Dialectal Arabic Vs. Hadhramaut Assaahal

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Arabic is a Semitic language which is spoken by more than 200 million people. It is spoken in Arab countries in the Middle East and North Africa. Arabic language is the language of the Holy Book “Quran” and because Arabic is the language of the Holy Book, the various modern dialects of Arabic spoken in the Arab countries such as Jordanian Arabic, Syrian Arabic, Yemeni Arabic and Iraqi Arabic have not fallen apart into distinct languages. Dialectal Arabic is spoken as a mother tongue in the Arabic countries (Yeou et al., 2007). There are three different forms of Arabic: Classical Arabic (the language of the Holy Book), Modern Standard Arabic (it is used for education and media) and Dialectal Arabic (it is spoken as a mother tongue in the Arabic…show more content…
The term Hadhrami Yemeni Arabic that I use in this study refers only to Hadhramaut Alwaadii because there are different varieties of HYA; i.e. Hadhramaut Alwaadii (the valley region) and Hadhramaut Assaahal (the coastal region). There are some phonological and lexical differences between Hadhramaut Alwaadii and Hadhramaut Assaahal. One of the differences between the two varieties of HYA is that Hadhramaut Assaahal is characterized by allowing consonant clusters word initially by deleting the vowel of the first syllable, while Hadhramaut Alwaadii does not allow consonant cluster. For example, in Modern Standard Arabic, the word /basal/ is pronounced as /bsal/ in Hadhramaut Assaahal, while Hadhramaut Alwaadii it is pronounced as /basal/. In addition, Hadhramaut Alwaadii is characterised by pronouncing the voiced palatal plosive /g/ as the semi-vowel (j) while Hadhramaut Assaahal is characterised by pronouncing the voiced palatal plosive /g/ as the alveolar affricate /dʒ/. In addition, Hadhramaut Alwaadii does not allow the final consonant clusters to occur in the final positions of the word. For example, in Modern Standard Arabic /bint/ is pronounced as /binit/ in HYA, whereas Hadhramaut Assaahal allows final consonant clusters. Thus, the native speakers of Hadhramaut Assaahal pronounce the word /bint/ as it’s pronounced in MSA. The data of this study has been recorded from the researcher’s friends and their families who are staying in Hyderabad, India. The native speakers of HYA belong to Hadhramaut Alwaadii; the other variety spoken in Hadhramaut province is excluded from this study. Thus, Hadhrami Yemeni Arabic in Hadhramaut province is used as a medium of communication between the inhabitants of Hadhramaut and Standard Arabic is the language for official purposes as well as religious sermons (for more details on Hadhramaut Alwaadii see Al-Saqqaf

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