Difference Between Arms Control And Disarmament

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Q.No.2 Elaborate different arms control measures. Elucidate their failures and successes.
Ans
Arms Control and Disarmament
One of the major struggles to preserve international peace and security in the twenty-first century is arms control or limit the number of arms/weapons. There is two different means to attain this objective have been disarmament and arms control. Disarmament is the decrease of the number of arms and military troops which Disarmament is the decrease of the number of arms and military troops which are made between probable opponents that reduce the likelihood and scope of war, generally imposing restrictions on military competency. And sometimes allow for the increase of weapons by one or more parties to a settlement.
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Arms control was devised intentionally during the post war period as a substitute to disarmament, Remain a part of modern life, It was impractical and even precarious, they felt ,for a country to strive for complete eradication of weapons, and it would not essentially decrease the possibility of war. Arms control advocates wanted to create a stable balance of power
Because many inhabitants mostly assume that arms control and disarmament are the same thing.
Arms control is often used as a means to escape an arms race—a competitive buildup of weapons between two or morepowers. Such a Arms race can be expensive for both sides
Modern Arms Control
Although disarmament and arms control treaties were forged prior to World War II and the modern arms control effort began in intense after the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. That situation exploded when the USA discovered that the USSR was building launch sites for nuclear missiles on the land mass of Cuba, thereby threatening to putnuclear weapons very close to U.S. soil. President JOHN F. KENNEDY declared a naval blockade of the island, and for twoweeks, the United States and the USSR existed in a state of heightened
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Numerous arms control treaties have been planned to increase communications between the superpowers. The first of these, coming just after the Cuban Missile Crisis, was the 1963 HOT LINE AGREEMENT
One highly eminent arms control settlement is the 1968 Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, or Non-Proliferation Treaty, designed to stop the extent of nuclear
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Treaty SALT I and After
The STRATEGIC ARMS LIMITATION TALKS (SALT I and SALT II) were first undertake in the early 1970s, when relations between the USA and the USSR became more friendly. SALT I led to two treaties: the Anti-Ballistic-Missile Treaty of 1972.
. When the SALT II Treaty was signed in 1979, it set a limit of 2,400 strategic missiles and bombers for each side
Compliance with the SALT agreements became a combative issue in the 1980s when the USA alleged the USSR of violating treaty provisions on the development of new missiles.
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A New World Order During 90 , of increasingly warm relations between the super powers, a number of major arms control treaties were created. On November 19, 1990, the USA, the USSR, and 20 other countries signed the Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty

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