Difference Between Civil Law And Criminal Law

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Term “civil” and “criminal” law.
Civil law is dominant legal tradition today in most of Europe, all of Central and South America, parts of Asia and Africa. The origin of civil law is form the Roman law. Civil law is concerned with the rights and duties of individuals or organizations towards each other. Violation of these established rights duties are known as TORTS. The main one affecting health and safety being that of negligence. The aim of civil law is to control or regulate dealings between private individuals and compensate injured party who has suffered loss or harm to person or property. Civil Cases comprise an action brought by one person against another in order to seek restitution for some form of wrong-doing. For example, in an accident, the victim will lodge a police report on the accident and no suffer injuries. Then. The victim can sue the wrong-doing under the tort of negligence for causing damage to his car and claim damages in compensation. Burden of proof is on the plaintiff. The plaintiff who has brought the complaint or suit must prove that the defendant is liable or responsible for the plaintiff’s harm or loss. The standard of proof is on a balance of probabilities. The outcome of trial for civil case is compensation for loss or harm suffered.

Criminal law is concerned with offences against society generally. Criminal law deals with crimes. Crimes are actions which violate the basic rules and principles by which society lives. There are many
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