(World Health Organization Diabetes, 2009) (national diabetes fact sheet data Atlanta, 2007) In 2010, global diabetes prevalence among adults aged 20-79 years is estimated at 6.4%, affecting 285 million adults. Between 2010 and 2030, it is expected to rise linearly up to 70% and 20% in developing and developed countries respectively. (Shaw JE et,
Not all countries have Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) and this should change as this treatment helps many HIV- positive patients survive for a longer period. National Perspective: India is the third largest country which has the highest rate of people living with HIV. In India, there are 2.1 million people living with HIV and there have been about 68 000 deaths caused by AIDS, which is the last stage of HIV. Out of 2.1 million people, merely 41% are using antiretroviral therapy (ART). There are many ways of HIV transmission in India but one main source of high transmission rates would be through migration workers and truckers.
You can use that energy for physical exercise, which is another way of developing leaner muscle mass. Reduces some of the effects of Type II diabetes, particularly insulin resistance. The number of people now afflicted with Type II diabetes (diabetes mellitus) is on the rise. According to the World Health Organization, there is an estimated 380 million people who now suffer from the complications of diabetes, 9% of which are adults aged 18 years old and above. In 2012, approximately 1.5 million deaths worldwide were caused by diabetes.
Thus, at the beginning of our era, the world population would be around 250 million inhabitants. At the end of the first millennium of our era, it was estimated at about 300 million people. It is not until the early nineteenth century that the world population reaches 1 billion (around 1800). From the early nineteenth century, the industrial revolution era in Europe, the population (demographic) growth speeds(speeded) up. In the early twentieth century, in 1900, the world population is estimated at 1.613 billion people.This is already a significant (increase, burst) speed of population growth.
There has been a sharp increase in the number of elderly persons between 1991 and 2001 and it has been projected that by the year 2050, the number of elderly people would rise to about 324 million. About 90% of the elderly were from the unorganized sector, i.e., they have no regular source of income. The number of centenarians in India is about 2,00,0001. The size of the elderly rose in absolute terms during the last century from 12 million in 1901 to approximately 71 million in 2001 and is likely to reach 113 million in 2016. As per provisional census of Indian population 2011, the age group of 60+ years is 7.5% and age above 65 years is 5.0% from the total population.
Reduction of infant mortality in children of educated mother was through increased use of maternal and child health (MCH) services (Gokhale MK1, 2002). The literacy level of women in the reproductive age group (15–49 years) in India is just 55%. Illiteracy in mothers doubles the IMR. The rate of antenatal care and institutional delivery is higher in women who are educated (A Chatterjee, 2011). Perhaps the lower incidence of mortality rates in literate women results from a combination of the factors like better assertion of fertility choices, antenatal care, care of the new born and the accessibility to health services.
Census 2011 highlights that over 28.5 million people in India are suffering from one or the other kind of disability. This is equivalent to 2.21% of the entire population of our country. Amongst the total number of disabled people in the country, 14.9 million are males and 11.8 million are females (Census of India, 2011). According to UNICEF, India has 300 million children between 0-14 years of age. On this basis, India may well have 30 million children with one or more of disability.
Based on Global Finance, India is ranked as the sixty-fourth poorest country in the world. Despite not even being on the top twenty of the list, the scars of poverty can clearly be seen across the land of India. The causes and effects of poverty in India are not just disastrous, moreover, it is also a catalyst of misery that affects the lives of the poor in the country. The first cause of poverty in India would be overpopulation. India is said to be the second most populated country after China.
According to this report, in 2015, 2.5 million people died in India due to lung diseases. Lakhs of people are being killed every year in India due to the loss of ozone layer. This figure of death is 13 times higher than Bangladesh and 21 times more than Pakistan. In case of air pollution, the air is much clearer in Bangladesh and Pakistan than in
The worldwide increses of elderly population has also made its impact on Pakistan. Pakistan is also experience an increase in the elderly population with less resources and poor knowledge about aging. A WHO report in 1998 estimated that six percent of our population was over 60, with a likelihood of doubling by 2025. Pakistan is sixth most populous country in the world and is among the 15 countries where people over 60 years are more than 10 million. In developing countries like Pakistan where the elderly is expected to reach 67% of the population by 2020.