What a child sees can affect them in many ways. Exposure to interparental violence has been associated with the tendencies to worry in children. Consequently, children's anxiety is also affected by interparental violence and conflict. Additionally, interparental violence has been, linked to both internalizing and externalizing problems(Kelley 1025). Internalizing problems are negative behaviors and low self-esteem.
Social anxiety disrupts the socializing methods of people due to the fear of being humiliated or rejected. Comparing this to social anhedonia (diminished approach drive), social anxiety is when the drive is present but the individual is reluctant to approach social situations. (Leslie H. Brown,
Continual Anxiety and Fear Can Influence a Child’s Development By John Reed PSY 121-1 Developmental Psychology October 3, 2015 Many if not all children at some point experience fears in their childhood; such fears might include fear of monsters, of the dark, strangers, and creepy crawlies. In developmental psychology these fears are normal parts of children’s progression as they age and are usually temporary. On the hand, when there are circumstances that are dangerous and constantly causing fear and anxiety they can foresee crucial long-term risks that can have detrimental issues on a child. Many factors can cause anxiety and fear in children - some of these would include emotional, sexual and physical abuse; the constant threat
Introduction The years of adolescence is a challenging time for many families because the adolescence years are the times when young people start to develop a system of values, try to find a sense where they belong, and explore into beliefs that are different from their parents. Many adolescents struggle with depression and anxiety and substance abuse because adolescents are more susceptible to different types of pressure. These pressures are due to their surroundings, family, and friends. Adolescents are at an age in which they are vulnerable. Being this vulnerable can lead them down into crossroads while trying to find out who they are, their purpose and where they belong.
1.3 Explain the impact of adolescent development on a young persons thoughts, feelings and behaviours. During puberty the body will go through many changes and a young person will start to become more aware of their body and their personal appearance. As they go through these changes a young person will also try to find their identity but still want to fit in with their peers which may have an influence on their likes and dislikes. They will also become more sensitive to their feelings being highly emotional/upset or easily frustrated over minor issues. These emotional changes also cause mood swings resulting in young people becoming irritable or moody at times and not wanting to converse, this is also due to the hormonal changes
They may have conflicts with siblings or playmates. There may be repeated loss of or damage to personal belongings and unexplained injuries. Evidence from literature suggests that targets of bullies may experience adverse socio emotional growth. They may be anxious, depressed, isolate themselves from peers and avoid schools (Berthold& Hoover, 2005; Slee, 1994; Walker, Ramsey & Cresham, 2005). Moreover, it can even affect the entire school population and create an environment of fear which may disrupt academic learning (Whitted & Dupper, 2005).
The National Child Traumatic Stress Network says that "traumatized children can exhibit a wide variety of symptoms, including symptoms that are more difficult to observe (such as revenge fantasies, withdrawal, and isolation) and symptoms that are easier to observe (such as acting out and aggression). Symptoms often differ based on the age and developmental stage of the child. Traumatized children are more likely than other children to exhibit a wide range of adverse health behaviors that can impact their everyday life”. Something that we have to consider is that any number of things in a school setting can trigger these types of behavior. It can be caused by being bullied, physical contact by another peer or older adult, or even something as simple as a certain, sound, touch, smell, or taste.
2.2 Describe the impact of prejudice and discrimination on children and young people An environment of prejudice and discrimination will have a very negative impact on children. It will impact on emotional development, it could affect their confidence, low self of steam, they might find it hard to make friends, might make them feel angry and confused. This could also affect their education and progress and their wellbeing. 2.3 Assess how own attitudes, values and behaviour could impact on work with children and young
2) Biological causes- A structure in the brain called Amygdala which plays a role in fear response. Research suggests that people with extreme activity in this part of the brain have heightened fear response, which includes panicking in social situations. Serotonin imbalance may also have the same outcome. 3) Environmental causes- Besides being learned behaviour that runs in the family; Social Anxiety Disorder is also related to extremely strict, controlling or protective parenting. A few common symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder are as
Impact of sexual abuse on children David Finkelhor and Angela Browne came up with a model where they suggested a conceptualization of the impact of sexual abuse. They came up with a four trauma causing factors which included traumatic sexualization, betrayal, powerlessness and stigmatization. The dynamics altered children’s cognitive and emotional orientation to the world. The dynamic of stigmatization tend to distort children’s sense of self worth and value, powerlessness distorts a child’s ability to control their lives, thus these distortions may result in some of the behavioral problems commonly seen in victims of child sexual abuse. (Finkelhor & Browne, 1985) 2.4.1Traumatic sexualization This refers to the development in which a child’s