First, the brief description of the crime is outlined by summarizing the whole issue centered in the case study. Secondly, I have focused on description of the processes in the adult American criminal justice system the offender would go through, starting with arrest. Further, I have highlighted the weakest and strongest links in the criminal justice process. 2. A brief description of the crime Based on reading of the Case study 1, it is revealed that there are two murders happened.
First of all, do you know that what is offender profiling? Offender profiling has been defined by different authors using different terminologies such as specific profile analysis, psychological profiling, criminal profiling and criminal personality profiling. However, the underlying concept of definitions remains the same (Jackson and Bekerian, 1997). Beauregard, Lussier and Proulx (2005) state that offender profiling provides some descriptive information about behaviors and personality of an offender by analyzing crime scene characteristics, which can narrow suspects and finally solve the cases. Muller (2000) describes the information which the criminal profiler uses is often taken from the scene of crime, and profilers will take into account
The American Supreme Court ruled out that evidence because it was obtained from illegal doing, even if it is proved that it’s the Simpson’s blood. Simon A. Cole note that the Simpson case was not concerned with only the admissibility of DNA evidence but also was related to the issues of race, class and gender in the United States. Therefore, the DNA evidence is accepted as well and can be used as evidence to prove the guilt of the offender especially the serious case such as murder or rape. In common law,
Utilitarianism is the act committed, ways to prevent new crimes, and how to stop from repeating the crime. Last virtue ethics is character of the person, it is to achieve civil peace through moral virtues, and it helps rehabilitate or reform the offender. If Nifong believed that the defendants were in fact guilty then he could use the evidence he had against them. He had enough to support the beliefs that he had; therefore, if he believed them to be guilty, he could have gathered enough evidence to support that belief rather than hide the proof favorable to the defendants. I do not see the moral permissibility to bring charges to FedEx.
In the passage, Herbert is specifying that blacks and Hispanics were commonly stopped and frisked for their race. Not to mention that the NY Police would not always do a report on all the stops they made. Herbert stated, “These encounters with
The ability to put in place more strict penalties in this case could often deter the offender from committing a rules violation. If the facility is having an issue with a particular rule violation, then it would be a good idea to use rational choice theory to help assist in rewriting policy to make violating the rule have a stricter penalty, so that the risk does not outweigh the reward. The next theory that should be looked at in assisting departmental policies is the labeling theory. If the labeling theory labels offenders as just that it will make it more difficult for the offender to be successful upon re-entry to society. If one is labeled something such as a convicted felon then they will be more like to re-offend and return to the prison system.
Specific and general are two forms of deterrence (National Police Committee). Specific deterrence leans more towards punishing a criminal for his or her crimes in hopes that they will not commit another crime in the near future. General deterrence is to prevent such crimes from occurring in the first place (National Police Committee). In addition, the public openly knowing that the state can institute and practice the death penalty “serves to deter others from committing capital crimes to avoid similar punishment” (National Police
It is for this reason legislators should consider adopting alternative policies and practices that may assist with high racial disparities in the criminal justice system. Some recommendations include: Establishing a national criminal justice commission to examine incarceration and racial disparities; Scaling back the number of prosecutions for low-level drug offenders when it comes to the war on drugs; Abolishing mandatory minimum sentences; Developing new policies and procedures and integrating them into training programs to reduce racial
Therefore, in this paper I am going to discuss the importance of determining time of death in a homicide case and the method used in determining the time of death of a homicide victim. During homicide investigation, homicide investigator work side by side with the forensic
Do people discriminate others to hurt them or they do not realize what their actions are doing? Racial discrimination is when a person is treated less favorably than another person in a similar situation because of their race, colour, descent, national or ethnic origin or immigrant status. One of the biggest discrimination in this country is racial discrimination towards Latinos and people of color. Racial discrimination has become a part of everyday life in America. We have to stop this hatred in our country because this country is based on freedom, peace, and home of immigrants.
Race can become a legitimate tool for law enforcement when investigators or police officers have information on a subject or a particular suspect or if the suspect described is of a particular race or ethnic origin. Furthermore, the illegitimate way of using race and ethnicity would be when an officer stops a citizen based solely on their race and ethnicity or any other demographic feature. The officer must base his stop, “whether in a vehicle or on foot, on reasonable suspicion or probable cause that a violation of the law has been or is about to be committed based on facts and information that they can articulate”
Racial or any profiling compiles behavioral characteristics associated with particular criminal actions, creating an original form of a yet unknown people who might be more likely than others to perpetrate the crime. The serial killer profiling was generated by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), which use crime scene evidence that implies the character of the perpetrator and helps narrow the scope of analysis. It was based on lengthy interviews with 33 convicted killers, an actual grounding like to the drug carrier sketch of Operation Pipeline (below). Racial profiling results when a complicated set of factors (which can include race) including a particular criminal profile are torn away in practice, transformed into an unjustified reduction: “Minorities are more prone to have drugs or commit additional crimes than are whites.” That stereotype inundates the ingredients of individualized facts needed for a possible cause. While it is the police who have displayed the burden of the blame, the practice also exists in the operations of asset and private division security.
Racial profiling occurs when law enforcement officials target individuals because of their race rather than because their behavior suggests they have broken or will break the law. Racial profiling can and does occur in a variety of different ways. Some forms of racial profiling most commonly discussed in the United States today include the practice of stopping African American drivers, singling out Latino/as for immigration checks and searching Arab Americans in airports. It can become a part of all types of decisions law enforcement officials must make, from deciding who to stop, who to arrest, on whom to use restraints and on whom to use lethal force. Racial profiling is problematic for a number of reasons.