Chemotherapy, which involves the use of Sorafenib (Nexavar), a drug used to treat aggressive or metastatic thyroid cancer that is not responsive to radioactive iodine therapy. Possible side effects include diarrhea, weight loss, fatigue, high blood pressure, and skin rash. Other Ways of Coping with Hurthle Cell Carcinoma Treatment for Hurthle cell carcinoma can be frightening and challenging. Here are some tips to help you cope with the disease: • Discuss your feelings with a family member or friend or join a support group for cancer patients and families. • Accept help from other people.
Apart from the self-renewal capability, the use of stem cells may reduce the need for repetitive administrations. There are several reasons for the use of stem cells in gene therapy, first being that they can readily be removed from the body. Even though the cells are present in small numbers, they can be removed from the bone marrow of adults, or via circulating blood or the umbilical cord blood of neonatal children. Furthermore, stem cells can be easily detected and controlled in the lab before being injected back into the patients. Hematopoietic stem cells have the ability to produce numerous types of blood cells including natural killer cells, T and B lympohyctes, macrophages, monocytes, megakaryocytes, granulocytes, eosinophils and basophils.
Radionuclide Imaging Radionuclide imaging is a process of scanning body using the elements that emit radiations. They are mixed with the chemical compounds, and these compounds get concentrated in the parts of body which are infected or the diseased areas of the body. The device known as GAMMA CAMERA produces an image to locate the Radionuclide particle. It is a technique of imaging the parts of body like various organs, bones, brain, etc. by using small doses of radioactive chemical particles which depends on the part of body is introduced for scanning.
ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA If a doctor insists that a patient has leukaemia, more drafted measures should be taken into consideration. Measures which include the use of samples taken from the blood because it is not often the case where signs and symptoms might suggest that the patient have leukaemia, other measures include the results of the physical exam made by the doctor and the samples of cells from the blood, the bone marrow and the spinal fluid. DIAGNOSIS Before a patient can be diagnosed with AML, a few tests should be done especially those of the bone marrow and spinal fluid. SAMPLES (This is the beginning of the diagnosis) Blood samples are taken from the vein of the arm by an injection. Bone marrow samples are taken in two different
In spectroscopy the emitted or absorbed radiation is split into the various frequency components and the intensity is measured by means of an instrument called a spectrometer. The resultant spectrum is usually a graph of intensity of emitted or absorbed radiation versus wavelength or frequency. The spectra used in spectroscopy varies from ultra-violet, visible, infra red ranges. The wavelength range for the three spectra are 0-400, 400-700 and above. In short, spectroscopy use to gain insight into the structure of molecules or the concentration of atoms or molecules in a sample.
Hypothalamus and pituitary gland Hamartomas, although rare, are non-neoplastic tumors that arise in the hypothalamus and cause devastating consequences, such as seizures, cognitive impairment, behavioral and emotional troubles, hormonal imbalances and early puberty. Surgical removal of the tumor is warranted and surgeons take advantage of the physiological gap between the hemispheres of the brain to gain access to the tumor and remove it. Another less invasive approach is the use of laser generated stereotactic thermo-ablation, which uses light energy to destroy the tumor and surrounding damaged tissue. Likewise, a gamma knife may be used to
During simulation, detailed imaging scans show the location of a patient’s tumor and the normal areas around it. These scans are usually computed tomography (CT) scans, but they can also include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), and ultrasound scans. After simulation, the radiation oncologist then determines the exact area that will be treated, the total radiation dose that will be delivered to the tumor, how much dose will be allowed for the normal tissues around the tumor, and the safest angles (paths) for radiation delivery. Radiation can come from a machine outside the body which is called as external-beam radiation therapy or from radioactive material placed in the body near cancer cells which known as internal radiation therapy. Radiation therapy can cause both acute and chronic side effects.
This paper accounts to unfold the different dimensions of quantum mechanics as well as it tries to throw light on the different theories regarding nuclear physics. Special care has been taken to enlighten on the use of nuclear physics in the field of medical science and modern health care. To meet the energy need of today we need an alternative source which should be perfect from each and every angle and that could be done by the blessings of nuclear physics that is by virtue of the nucleosynthesis. It has efforts to clarify the concepts and possibilities regarding the nuclear fission and fusion phenomena. Here efforts have been taken to give a clear concept of the structure of the atom and the nucleus especially.
This may also require an injection of dye. CT scans have virtually replaced pyelogram and ultrasound as a tool for diagnosing kidney cancer. • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) uses strong magnets and radio waves to create detailed images of soft tissues in your body. You may need an injection of a contrast agent to create better pictures. • Renal arteriogram: This test is used to evaluate the blood supply to the tumor.
In magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography, the MRCP uses magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a noninvasive procedure that produces cross-section images of parts of the body. After being lightly sedated, the patient lies in a cylinder looking tube. The technician injects dye into the patient’s veins, which helps show the pancreas, gallbladder, pancreatic and bile ducts. This is another sensitive test for evaluating the causes of acute pancreatitis. And in a computerized tomography, it is used as a noninvasive radiograph that produces 3 dimensional images of parts of the