Difference Between Egoism And Egotism

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The two ethical theories that I truly understood and agreed with were Ethical Relativism and Egoism/Egotism. Ethical Relativism refers to cultural differences throughout the world regarding values. For example, in one culture society forces females to be covered from head to toe, while another culture may not have those same expectation from females. The other ethical theory that I understood is the difference between Egoism and Egotism. Egoism is the belief that motivation for people 's actions are carried out in self-interest, while Egotism means excessive conceit or self-absorption and selfishness. Ethical Relativism values, like mentioned earlier, are either an individual or cultural difference. In short, it means that other people and/or…show more content…
Meaning, that some values that culture A has, may be deemed as unethical in culture B. However, we cannot state that one action is right, and another is wrong, because, as mentioned before, they differ from culture to culture, or individual to individual. The terms "right" and "wrong" may have meaning to one culture but may not be used the same in another one, thus a universal meaning cannot be established in writing. Now these may tie into the next ethical theory that I personally agree with, Egoism and…show more content…
Some may argue that each and every single action is done out of self-interest, and that there is no such thing as a selfless act that we can do because there will always be some type of beneficial aspect to it in the end for us. An example of Egoism, someone may say that they want to donate to charity out of the goodness in their heart but may just want recognition for doing so; they may not truly care about the donation aspect whatsoever and may only care about the recognition they would receive for their donation. On page 455 in the textbook there was a line that Chaffee stated that further explained Egoism and helped my understanding, "Abiding by the laws of the social contract runs counter to our nature to dominate and exploit others for our own personal advancement." (Chaffee pg. 455)
In addition to that, Egotism comes into play, but it is more of a label, if you will, for someone who does things out of selfishness. For example, a child who never wants to share his toys or anything with anyone else would be labeled as being "Egotistic" since he is only thinking of himself and the joy he would get from playing with his toys and not having to share them with anyone else. Although the child might not think of this act as being selfish, we as adults are able, or should be able to, recognize this type of behavior in the
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