2006). Later on Schaller et al. (1988) conducted a research in Qinghai and Gansu Provinces in China, total of 650 snow leopard individuals were estimated in Qinghai province, distributed over an area of 65,000 km2. Blue sheep was found to be the principle prey species with density of 1-5/ km2. The diet of snow leopard contained primarily the wild ungulates (30-45%) with blue sheep remains found highest followed by Himalayan
It is characterised by severe deformities in newborn calves, which are born with twisted rear legs with missing tibias (shin bones) and fused joints, large abdominal hernias, and often skull deformities. They cannot stand to suckle and must be destroyed. All the affected animals descend from a single individual. The gene involved is recessive: the disease occurs only when homozygous (two copies of the gene are present); heterozygous (carrier) animals show no symptoms, but are likely to be much more widespread in the population than affected animals. Today, the breed is found mainly in English-speaking countries, and Southern South America.
But the Department of Health and Human Services for Minority Health reports a rate of Type II Diabetes among Native Americans to average around 16%- and this is an average of many tribes throughout the US. For example, in some tribes, like the Pima Indian tribe of Arizona, the rate of Type II Diabetes is 50%. In addition, there is a rising rate of obesity in the Native American population with approximately a 33% rate of obesity across all tribes in the US. (Food Safety News, March 5, 2012 and Health and Human Services’ Office of Minority Health Data 2002). Although many Native Americans lost access to their traditional nutrition when moved to Reservations, the significant change in the rate of obesity and diabetes did not seem to appear until after World War II.
An example of a low income family that could benefit from these services is a Latino Agricultural worker. Poorer health among these farm workers and their children have been proven. Higher mortality rates have also been recognized among the children in these communities. Many of these children have vitamin deficiencies, which can contribute to infection rates. A lack of independent means of transportation, knowledge, and demand of their jobs played a factor in the high mortality rates.
While a prevalence of 10 per cent LBW babies has been reported for the privileged high socio-economic class, nearly 56 per cent birth were classified as LBW for the poor urban slum community347. In a study conducted in slums of Kolkata, prevalence of LBW was reported as 28.6 per cent348. In Trivandrum out of 3835 singleton newborns studied for anthropometric indices at birth, 15 per cent were low-birth weight. Mean birth weight increased with increases in maternal socioeconomic status 349. CAUSES OF LOW BIRTH WEIGHT Although pre-term deliveries and intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) are the usual causes of small-for-age infants, individual size differences among newborns who are neither growth-retarded nor preterm have also been
The study was done on a representative sample of 630 individuals belonging to low socio-economic strata residing in rural India. This study was especially focused on low socio-economic people as these people have a higher prevalence of oral disease,12 often experience dental pain, and they frequently face financial as well as other barriers to private dental practice.13 In this study Pareek scale was utilized to measure SES of the family, which is a widely used classification for rural population in India. It is simple to implement and possess a good reliability.9 The key finding of this study is that dental pain affects a significant proportion of this population and it has forced the participants to use a number of self-care
Not only does it affect their physical shape but also it causes a discomfort in their daily activities and diseases could be found. A study was found that scientists injected genes from bacteria known as archaea into cells and then into cow embryos using the technique used to clone dolly sheep. Five calves were born were born and three were found to carry genes with low lactose milk while two of them died. When manipulating cows to have desired traits its probable they will die or have a mutation. Focusing on the good benefits artificial selection brings is that cows will make more milk and beef for the benefit of humans to have more quantity.
Increased malnutrition is caused by poor diversification of diets such as relying too much on starchy staples. Thus, the consumption of a variety of foods is important for positive health. Malnutrition can be reduced by the consumption of diets having animal sources, vitamin-rich fruits and vegetables as well as nutrient-rich legumes (Arimond and Ruel, 2004; Thompson and Amoroso, 2011). According to the FAO, IFAD and WFP, (2015) about 800 million people do not have sufficient access to calories. A low intake of vitamins and minerals causes about 2 billion people all over the world to suffer from micronutrient malnutrition (IFPRI, 2014).
It is responsible for 70% of economic losses and has a prominent place amongst the factors that limit milk production (Heleili et al., 2012). In Bangladesh, the annual economic losses occur due to reduced milk production alone caused by SCM have been estimated to be Taka 122.6 (US $ 2.11) million (Kader et al., 2003). Besides causing huge losses to milk production, the sub-clinically affected animals remain a continuous source of infection to other herd
INTRODUCTION Purified water is essential for living a healthy life as such everyone should have access to it. Drinking water conditions have great impacts on people especially in the rural and remote areas where access to safe drinking water is very important. Drinking untreated water may cause to fatal diseases. Statistics shows that these diseases resulted in ninety percent of all deaths of children under five years old in developing countries, due to low immunization of children to infection. Most of the people in the rural areas are not able enough to use water filters or buy mineral water bottles.
The infant mortality rate is 104.34 deaths/1,000 live births, I found this an interesting fact because it is sad and good to share this struggle how not all countries have as great medical attention as we do. In 2011-2012 there was a bad harvest which caused food stocks to be lower than usual. The farmers couldn 't meet their food needs without help. The low food levels then affects the stock breeders due to the feed balance deficit. This shortage makes it difficult for breeders to sell their livestock because nobody wants to come forth and buy it.
Callaghan (2015) highlighted that asylum seekers are mainly known as a group of people who has complex health and social care needs in the ward. This could be linked to lack of deprive healthy lifestyle information or understanding due to higher level of non English speaking population in the ward. Dahlgren and Whitehead (1991) highlighted those most influencing factors on people’s health can be classed into physical, behavioural factors, biological, social and environment. For example life style choices such as smoking can be avoided whiles biological factors such as cancer is past people’s control. In addition Liz (2015), found that 71% of the people in the ward suffer poor health such as respiratory and diabetes whiles 46% are affected by mental health illness compared to overall Leeds 12%.
The Shorthorn cattle breed, originated from England in the late 18th century, has a dual-purpose, the breed can be used for both beef and dairy. They were imported to the United States around 1870’s (Cattle.com), and there are usually around 20,000 Shorthorns registered every year. They are known for being great mothers to their calves (Cattle.com). Supposedly, the only problem with owning this breed of cattle is that they are plagued by the TH disease. A very known breed of cattle to ordinary Americans, is the Texas Longhorn.
2.4 Needle-stick Incidents (NSIs) Nurses are the most risk of needle-stick incident compared to other healthcare workers. In fact, nurses tend to be exposed 4.27 times more often than physicians. A study in Pakistan revealed that in addition to very high rates of NSIs, low safety practices including inadequate vaccination coverage, unavailability of infection control guidelines and other preventive facilities were reported. Other studies found that injuries from contaminated needles and other sharp devices used in healthcare settings have been associated with transmission of more than 20 different blood borne pathogens to nurses such as hepatitis B and HIV .In Gaza strip, a study conducted by Eljedi reported that 66% of health care workers
More than half a million children suffer from vitamin A deficiency, which cripples young immune systems. Inadequate supplements of vitamin A can lower child mortality rate by more than one-fifth” (“Heath of African,” par. 6). This disease has become an extreme problem for children because it can alter their growth and also ruin their immune system. With their health rates decreasing, children are more likely to become sick.