INTRODUCTION During the last decade, exilic and diasporic discourses have emerged in relation to contemporary examinations of the nation and postcolonial migration within cultural criticism, resulting in shifting definitions and usages of the terms. With an increasing critique of the racialized formation of national identity, scholars in such diverse fields as feminist, postcolonial and cultural studies have questioned the rooted, static, and sedentary logic of modernity. Challenging narratives of purity and rootedness, diasporic discourses are positioned to dismantle nationalist constructions of belonging, linking body and space in seamless tales of blood and family with land and territory. While diaspora also emerges in
At this point, many people would have given up, but Anu did not. When Anu was not learning many new things in the classroom she would be studying long nights at the local library. She also did not have many people to help her on the long nights to motivate her. But Anu bravely decided that she had to persevere through these hardships. Anu also had to raise two children and at home and had to go to the library at night to study.
Diaspora majorly concerns alienation, marginalization, race, identity crisis and nostalgia. As Stuart Hall suggests that cultural identities are constantly evolved and developed and are transformed: “The Diaspora experience as I intend it here is defined, not by essence or purity, but by the recognition of a necessary heterogeneity and diversity; by a conception of ‘identity’ which lives with and through, not despite difference, by hybridity. Diaspora identities are those which are constantly producing and reproducing themselves anew, through transformation and difference” (235). The first hand experience by Bharati Mukharjee in Jasmine enables her to delve into the mind of the readers and to explain the emotions of a migrant who has to go through during the tenure of migration. Bharati Mukherjee in her novel JASMINE interweaves the themes of cross
They should be studied within a world that consists of complicated entanglements, where boundaries and borders are fluid rather than rigid. Moreover, they argued that the diasporic consciousness is not only constituted by negative, but also by positive experiences. Scholars like James Clifford, Stuart Hall and Homi Bhabha argued for an understanding of identities as processes rather than fixed entities. In the light of this perspective, the understanding of diaspora shifted from being seen as something fixed, to being understood as a process itself: “a number of diasporas commonly mutate in different phases of their migratory history”. Cohen argues that social constructionist criticism also led to the disentanglement of concepts of home, homeland and diaspora.
The novel is a kind of cosmopolitan fiction as observed by Thomas Peyser as it "takes as it subjects those phenomena such as pervasive cosmopolitanism, transnational group affiliations , international flow of capital cultural hybridity, the increasing mobility of workers across the sovereign nations" (How Global is it: Walter Abish and the Fiction of Globalization, 240 ). By analyzing The Remains of the Day it aims to display how an over generalized identity in cosmopolitanism appears and its connection to a process of globalization , the consequences of this sort of cosmopolitanism and the ethical complexity which push the protagonist to question , ultimately bury their own transnational
At the heart of a person‘s life lies the struggle to define his self, to make sense of who he is? Diaspora represents the settling as well as unsettling process. While redesigning the geopolitical boundaries, cultural patterns, it has also reshaped the identities of the immigrants with new challenges confronting the immigrant in negotiating his identity. Diaspora becomes a site where past is given a new meaning and is preserved out of intense nostalgia and longing. The novel The Reluctant Fundamentalist by Mohsin Hamid is significant in its treatment of the issues faced by immigrants in the diaspora.
ABSTRACT Amitav Ghosh’s novel River of Smoke belongs to the category of the historical novel. With the help of various narrative schemes, Amitav Ghosh in this novel has re-written past that covers the phase of opium trafficking in Canton, in 1838. The story is about the conflict of Manchu Empire against the English Realm who made war on China for the sake of organised commerce. Ghosh has re-concocted past through utilising distinctive narratological mechanism while displaying the personal past with nation’s past. He uses consciousness, interior monologue, reliable and valid voices of chronicled personals, authentic documentation, decrees, Canton journals, Hukamnamas, declarations, interpreters, letters, painting and drawings and so forth to
It is noteworthy that Anand’s heroes are either educated men or lovers of learning which is an important issue in his novels. EventhoughBakha of ‘Untouchable’ and Munoo of ‘Coolie’ are uneducated heroes, they have the love of learning and the passion for education. Bakha is fascinated by yellow uniform, the master’s wand, his vigilant scrunity over his words and the monitor’s exercise of control as in a delectable dream because he is banned from all these. When he realizes that his education at school is impossible, he begins his self education. As this proves to be a very slow process, heinfluenced a little caste Hindu boy to give him lesson at an anna per lesson everyday.
How are imperial representations received and appropriated by the periphery? How does transculturation occur from the periphery to the metropolis? How does the periphery determine the metropolis? Transculturation is a phenomenon of contact zones, or rather, “social spaces where disparate cultures meet, clash, and grapple with each other, often in highly asymmetrical relations of dominationand subordination - like colonialism, slavery, or their aftermaths as they are lived out across the globe today” (Pratt, 1992, p. 4). It is therefore in contact zones that people who are geographically and
Amitav Ghosh is one of the most widely known Indian writers in English today. The Circle of Reason (1986) traces Alu’s journey across two continents. It is an exceptional novel by one of India’s most celebrated writers in English in which the normal and the abnormal, the ordinary and the extraordinary, illusions and reality, resignation and desire are all touched up. The Apprentice (1974) is a fine example of a cute alilentation from self. The Last Labyrinth (1981) describes the inner lilfe within the underworld divided against itself.