The political cartoon I picked was created by Joseph E. Baker an American artist.He was born in 1837 in Maine. He was an apprentice at first for John H. Buford lithography. Though after Buford death in 1970, Joseph Baker worked for Forbes & Company, where he made playbills and advertisement. Through his life he created several works during the civil war. He was most remembered for his work of Abraham Lincoln..
In the Progressive Era, there were many problems that the American people faced. America was broken, unjust, and cruel during that era. The people became acocomuomed to the corruption, horrible living conditions,and terrible working and safety conditions. The vast number of problems; however, were solved by what we call-- muckrakers, who then with the help of others came to bring about a new laws.
Skilled and unskilled workers, farmers and reformers banded together to fight big businesses for rights, fair wages, and eight hour work days. One of these includes the National Labor Union, the first national labor union in the United States. Another example of big business’ impact on economy is Standard Oil. John D. Rockefeller controlled nearly all of the oil industry in the United States due to his use of the horizontal integration. The Standard Oil monopoly, much like other big businesses, used ruthless tactics to put their competitors out of business. Document 7 describes this tactic in the words of George Rice, “Standard Oil Company was offering the same quality of oil at much lower prices than I could do – from one to three cents a gallon less than I could possibly sell it for.” By selling oil for cheaper, Rockefeller secured himself as the leader in the oil business; he used this to then buy out other businesses to gain total control. This resulted in the destruction of nearly all other oil companies, therefore leaving the country reliant on Standard Oil. According to this document, the railroad
The late 19th century was full of growth, production, and business. People were craving power and seemed to achieve this through any means necessary. Consequently, a new business elite formed consisting of the richest men alive. The way in which these individuals acquired all their profits is something very contradictory even over one-hundred years later. Some historians characterize these businessmen as “robber barons” who used extreme methods to control and concentrate wealth and power, and being supported by multiple sources, this statement is justified but only to some extent.
Thesis : After the Civil War, America was in a post-war boom. During the 1870-1890, big business moguls, such as Rockefeller and Carnegie, create huge corporations which not only affected the economy, but also affected the political realm of America. While many may assume that during the rise of these big business helped to change the economy and politics, the real focus was on the responses formed by society, such as labor unions, increase public outcry, and political opposition groups that helped to change society.
Also, the people in power possessed gluttonous qualities. Tweed serves as an example of someone who was greedy when it came to money, and did whatever it took to obtain it. Document A (“Boss Tweed as Moneybag”) depicts Tweed with a bag of money as a head, which shows how he let money control his actions as a person with power. This is also shown in Document G (“New York City’s Courthouse”); it shows how Tweed gained his wealth through stealing the public’s money. Once these cartoons were published, citizens became well-informed about the corruption of their government.
Ida Tarbell became one of the most influential muckrakers of the Gilded age. Ida Tarbell was born in 1857 in western Pennsylvania 's oil region. Her town of Titusville and encompassing territories in the oil river valley had been created into a prosperous industry.Then suddenly this town received a detrimental blow. That blow originated from the South Improvement Company, an enterprise established in 1871 and generally viewed as an exertion by Rockefeller and Standard Oil in Ohio to control the oil and gas ventures in that district.The three top railroads that ran through Cleveland agreed to raise their shipping fees while paying rebates to Rockefeller .Small oil refiners were hurt from these brutal tactics and Ida decided to write “ The History Of Standard Oil Company” which exposed these harsh business practices
As industry exponentially grew after the Civil War, the need for labor and materials to power newly-created manufacturing giants caused new social classes to form: the rich corporation owners and the poor laborers. Unfathomably rich Robber Barons, or plutocratic American Capitalists, dominated the economy and industry and profited from the slave-like work of millions of poor laborers during this time period. Moreover, the poor working class and the rich further divided by distribution of wealth. Therefore, exploitation of capitalism widened the gap between the rich and poor classes of America, and both newly-formed classes developed reasons for the change.
