overview: Intestinal ischemia occurs when the blood vessels that flow bowel contract or block, thereby reducing the blood supply. Ischemia can affect the small intestine or colon, or both. The reduction in blood flow can cause pain and provide permanent injury to the bowel. The acute intestinal ischemia, or quickly stopping the direct circulation to the intestine, is an emergency and requires immediate surgery; that chronic, manifested in time, but must be treated because it can turn into acute or cause severe weight loss and malnutrition. Causes: The intestinal ischemia occurs when the direct circulation to the intestine decreases or stops completely.