Age Group: 65-75 Environment: Home Alzheimer’s Disease is a progressive disease, meaning memory loss is mild in the beginning, but it worsens over time to the extent that individuals are unable to have conversations or respond to their surroundings. A group of brain disorders that causes the loss of intellectual and social skills brain cells degenerate and die causing a steady decline in the memory and mental function. The likelihood of having Alzheimer’s increases tremendously after the age of 70. There are no genetic risk factors and Alzheimer’s disease is more prevalent in African Americans and Hispanics. Some of the problems of this disease is: Memory lapses ADL’s Medication management Social participation Inability to remember recent
Alzheimer’s disease is caused by the low levels of concentration of neurotransmitter acetylcholine which aids in neurotransmission as a chemical messenger due to the two hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease which are the accumulation of beta amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. There is yet for a cure to be found for Alzheimer’s disease however the use of the drug Rivastigmine has been verified to help relieve the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease by inhibiting the enzyme acetylcholinesterase so that the neurotransmitter acetylcholine is not
Acetylcholine normally transmits signals between nerves and muscles, so when its receptors are destroyed it cannot induce muscle contractions. No cure for the disease yet exists. Treatment of MG is based on four different options which take different amounts of time before muscular weakness will improve ,improvement of neuromuscular transmission by acetylcholine esterase inhibitors, e.g. pyridostigmine .treatment of acute exacerbations (plasmapheresis, immunoadsorption, intravenous immunoglobulin) • immunosuppression , thymectomy. but it can be treated with drugs, called anticholinesterases, that inhibit an enzyme, acetylcholinesterase, that breaks down acetylcholine in the body leads to increase muscular strengthens inhibitors do not cure diseases only symptomatic relief.
Finally, the vegetative state can be a as a result of progressive brain damage. This is a situation where the brain gets damaged gradually as a result of diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s disease or a brain tumour and eventually leads to the individual going into a vegetative state (Gosseries et al, 2011). Categories of the Vegetative stage There are two categories of the vegetative state depending on the length that the patient has been in the state. The two categories are the following: i. Continuing/ persistent vegetative
When it comes to effectiveness, ECT works more often, more quickly, and more thoroughly than any other treatment option available to those who suffer many brain illnesses. ECT starts working in one to two weeks, versus medication therapies that can take six to eight weeks. The faster that a treatment works, the sooner patients can start rebuilding their lives. Quick treatment can improve quality of life; halt the damage to diminish financial challenges. Patients experience less dementia, or cognition decline, than individuals with untreated brain illness.
Dementia is not a specific illness. It 's an overall term that describes a range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to cut a person 's ability to do everyday activities. Alzheimer disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases. Vascular dementia, which occurs after a stroke, is the second most common dementia type. Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as "senility" or "senile dementia," which reflects the formerly widespread but incorrect belief that serious mental decline is a normal part of aging.
According to a site that specializes in providing information about dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, states that “Dementia is a general term for loss of memory and other mental abilities severe enough to interfere with daily life. It is caused by physical changes in the brain.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Whereas Alzheimer’s is a “Type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior.” (Alzheimer’s Association) Generally speaking, one could imagine
One of those comorbidities is dementia. According to Alzheimer’s Association’s alz.org article, Dementia is associated with decline in memory or other thinking skills that causes a person to lose his or her independence in activity of daily living such ability to walk or eat independently. Deterioration of physical and cognitive functions is an unavoidable progression of dementia. Yet the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services allows an automatic 100 days of Medicare Part A coverage to prolong their beneficiaries’ lives without medical necessity or reasonable benefit in skilled nursing facility
Senile Dementia is a form of intellectual impairment observed in the elderly.Ten percent of people above the age of sixty-five have this disease.This causes people to forget items,people, and their lives.There are 4 types of remembering recollection,recall,recognition, and relearning which are all affected by Senile Dementia. Around 47 million people around the world suffer from this with ten-million of diagnosis being made each year. The Limbic System is the part of the brain responsible for emotional expression,seizure expression, and memory storage along with recall.This part of the brain is affected by dementia.There are five stages of memory, memory begins when information from the senses, such as a whiff or sound arrives in the
Along with this their movements slow down, and they might also lose their sense of smell. In some cases they might suffer from sleep disorders, depression, constipation. In later stages dementia, which, according to Google Definitions, is defined as a chronic or persistent disorder of the mental processes caused by brain disease or injury and marked by memory disorders, personality changes, and impaired reasoning. Dementia might occur as the disease spreads out to involve other nerve cells. To this day scientists still don’t know for sure what causes Parkinson’s disease.