Difference Between Democracy And Human Rights

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President Gorbachov and many Western socialists argue that the socialist system can be saved by making it a democratic socialist system. But for a democratic government one criteria must be satisfied if it is to be legitimate, namely democratic rule must not infringe any individual’s rights without the consent of that individual. The state derives its just powers from the consent of the governed and those powers not so derived are not just. Majoritarian rule alone will not suffice. A minority may be ruled by the majority only if its members had consented previously to be bound by the outcome of the process. “Tacit” consent is not enough. Mr Justice Jackson expressed it succinctly in a 1943 US Supreme Court ruling: “One’s right to life, liberty and property, to free speech, a free press, freedom of assembly and other fundamental rights may not be submitted to a vote; they depend on the outcome of no elections.” Democracy, although not perfect, has the virtue that it allows more individuals more influence over public affairs than any other political system a benefit which should not be underestimated. In so much as it enables broad participation, democracy is morally superior to any other system.
Democratic processes are not however equivalent to moral processes; nor do they necessarily yield moral results, they can in some instances provide an aura of legitimacy to repressive regimes which ignore the rights of minorities. So if governments - even
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