As our country reached the late 1800’s, Americans found themselves face to face with era known as the ‘Gilded Age’. Companies were created and grew rapidly during this time period. Some of the most famous entrepreneurs were John D. Rockefeller and Andrew Carnegie, who seemed to be the perfect models for the ‘rags to riches’ story. Many people debate which entrepreneur was a better role-model. Due to his low prices, the high demand for his products, and the way he sought to eliminate any possible competition, John D. Rockefeller is clearly the better role-model for today’s entrepreneurs.
By the early 20th century, millions of Americans were engaged in oil-related industries; this increased employment. Rockefeller saw the vast potential of the industry, as he described: “We saw the vast possibilities of the oil industry, stood at the center of it, and brought our knowledge and imagination and business experience to bear in a dozen, in twenty, in thirty directions.”
The period of time after the Civil War and before World War I was a period of tremendous change in America. Although immigration is a major tenet of the United States, due to the changing economy, improvements in transportation, a shifting of the American people to the city, and deepening class divisions, industrialization was the most powerful force shaping the country between 1865 and 1914, followed by urbanization, and finally immigration.
The monopolists are drawn as large money bags (trusts) to show that they, due to all of their money, had all the power in the government. The power of the big business owners over the government grew so great that the government was finally forced to stand up to the corruption. The government passed the Sherman Antitrust Act, which prohibited the existence of monopolies. This government act shows that it finally recognized the political influences of the Gilded Age business owners had went too
Price for gas was skyrocketing, Nixon and his administration now face something they never saw coming. With Arab Nations putting an embargo on the U.S. for oil. This led to the worst gas shortage in U.S. history. At the start of 1968 the price for fuel began to rise at outrageous amounts with gas being priced at one hundred times its original value. With the price for oil continuously growing the price for food, fuel and transportation went up drastically.(Doc C) This limited the spending of the average American family and made the people turn to it’s government for help. Nixon now had to come up with plans to help with this crisis. He had it where gas stations “close down their pumps between 9 P.M. Saturday night and midnight Sunday every weekend, beginning December 1.”(Doc H) This was one of three plans made to help with the energy crisis, limiting how much the American family could use the car. The final step needed to help end this shortage was to “establish of a maximum speed limit for automobiles of 50 miles per hour nationwide as soon as our emergency energy legislation passes the Congress.” Nixon wanted to limit the overuse of gas by putting limits on how fast someone could drive. In the end Nixon had to make a plan called the Project Independence where the U.S. stopped relying on other countries but our own. With the energy crisis something that seemed almost impossible happened stagflation the thing that really put America on the
The Sherman Antitrust Act was passed by Congress in 1890. The Sherman Antitrust Act was the first measure put in place to allow free trade without any restrictions, and prohibited trusts in order to end them. This act gave Congress the right to regulate interstate commerce. Any restriction on free trade was marked as illegal and could result in fines and jail time. The Sherman Antitrust Act was basically a shield to protect people from the restriction of big corporations; in addition, this act had an immediate, threatening impact on the dominate businesses in the economy. The Standard Oil Company owned by John D. Rockefeller had a huge restriction on trade, resulting in violation of the Sherman Antitrust
Thomas Nast, 1840-1902, was a political cartoonist who is known by some historians as “the father of modern political American political cartooning” (Simpson, ANBO). This is due in part because Nast was the individual who created the donkey symbol to represent the Democratic Party and elephant symbol to represent the Republican Party. Another reason why he earned this title and therefore should be studied is that he changed the way cartoonists delivered their context. Before the Civil War cartoonist relied on dialogue rather than imagery to get the message across, However; Nast used pictures to convey the message of his cartoons (Simpson, ANBO). Since his cartoons did not need words to convey the message he was able to reach the illiterate community more effectively than other cartoonists of his time. Those viewing his cartoons not only would have been educated about the social and political events unfolding around them, but also would have picked up on Nast’s political opinions related to these events. Nast’s cartoons were one of the means in which the illiterate community gained information they would use to influence the political sphere. A large portion of the illiterate community were male ex-slaves who gained rights including the right to vote through the Reconstruction Amendments which would prove the difference in the 1868 presidential elections.