The individuals who made up the sans-culottes wanted to distinguish themselves from the wealthier French citizens. The sans-culottes were ordinary workers, they wore workers trousers compared to “the educated classes who wore elegant knee-breeches, or culottes” (Popkin, Short History of the French Revolution, p. 57). The sans-culottes wanted all citizens in France to have equal rights. Their purpose was to get rid of any privileges that would advantage one citizen over another. The main argument of the sans-culottes was, “the Republic should guarantee to each one of it’s citizens the means of procuring enough basic
In their pursuit for popular democracy, they demanded the right to exercise legislative power as representatives of the people, as well as the approval of laws by the people. This gave them the right to act as sovereign judges, to carry out popular executions of justice by executing the guilty deemed by the people. The sans-culottes also took it upon themselves to sanction laws, to establish control over censorship and to conduct purging against elected officers who were not in favour of popular democracy. This therefore reinforces the idea that the sans-culottes were willing to utilise all means to achieve their goals. The sans-culottes were not hesitant in employing violence against those who stood in their way.
Karl Marx argued that women held no weight in society, as in his time women did not partake in the same fields of work as men did. Les Misérables had women starting to work in factories as a form of cheap labor due to the growing demands of the Industrial Revolution, this influx of female workers allowed the upper class to better facilitate profits and the accumulation of their wealth. Wage-gaps as they are known also exist in Hong Kong a census done in 2011 showed that women made $2500 less than their male counterparts for the same work. Although these figures pop up, little is done to change them, and an article by the SCMP (Karacs, 2015) speculates that this wage-gap has only continued to widen in recent years. Unlike Les Misérables women are an integral part of the workforce now and partake in all fields and
France’s leader, Louis Philippe, was strongly against changing the standards for voting. Although he did not want voting changes, most of France did which then resulted in the revolution. France’s population was aiming for universal male suffrage so that all males could vote even if they were not highly educated. To get what they wanted, the working class put up barricades in the street. They also sent a mob to Louis Philippe in order to scare him into abdicating.
This motivated the slaves and the mullattoes in the French colonies specifically Saint Domingue, to desire the same rights for themselves. Being denied these right by the planter class in the colony led to revolts by persons like Oge, L’Oventure and Dessalines, the revolts in Saint Domingue propelled the move for France’s to abolish slavery. In 1789, Vincent Oge lead a partly successful revolt which ended with Oge being captured and publically executed as a deterrent to other who may choose to revolt, that however was not the effect it had. The effectiveness of Oge’s revolt, was that it gave rise to men such as Jean-Jacques Dessalines and Toussaint L’Oventure to continue the fight against the French. They joined forces with the Spanish in the war against the French to gain their freedom, and when they did, they fought the Spanish and forced them of the entire island of Hispaniola.
Under Louis XVI France has depleted most of its finances, and is in debt because of France’s financial and military support of America during the American revolution. This has led to famine and civil unrest, while also giving birth to the revolutionary idea of nationalism during the French revolution. Radical leaders such as Robespierre used the idea of nationalism to motivate people into joining revolution in order to create the French republic. However, the true leaders of the revolution were the people, as they were the ones who stole the gunpowder from the Bastille and stormed Versai, while the leaders were just the ‘head of the snake’ that told people what to do in order for them to get what they want. Furthermore, nationalism did not spark the revolution, but rather fuelled
France’s naval fleet was inferior to the Royal navy which further secured the sea trade for Britain. In 1754, despite the British superior numbers they were not very successful against the French and their Native allies. This was largely to thank to the French Commander Louis-Joseph de Montcalm. The French Commander was experienced and was known to be courageous. With Montcalm in charge, the French army improved their defenses and captured and destroyed other forts in their
Bienville’s adventures were far from over, and he would be a key figure in the region of Louisiana for many years (Rowland 1). Even though Fort Maurepas was a failure, its importance and impact of the region cannot be denied. The colony proved that there was much to be gained from a settlement on the Gulf Coast, and was a key in the French gaining a foothold in Louisiana. Without the French, Washington would have never became a soldier, the United States would not have its first leader, and America would not have Creole cuisine or Mardi Gras! This is what made Fort Maurepas so
Both the governments of the French Revolution and the provisional government in France, had neglected to solve one of the most significant problems which was that the people were starving, leading to one of the main reasons for a failure in the government. Both the French and Russian Revolutions had radical wings that got in the way of the original purpose of the Revolution. The Petrograd Soviet’s radical reforms angered the people just as the radical Mountain angered the people. Additionally, the failure of the original revolutions called for one person to stand up and overthrow the preexisting government to establish a new one. In the case of France, Napoleon staged a coup which eventually led to him crowning himself emperor and maybe in even some ways acting as a dictator.
Also, it questioned the jurisdiction of the king, priests, and nobles. When thinking or talking about this difficult time, it is hard to not think about all the causes for the French Revolution ranging from King Louis XVI poor leadership to the financial problems of France. Also, the effects that these events had on the future of France and the revolution. There were numerous vital people