During the early part of the 1800s, the United States Army’s Artillery Branch had no artillery units that could be easily moved around the battlefield because the cost of maintaining the horse and service for the support elements was too great for the newly formed United States economy to handle. During the years of 1821 through 1837 the Artillery Branch of the United States Army had very few horses and this problem made that component one of the most immobile and unreliable parts of the Army. However, when Secretary of War Joel L Poinsett took over as the Head of the War Department, he pressed Congress for the creation of the four companies of Light Artillery. The newly founded mobile artillery became known as the Flying Artillery, and effectively set the course of the United States’ victory in the Mexican-American War.
Upon return to Canaan, the Hebrews fought for control to regain their land again and after defeating the Canaanites, they once again settled in Canaan and became known as the Israelites. Israel became a prosperous land and built a temple known as “The Great Temple”. After the death of the king, conflict began to arise over who would become king next; unagreed, the Hebrews split their land into two kingdoms, Israel and Judah. Both kingdoms fell to invaders; Assyrians conquered Israel and the Babylonians conquered Judah and both were exiled. The great temple was destroyed by a Babylonian tribe. Persians conquered Babylon and Judeans were allowed back to Judah where they rebuilt the temple and the Torah was completed. In 70 CE, Romans destroyed the temple for the second time. The Great Temple has never been rebuilt again but, remains are still left today and is called the Western Wall. The history of the Jewish people and their faith shows the persecution and perseverance they
If you were to break into a person 's house at any time of day, guess what, you would have your head cut off! You then would be buried right where you broke in. Hammurabi’s code of law was very brutal and specific of what will happen if you did something bad. Even though it may seem fair, his laws mostly favored men and the rich. This was pretty effective to stop crime in his kingdom at the time. Here are some of the laws Hammurabi created. (“If the son has done some great evil to his father, his father must forgive him the first time. But if he has done something evil twice, his father can throw him out. If a man cuts down a tree on someone else 's land, he will pay for it. If a doctor operates on a patient and the patient dies, the doctor’s hand will be cut off.”)
The Industrial Revolution began in England in the 1700’s within the textile industry. The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes by using different machines. Before the Industrial Revolution people made different things by hand or simple tools. For example, people wove textiles by hand, and after the Industrial Revolution machines were used instead. The Industrial Revolution began in England because of many reasons.
Ironworking assisted the Aryans to carry out their migrations to India, as well as conquering and settling in territories. The main types of ironworking technology are: weapons and tools, transportation, conquest, and settlement. The Aryans were a group of people that lived from around 2000 B.C. to 600 B.C.
The civilizations that flourished in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Palestine were located in river valleys or along the Mediterranean coast. These civilizations developed highly complex cultures that shared many common characteristics.
Ancient Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt were two early human civilizations that lived during the bronze age in harsh desert environments located not far from each other. Both civilizations were built around rivers that they depended on for survival. There is evidence that these rivers had great influence on both the societies politics and culture. Egypt was built around the very strong and reliable Nile River. Ancient Mesopotamia was established in the fertile crescent between the less reliable Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. During the bronze age both Ancient Mesopotamians and Ancient Egyptians developed forms of religion that highly reflected their habitat. They had many similarities in their politics even though they had completely different forms of government. Both societies were also known for their discoveries in art and technology. They developed their own forms of writing, different tools and architecture.
The most important invention on this document is the discovery of quinine from cinchona tree bark. This is because, as the document says, this was used as a treatment for the disease malaria, which prevented much of the population from developing this deadly disease. Also, the document states that this discovery was made in 1820, near the beginning and middle of the war, and this therefore increased their man-power in the war effort, giving them an advantage that allowed them to colonize Africa.
Oxidant (oxidizing agent) is the element which reduces in experiment. Consequently, it induces second element to be oxidized.
Much of modern society that exists today was shaped by the changes and development of Europe from the early 15th century to the 18th century. The Age of Exploration, starting in the early 1400s, marked the beginning of the period during which the European economy shifted from the Mediterranean sea to the Atlantic Ocean. The basis for this shift was an increasing desire for a cheaper and quicker way of obtaining goods from Asia and Africa. While trying to find a quicker route to Asia explorers discovered the Americas. Capitalizing on the potential of the new discovery, Spain quickly set up colonies. Spain's growing power and the expanding market for goods from the Atlantic weakened the influence of the Mediterranean area causing economic power to shift to the Atlantic
By the 12th century BCE, the freed Hebrews came to the promised land, prophesied by Yahweh. The Hebrews formed twelve tribes, known as the tribes of Israel.(purdue) There were ten tribes in the northern section and two in the southern section.(purdue) This period, before the start of the United Kingdom monarchy, was known as the period of the Judges (1200-1000 BCE).(purdue) At the end of this period, still lacking a central monarchy, the tribes started to become in control of Philistines.(purdue) King Saul, the leading candidate to save the tribes from the conquering of the Philistines, tried to establish a single monarchy from a group of diverse tribes. King Saul constructed a military fortress in Gibeah and created an army of around 3000
With the first dynasty, the capital moved from Thinis to Memphis with a unified Egypt, ruled by King Menes. Menes was the one who founded the new capital. King Menes intentionally built the city of Memphis in the middle of the two kingdoms to unite the inhabitants of the formerly separated nations and so that it would be more secure from enemies and invaders. Harmony and cooperation between the two kingdoms, their stable and secured city, and their abundant agriculture made Memphis flourish. (http://amazingbibletimeline.com/blog/memphis-of-ancient-egypt/#sthash.G1bA3vNt.dpuf)
If I was alive in first century CE Judea and I was born into the Jewish race I would have probably belonged to the Sicarii group. Sicarii was the name given to a group of Jewish zealots active in the time of the Roman rule of Palestine. In 66 C.E. a wide spread and violent conflict erupted in the land of Israel between the Jewish community and the Roman empire. The Roman empire controlled the region at the time and the Jews felt that they were being treated very unfairly by the Roman government. The Jewish people became tired of being politically oppressed, thus, resulting in the deterioration in relations among the Jewish community and the Roman government. In the years before the great revolt conflicts between the two sides slowly became worst. On one hand, the Jewish were trying to regain their political independence through a violent struggle against the Romans. On the other hand, Romans were enforcing their pagan lifestyle on the Jewish community.
In Africa, pottery began in 6000 B.C. Throughout history, African ceramics has been not only used for utilitarian purposes but also for spiritual and esthetic purposes. Different regions of Africa were influenced by the ceramics of other cultures. For example, in 75 AD african pottery was influenced by the importation of roman pottery and they actually ended up taking over the pottery business and most pots in Rome were made in Africa. Another example of the influence of another culture's ceramics was in the 600s AD when Africans began to use glass and metal glazes after importing ceramics from China. The potters in Africa were mostly women, however there were a few men. They used various techniques. They would either build things by hand or with a mould. The most common pieces of pottery that they made were water jugs or pots to cook in. Another pot that they made that I found cool had bark woven around the outside which would cool the water through evaporation when it was soaked in water. After building the pot and setting it out to dry, they would cover it in maybe bark or cow dung and fire it on an open fire. They would try to achieve a shiny finish by firing. In the Congo, they sometimes would splatter the pots with dyes after firing to add color to the pot. In addition to pots, they would also make figures such as people out of clay. I thought it was interesting that the skill of pottery is