Diarrhoea Lab Report

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Title : THERAPEUCTIC MEAL MODIFICATION
(CLASS XII) Session Time 2.30 Hours
(150 Minutes) Expected Previous knowledge:
• Meaning of the term therapeutic modification.
• different ways of therapeutic modification of normal diet with respect to consistency, frequency, foodstuffs, nutrients and method of cooking.
• physiological changes and clinical symptoms of ailments diarrhoea, fever and constipation.
• Modification of normal meals by keeping in mind dietary requirement of diarrhoea, fever and constipation.

Life Skills empowered: Critical thinking
Creative thinking

Introduction:

It is believed that some changes in meal can play an important role in maintaining good health and prevent and cure some diseases. Family members
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While modifying family meals to therapeutic meal requirement of particular disease must be kept in mind, what type food to be included or excluded should be considered.

RECAPITULATION-

1.Identify the symptoms of diarrhoea and fever.
2.Why green leafy vegetables should not be served to diarrhoea patient?
3.Suggest two each semi solid and soft diet for 2 year old child having fever.
4.Give four dietary recommendations for constipation patients.

FACT FILES

CONTENT 1.1 THERAPEUTIC MEAL MODIFICATION
 A therapeutic diet is a meal plan that controls the intake of certain foods or nutrients .
 It’s a practice followed in many hospitals as part of the treatment of a medical condition and are normally prescribed by a physician and planned by a dietician.
• SA therapeutic diet is usually a modification of a regular diet.
The normal diet may be modified with respect to-
 consistency – Liquid diet, semi solid, soft diet
 frequency
 foodstuffs
 nutrients
 methods of cooking

TYPE OF MODIFICATION FEATURES EXAMPLES RECOMMENDED FOR FOLLOWING CONDITIONS
1.CONSISTENCY
a)Liquid Diet Foods that are liquid at room
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Stewed fruits,cookedvegetables,bread,boiledrice,boileddal,etc. Patient with weak digestive system like in diarrhoea.
2.FREQUENCY Small amount of food at interval of 2-3 hours. 8 to 10 small meals in a day instead of 3to 4 meals Infants
Pregnant Woman

3.FOOD STUFF
Foods implicated with allergies are strictly eliminated from the diet. Intolerance to lactose (milk sugar) ,gluten protein (found in wheat flour),eggs because of a decreased amount of an enzyme in the body.

People with specific food intolerance.
4.NUTRIENTS
Modification or change in the nutrient composition of the diet to increase or decrease the availability of nutrients to suit the body requirements / limitations of a person. High or low calorie diet,high protein diet,low sodium diet,etc. Person having Hypertension(low sodium diet)/Diabeties(high protein and low carbohydrate diet)

5.METHOD OF COOKING Adopting cooking methods such as baking,grilling,steaming

Food has less oil and spices Fried paneer to grilled paneer,Vegetable biryani to steamed vegetable pulao,etc. Person recovering from

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