Confucianism is a belief or an idea. The purpose of this was to show people how to be in harmony with their place in life. Legalism is a ruling made by Shi Huangdi, who was a strict ruler in china. The purpose of this ruling was to get the people of china to follow the rule, and if they didn’t there was a very harsh punishment. Although confucianism and legalism have some similarities, but the differences between the two are amazingly clear.
Achievement VS Ascription An achievement culture is based on how well someone performs whereas ascription is based more on the person’s background, connections or what they ‘do’. In China, guanxi plays a very important role in Chinese culture – it’s not what you know but who you know and this could have resulted in JPM’s princeling hiring practices. It was crucial that their organization knew and had connections with the ‘right’ people so that they could progress in the business developments in China. (Luthans & Doh,
As written in Doc. 1 by a Han government official, China searched for ways to apply their technologies in the most efficient way possible, without much labor, and to benefit the laborers as well. Doc. 4 from a history book sponsored by the Han government, states that China aimed to make work easier for the laborers, to increase the efficiency. Both documents show Han China in a bright light, and that may be because they are written or sponsored by Han government officials.
The Qin and Han employed different philosophies on how to run their dynasties. The Qin used controlling Legalistic ideas while the Han used the relationship building Confucianism. The Qin and Han had a different relationship with outsiders because the Qin preferred to keep foreigners out while the Han wanted to build a relationship with them. The Qin and the Han each contributed to the growth of China’s culture and expansion. The developments in trade, foreign relations, and building expansive building projects in the Qin and Han Dynasties effected the design of every dynasty
Even though the act lowered the amount to $4 per month, many of the Chinese miners were only making approximately $6 a month. If they failed to pay the monthly tax, the Chinese workers were forced to give up their property and personal possessions (Natasha Rivero, 2010). The Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was the first law that omitted a race. It was a law that was set up for a long time because of such a variety of migrants landing in the United States and on the off-chance that they so happened to leave the
China’s tribute system was influenced by their beliefs, world view and geography. The tribute system existed and operated to regulate China’s trade and diplomacy with its neighbors. Sinocentrism or the acknowledgment of Chinese superiority played a major role in the Tribute system. For instance, the Chinese emperor was the “son of heaven,” and those who were in his inner circle of humanity, who offered tribute to the emperor, had more trading rights in China than the barbarians who did not offer tribute at all. These barbarians were uncivilized and culturally inferior in the view of China, who regarded themselves as the one and only true civilization, not as a part of many other nations.
The first Chinese immigrant was during the nineteenth century, many people think that this was life changing for the Chinese, but the reality was completely opposite. Thousands of Chinese came over to the US by the Central Coast who hired them to work on the Transcontinental Railroad. The Chinese came over thinking and hoping for a better new life, but it turned out they became laborers working and it was the most unfortunate time for the Chinese immigrants.The Chinese Laborers faced the most difficulties trying to survive and thrive in the west due to dangers and difficulties in work and environment, discrimination, and dangers and difficulties in daily life. The Chinese Laborers faced the most difficulties trying to survive and thrive
Ancient India and Ancient China attempted to create orderly societies through two major belief systems — Hinduism in India and Confucianism in China. There were many similarities and differences between these two belief systems. Both belief systems had social hierarchy. However, these social hierarchies had different ways of placing different people. Both Hinduism and Confucianism had motivation for moral behaviors, but these motivations varied for each belief system.
Which means boys are the preferred one baby choice. If a Chinese wife has a girl first most of the time she is sent to an orphanage, abandoned, hidden, aborted or killed. One out of Four girls adopted in the US are from China. Americans are doing their part to save young Chinese girls. The adoption process is about $18,000 and Chinese government approves them and assigns them baby by picture only.
Chinese tradition is opposed to individual glorification and considers anyone who desires personal enhancement as a threat to collectivism (Pye, 1982). Chinese are more group-oriented, they value respect and friendship. China is more Egalitarian, meaning that they share power and share authority and spread the authority out evenly. They do not expect all power as some cultures do. Next is Performance orientation, which means when the community encourages and rewards good things done and completed.
Confucians heavily emphasized bettering the community through active learning. On the other hand, Daoists prefer a more passive approach where they withdrew themselves from the problem in order to solve it (Benjamin 9). Also, unlike Confucius, the Daoists thought about the metaphysical, such as whether or not death is really something to be feared (Benjamin 9). Nature is a large focus in Daoism, something to be respected, while Confucians emphasize respect towards humans (Benjamin 9). Even so, both Daoism and Confucianism values are adopted by many of the modern day Chinese, where they will be Confucians in the workplace and Daoists when they get some time to explore their inner selves (Benjamin
Tao in Chinese philosophy translates to “the way”, meaning the correct way to live life and moral duties. Many Chinese texts mention how humans are to become one with the Tao, which is a another great lifetime accomplishment. “Tao, the supreme intelligence, and though constant investigation and understanding around him manifest the nature a power of Tao , a universal way that is sought after like an agenda. Tao is another major part of the Confucian belief that “emphasizes the relative nature of all things in the balance of yin and yang” obtaining balance between good and bad. People tend to have way much more yang than yin so the philosophy of Taoism tends to focus on it more on balancing.