Diabetic Literature Review

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CHAPTER 3
3. REVIEW OF SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE
3.1 GLOBAL SCENARIO OF DIABETES The prevalence of type 2 diabetes has increased rapidly all over the world in last two decades. Globally it is estimated to have 592 million diabetics by 2030 . The worldwide prevalence of Diabetes is about 382 million in 2013 and is forecast to rise to 592 million by 2035. In 2013 diabetes causes 5.1 million deaths and 548 billion USD dollars worldwide. It is an enormous burden on human and financial terms. Ninety percent population of diabetes people are Type 2 diabetes . The developing countries with middle to low income levels had 62% of diabetes in 1995 and it is likely to be about 75% by the year 2025. The major percentage being from the Indian subcontinent.
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The diabetic population of India in 2006 was 40.9 million and it is estimated to be 69.9 in 2025 and 80 million in 2030. According to WHO, from diabetes and cardiovascular disease India losses USD$237 in year 2005 to 2015. One-fifth of all adults with diabetes in the world live in the South-East Asia Region.72.1 million or 8.2% of the adult population has found as a diabetes, in which 65.1 million people are from India. In the recent studies found that in 2035 the population of diabetic people will be 123 million that is 10.1% of total adult people. With the 1.1 millions of death, India is contributing one of the largest mortality rates of diabetic in 2013. It has been noted that the age at diagnosis has decreased considerably among the Indian patients. In youth and adolescents the type 2 diabetes has become increasing. The early age shift of development diabetes can cause the long term complications of diabetes at young age. It leads to the severe morbidity and early mortality in the productive years of life. Recent studies from various parts of India showed the further increase the prevalence of diabetes in urban region. In rural area also the prevalence is rapidly increasing, as result of socioeconomic

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