1 Cristina Castaneda Professor Sharifian GOVT 2305 11 February 2018 Civil Rights versus Civil Liberties Civil rights and Civil liberties are well known for the type of impact they have had on our government. Civil liberties are specific rights, that are protected from the government. Civil rights are equal protection under the laws. The courts have ruled on civil rights as equal rights for all citizens no matter where you come from, or who you are. With civil liberties certain amendments grant citizens certain rights also referred to as the Bill of Rights.
He maintained that affirmative action policies violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution which says that all citizens should have an equal protection of law. However, the court ruled out that the affirmative action policy is constitutional and can be used as a one of many factors in admissions processes. However, it should not be zero-sum, where the increased opportunities for the minorities come at the expense of the majority groups ( Brunner and Rowen
The new government, the Constitution, is now able to enforces taxes, which allowed money to come in and the government was able to pay off their debt. One other weakness of the articles was that it gave all power to only one house of representative from each state, the constitution try to solve this matter that creating three separate branches of power, the Legislative branch, Executive branch, and the Judiciary branch, allowing the power to be more divided. Representation was another problem in under the Articles of Confederation because a big state like Massachusetts and a small state like New Jersey both have the same amount of representatives, the Constitution made a compromise by forming two house in Congress the Senate, where each state get equal representation, and the House of Representatives, where each state is represented by the population of the state. The Constitution also fixed the problem of passing a law; under the Articles of Confederation, laws can only be passed if 9 out of 13 representatives agrees on the law because of this not much laws were passed, now under the Constitution only 51 percent of the votes to pass the law. From this readers can infer that the Constitution fixed many of the defects in the Articles
Does every American Citizen truly have civil rights? The idea that civil rights is something we as Americans have achieved have been mostly false, you can see this in many cases throughout the United States that some people or a whole race is being negated their basic rights as a Human either by the government itself or certain individuals. The United States has many great qualities such as freedom of speech, the right to vote, And the list goes on, but something which will take years and years to obtain would be civil rights of every citizen in the United States.A flaw that the United States haven’t been able to fix since the birth of this country is being able to give people of a different race equal rights as Americans and true Civil Rights. Many politicians have tried to make America a better place and always say that civil rights have been achieved, but I beg to differ with Obama as an example because he knows how America still hasn 't reached real civil rights and mentions multiple times that America is still to far from reaching the goal of civil rights. The effect of a racial minority on American culture is huge due to the fact that this country is so multicultural and this is a plus because not many people of different race have started to support each other in order to obtain real civil rights in the near future.
By 1960s, the supreme court had nationalized many rights, including the right to privacy.” Many controversies had rose with the course of time regarding Civil Rights, but the Supreme Court had ruled on its own way. Many amendments were made to ensure that the law is better fitted with changing time. 5 According to the first amendment, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” The establishment clause and free exercise clause has been released regarding people’s right to religion. The first amendment also guarantees right to speech and right to freedom to people. The fourth amendment provides for citizen’s right against unreasonable search and seizures.
Civil rights and Civil Liberties both can be found written in the Declaration of Independences and in the Bill of Rights. 1 For years the distinction between the two has always been blurred. Even though civil rights and civil liberties are in writing, both refer to different kinds of guaranteed protection. 2 Civil Liberties are limitations placed on the government. To put it in easier term civil liberties are things the government can’t do that interfere with a person freedom.
The legislative branch makes the laws, the judicial branch interprets the laws, and the executive branch enforces the laws. The Supreme Court of the United States falls under the judicial branch of government. The role of the Supreme Court is to practice judicial review by deciding whether the laws in question are constitutional or not. In the case of Obergefell v. Hodges the Supreme Court did more than just interpret the law and decide if it is constitutional, the justices of this case took the duties of the legislative branch by adding their own views and establishing law. The unelected Supreme Court justices did not find anywhere in the Constitution that established marriage as a fundamental right that needed protection.
These alien minors will become better-educated, higher-earning workers and taxpayers. There are many myths regarding the DREAM Act that there is still a large opposing side to the bill, although the bill itself would be fair response to the injustices done in the American immigration laws. The amnesty program of the DREAM Act is a big one. Many believe that it just forgives illegal behavior continue and let it continue, but as it clearly stated in the bill itself, it is only possible to those who meet the characteristics and its eligibility requirements are the ones who can become eligible for permanent
Even though women won their rights to vote in 1919, they still needed to fight for more equal rights. Due to the civil Rights movement the supreme court opened up gates to allow immigrants from Asia and South America to come and provided more rights to minorities Unfortunately people still have their rights over powered through authorities unknowingly by being frisked by police and security guards through Terry Stop. The Terry Stop violates the fourth amendment that states citizens have a right to privacy, a right to protect yourself from unfair treatment from authority therefore the Terry Stop violates our rights. The constitution should protect us from the Terry Stop which is already written in the fourth amendment prohibiting search and seizures unless a warrant is provided. In the case of Floyd v New York City when David Floyd an African American man was unfairly frisked and accused by the police for breaking and entering in to his own family building.
However, two of the most important regulations of the Britain constitution are known because it is much based on Parliamentary Supremacy (means that Parliament can, if it chooses, legislate contrary to the fundamental principles of human rights) and the division of powers (meaning that Parliament, as opposed to a written constitution, it is the highest source of law in the United kingdom and that the executive, the legislature and the judiciary powers would be divided among themselves. Additionally, the possibly existence of only a few other countries in the world that does not have a written, along with new change of constitution such as the Human Rights Act of 1998 and the Constitutional Change Act of 2005 have rekindled the debate on whether or not the United Kingdom should write its constitution . This essay will start by introducing some of the proposal that have been shown and forwarded for a codified constitution. It will then argue that even though it is