3. Compare and contrast the idea of democracy in Ancient Greece and Rome. Which system was more democratic and why? Democracy is the modern day standard for governmental systems. However up until 500 BCE, the concept of Democracy was a foreign concept, and the great civilizations of that era were run by monarchs, aristocrats, and religious leaders of sorts.
In Corinth for instance, the people overthrew the oligarchy because of their harsh rule. Only in one state was there a stable oligarchic rule, Sparta. The Democracy The democracy is the type of rule where power is in the hands of the people. The word democracy comes from the Greek terms demos (meaning people) and kratos (meaning
Forms of Government: Monarch, Aristocracy, Oligarch, Democracy, and Tyranny Introduction In ancient Greek political systems, there were different forms of government, such as Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, and Tyranny. In this essay, we will illustrate, compare and contrast these government forms. Monarchy is an old form of government; a monarch, such as a king or a queen, rules a kingdom or empire. In a constitutional monarchy, the monarch's power is limited by a constitution, but in an absolute monarchy, the monarch has unlimited power. Aristocracy, which was the combination of Greek words “aristos” means "excellent", and “kratos” means "power" (Oxford English Dictionary, 1989).
Ancient Greece had many different forms of government within its many eras and countries. To name a few of these governing styles you had monarchy, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and the founding of democracy. Overall each governing style can be found within a few time points throughout Greek history. Some Greek governments established mixes of different governing styles. Such as Sparta which had a mix of Monarchy, Oligarchy, aristocracy, and tyranny.
This form of government was represented either by kingdoms or empires. Sparta is a good example of this system. Though, I would not call it a monarchy because true power was in the hand of the Guerousia and the Ephors, which makes it more of an oligarchy. Later in the ages before the Archaic period, things started to change in city-states and few monarchies, and later most governments in Greek turned into oligarchies. An oligarchy is a type of government in which a very small group of people, determined by nobility, religiousness, or any other criterion, held the power and ruled the populace of the country or, in case of Greek, the city-state(Carr, 2017).
Foremost among them was the practice of voting itself. Flawed and unequal the system may have been, but one can argue that such is true also of most modern-day democracies and besides, the practical flaws in the system do not change the fact that the system was a democratic one in theory. The introduction of the secret ballot in 139 B.C. and 130 B.C. (for elections and legislation respectively) was doubtless effective in lessening the influence of the elite over their clients (Yakobson 1995, 427) and was itself another aspect of democracy that was introduced in Rome -the Greek system they had adapted not including the anonymous vote - that is now so much considered core to the entire notion of a “free and fair election” that it is listed as the seventh point on the IPU’s list of Voting and Election Rights (Goodwin-Gill
Introduction In Ancient Greek, there was no center government nor empire to control the city-states. Instead, each city-state was self-governed resulting in many different format of governments. These different formats of governing developed independently in different city-states and was experimented by these entities for their success if not could be changed. This paper will compare and contrast, aristocracy, tyranny, oligarchy, and democracy as forms of government in Ancient Greek city-states. Monarchy Monarchy which is a system of governing that power is sovereignty held by a single person was not very popular in Ancient Greek but was practice by some city-states.
The first, and some would argue the only necessary, reason for the supremacy of Islamic government is the fact that it Islamic law is the comprehensive, divine law of God. The fundamental difference between the laws of liberal democracy and that of Islamic government is that the laws of democracy are simply laws made by men. It is folly to believe that laws made by imperfect men are superior to the divine ordinances of God . Khomeini believed that the path to happiness began in the implementation and following of God’s divine law . The fact that Islam is comprehensive means that God as already provided for every aspect of human life including government and society.
Democracy is a political system which, at its core, enshrines the public sovereignty through the representative mechanism. In democracy, political representation by popular vote is a source of the political legitimacy on which the government practice the state power. As always, we have learnt about “power tends to corrupt, absolute power corrupts absolutely” , say Lord Acton , we , in democracies , need to set up control mechanism over usage of power . On the other hand, the government can do nothing for the people without having considerable powers such as taxation, law makings, law enforcement and probing social and political issues and the likes . In concept of Democracy, the power must be limited and put under “check and balance” mechanism.