Harleen Tumber COMS 210: Media Criticism Martin Allor 28 October 2014 Cultural Studies Cultural studies examine the way in which “culture” creates and changes individual experiences, everyday life, social relations and power. Cultural studies encompass the way people do certain things in a given culture which results in a specific meaning being attached to the way people in certain cultures do things. Language and culture are very closely related. Language contributes to the way culture is shared and shaped. Through language we can understand a particular meaning however that meaning can be skewed by translation.
(Deardorff, 2006) With that being said, knowledge is my substantial weakness while skills and attitude are my strengths regarding intercultural competence. Being able to effectively engage with others from different backgrounds and communities relates to skills and attitude that allows me to interact and work with people from different culture. For me, being able to listen, observe, analyze, interpret, respect and think beyond average alleviates me to engage with others from different cultures adequately. But my weakness does with the aspect of cultural self- awareness, sociolinguistic awareness and grasp of global issues and trends. For example, working on group project illustrate one ability to be able to communicate and accommodate beliefs from other
His responses were compared to mine in order to be able to come up with the conclusion that different cultural groups have different traditions, customs, and beliefs that are incorporated within themselves which can be seen in their persona by the way they communicate and think. Keywords: cultural influence, communicate, culture, relationships Cultural Influence Towards Communication Methods and Relationships
Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a racial, religious, or social group of people, ranging from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, and music and arts. There are many types of culture with different groups of people. Cultures also differentiate people from each other by the activities that they do and by what they is or is not normal for one culture that may be a disrespectful act for the other, so this may in some cases cause several problems between the people of different cultures. Culture is also an integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations. It can also be defined as ‘the set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization.’ The characteristics of culture may include, culture being learned by an individual that is through acquaintance and influence of personality and lifestyle, a thought or an action is considered a culture when it is shared and believed or practiced by a group of people, culture being cumulative as different knowledge embodied in culture are passed from one generation to another as more knowledge is added in the particular culture as
In general, communication is sharing the information between two or more people whether it is formal or informal. However, to create the relationship in the organization is sharing the information are the key to success (Harris &Nelson, 2008). Cross cultural communication mainly focuses on how to interpret individual differences the ability to communicate with others. Persons who have different cultural and background usually need more time to adept the situation than those who familiar with the environment (Fink, Neyer & Kölling, 2006). People who know the foreign culture tend to be more aware on how they trying to deliver the information.
James (2002, p. 27) explains that “translation is a kind of activity which inevitably involves at least two languages and two cultural traditions.” This definition supports the idea that translators are faced with the problem of how to deal with different cultural aspects implicit in the source text. As Lado (1957, p. 2) explicates: “Individuals tend to transfer the forms and meaning and the distribution of forms and meanings of their native language and culture both receptively when attempting to grasp and understand the language and culture as practiced by natives.” In translation, therefore, not only the two languages, but also the two cultures come into
In this way, the intercultural communication emerges as the study of these encounters between different cultures, with the aim of understanding the system of signification, the values and ways of thinking of different societies. Thereby, the intercultural communication is a field that focuses on understanding the experiences, the communication mechanisms, and the cultural codes that reflect values, attitudes, cognitions and behaviours of the different cultures. With the aim of providing clues and develop a good communication system that allows understanding besides the cultural differences (Yu, 2014). In accordance with the above, humans are cultural beings builders of meanings and interpretations of what surrounds them. However, such interpretations vary among members of different cultures.
methods of greeting people), some other differences are learned subconsciously (e.g. methods of problem solving). The building of cultural awareness may not be an easy task, but once accomplished, it definitely helps a job done efficiently in a foreign environment. Discussions and reading about
Option A – Frame of reference (Topic 2) Introduction The aim of this essay is to discuss how people’s frame of reference may influence their communication with individuals from different cultural backgrounds, with reference to personal and cultural differences in values, beliefs, attitudes and customs, and how these differences may complicate sharing of meaning and cooperation in relationships. Key concepts • Frame of Reference According to (Atherton, 2013) frame of reference is very broad in understanding and has a lot of complex set of assumptions and attitudes which we use to filter perceptions to create and share meaning. Our frame of reference is largely influenced by our values, beliefs, attitudes and our customs or culture and this often influences our understanding, response and judgement. This makes the process of communication a very unique and dynamic part of our everyday life (relationships). According to (Du Plooy-Cilliers and Louw, 2014) we need to understand that people have no view into our frames of reference and thus we must be open in allowing other people to understand our frames in order to create effective communication.
Being able to adapt the way I work with other people who may be of an unfamiliar cultural background to avoid unnecessary conflicts of expectations and processes is known as behavioural flexibility. This can be accomplished by adopting others customs and courtesies which will be greatly appreciated by the co-workers. Communication awareness is one of the biggest disparities when interacting with those of different a different culture. You are alert to the many ways in which misunderstanding might arise through differences in speech, gestures and body language. To be effective, you will always be ready to seek clarification and may need, on occasion, to ask other members of the group to agree on how they will use certain expressions.