The high prevalence of hypertension worldwide has contributed to the present pandemic of cardiovascular disease. World Health Organization South East Asia Region (2013) found that nearly 1.5 million people die due to hypertension making it a leading risk factor for mortality. Hypertension is a term used to describe high blood pressure. Flow of blood is based on the beat of which the heart pumps blood. The pressure of the heart does not stay at the same level at all times.
Sleep apnea is a potentially deadly sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. This disorder tends to go unnoticed, and becomes increasingly prevalent in unsuspecting people-especially if they are alone. There are many ways to become aware of these sleeping conditions, as well as treatments that can assist in keeping the risk lowered. By becoming a standard medical procedure, the disorder will retain a more focused treatment as well as gain more recognition as a serious affliction for people that may suffer. With the complications sleep apnea creates in the body, it is important to be informed and develop an awareness for what may lead to more deadly diseases, such as heart disease.
Sleep deprivation can have a huge impact on various cognitive abilities, from executive functions to simple alertness. (Killgore et al., 2008). As stated sleep deprivation has a lot of negative effects, but this research is going to focus more of the short term and long term effects of sleep
Medication errors are amongst the most common healthcare mistakes and are a frequent source of unfortunate healthcare events in the quality of care. Medication errors lengthen the stay in hospitals, escalate inpatient expenditures, and in the United States cause more than 7,000 deaths yearly. One-third of all medical errors which occur in a hospital are from medication errors. Not all medication errors lead to morbidity or mortality; nonetheless, a relatively elevated prevalence makes the dilemma worth addressing. Each error can cost an estimated $2,000 to $8,750 (Anderson & Townsend, 2015).
In the present scenario, diabetes mellitus is a common and serious health problem that is a threat to people regardless of age with an increasing rates of incidence and mortality. The Philippines is one of the countries with most cases of diabetes mellitus, ranked in the world top 15 with 4 million of its population diagnosed with diabetes and addition of the unknown number of people unaware of their possible condition (IDF, 2015). Diabetes Mellitus can be classified into two categories: Type 1 is insulin-dependent mellitus (IDDM), when the body does not produce any insulin and it is the type of DM common to children and young adults. DM Type 1 accounts for 5-10% of diabetes cases. Type 2 is noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), in which the body does not produce enough insulin or if there is, it is improperly used.
The most serious of which is depression which then branches off into other disorders. Some of the symptoms that he displays include forgetfulness, mood changes, impulsivity, and suicidal thoughts. Those can even branch out into even more detailed disorders such as impulse control disorder, bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, and ADHD. However, luckily for Holden all of these disorders can be helped with medication and
Traditionally, barbiturates were used in the treatment of anxiety, epilepsy, anesthetics, and to induce sleep. However, they have a tendency to cause psychological and physical dependence and there is a fine line between a normal dose and a toxic dose. Nowadays, barbiturates have been largely replaced by safer drugs, although some are still used during surgery or to control seizures. Examples of barbiturates include pentobarbital, phenobarbital, butabarbital, and mephobarbital or Nembutal, luminal, butisol sodium, and mebaral as brand names. Benzodiazepines are a class of agents that work on the central nervous system, acting selectively on gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA-A) receptors in the brain.
Those suffering from restless leg syndrome complain of uncomfortable or painful sensations or urges to move their legs. This sensation does not subside with one resting it out. Bianchi (2013) argued that for other age groups, there are numerous items identified as causes of sleep deprivation. They can range from improper sleep hygiene to circadian rhythm disorders and even to psychophysiological insomnia. (Bianchi, 2013) Technology is one domain that sees growth every day.
Pain, however, is generally difficult to measure because of the different types people feel due to different types of physical or mental pains. One can cope with pain through the locus of control and catastrophizing. Having a high internal locus of control can help patients cope with chronic pain (Gurung, 2013, p 289). For example, if an individual were to have chronic abdominal pain, and strongly believed
With the speech therapist there is usually a discussion of cognition, attention, and focus issues to make sure that the patient does not become out of touch due to a prolonged stay in the hospital. This condition, known as Hospital Induced Delirium, can have detrimental effects on the health and wellbeing of patients. I was surprised to find out that this often results in an increase in long term care admissions. The speech therapist and the occupational therapist collaborate to make sure that the patient has activities that are challenging both physically and mentally in order to ward off this condition. Hospital induced delirium can increase morbidity and even mortality over time.