Dialectical Behavior Therapy: Empirical Study

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Dialectical behavior therapy is a comprehensive treatment combining “individual psychotherapy, group skills training, telephone coaching, and a therapist consultation team” (Lineham & Wilks, 2015) which was originally developed by Dr. Marsha Linehan for clients who were highly suicidal. Based on empirical studies, this paper will review the effectiveness of dialectical behavior therapy treatment within various disorders; borderline personality disorder and suicidal and self-harming behaviors, posttraumatic stress disorder, eating disorders, as well as a brief study of using dialectical behavior therapy to treat adolescents with substance use disorder. Review of Empirical Studies Borderline Personality Disorder The majority of available research…show more content…
Gutteling et al. (2012) stated that the study results of this study were promising; with outcome measures such as less anxiety and suicidal thoughts than the baseline measurements, it was concluded that group dialectical behavior therapy is effective in lessening borderline symptoms, despite the client lacking a clinical diagnosis of borderline personality disorder. Two studies measuring clinical outcomes and functioning over one and two years (McMain et al., 2009; McMain, Guimond, Streiner, Cardish & Links, 2012) compared efficacy of dialectical behavior therapy and general psychiatric management for clients with borderline personality disorder, in which clients were found to benefit from therapy, reporting reduced frequency in suicidal episodes and improvement in general psychiatric symptoms. However, participants who received individualized psychiatric treatment instead of dialectical behavior therapy also showed major…show more content…
While treatment outcomes have been successful, a great majority of the studies focus on a limited population focus, of which most do not include male participants at all. According to the American Psychiatric Association (2013), females make up 75% of the population diagnosed with borderline personality disorder. However, 25% is still a significant number of males that could benefit from the same empirical studies of dialectical behavior therapy for treatment of borderline personality disorder. Likewise, researching the treatment across different cultures of clients with borderline personality disorder could also be
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