He derived the term known as functionalism which provides a biological representation of society. This term describes society to behave similarly to an organism, which consists of various parts each part with a specific function that contributes to the stability of the society. The components are interdependent of each other and require some form of interaction to elicit smooth functionality of the organism. The institutions refer to education, state, media, police and judicial systems within society each with a different needs to fulfill but interconnection between these entities was necessary to form and shape society. It is a representation of cohesion in society and thus indicates the status of the
It allows one to understand hoe the society fits together and the consequences that might arise when the community is affected by social change. Secondly, sociology enables one to develop a sense of appreciation for the diversities that are found in a set of people. It also develops the knowledge of an individual on a range of issues including human behavior, the social organization as well as culture. 6. Introduce one classical sociological
Other leadership theories emerged out of this work, including the vertical dyad linkage theory, also known as the leader-member exchange theory (Graen, 1976).This theory explains the nature of the relationship between leaders and followers and how this relationship impacts the leadership process. For leaders to be effective, according to this view, issues related to the culture must be clearly identified. One conclusion that can be drawn is that leaders need to work within the culture to be most
Then in order to explain how the organization can collect and accomplish information general system theory and theory of Sociocultural Evolution has been explained. General system theory explains that in order to understand a system you need to understand its various parts and the complex interaction among them because despite of having different sections , organization need to share and interpret the information to accomplish goal. They need to work as a whole for conveying and understanding of information. And the core component of General System Theory is Feedback, which is the response or reaction from the members of organization which can be positive in the form of compliment or negative as criticism. But it should be recognized for the success of organization.
The exchange theory and ecological perspective states that social conditions are influenced through interpersonal and intergroup transactions. Thus, all four paradigms dominate contemporary American sociology, they all involve the interaction between society’s members, and they all help make practical sense of everyday life. The Functionalism and the Systems Paradigm The functionalism and the systems paradigm states that society has functional needs and that the form of society will change to meet those needs
Structuralist theorists are interested in identifying and analysing the structures that underlie all phenomena. Functionalists believe that each part has a unique function which contributes to the stability of the society. They see class in a positive way. According to them, the presence of classes promotes hard work in society and only the best can reach to the top. Conflict theories, such as Marxism and feminism focus on power struggles and differences, for example, class conflict, and for the most part question historical ideologies.
Similarly, we view society as a complex system, complex system is like the human body. There are many social institutions combined together to become a complex system. Each social institutions have their own function, they have their own jobs ,if each social institution function well ,it will produce a smooth running of society and to promote solidarity and
We usually think of personality in terms of how we act and the differences we can see in each person. The concept of personality refers to the dynamic integration of the totality of a person’s experiences and behavior patterns including both conscious and unconscious behavior patterns, experiences and views, and intentional states (Kernberg, 2016). Personality derives from human experiences and the environment in which your grow up in, in can be codetermined by genetic dispositions. Genetics does play a part in a person’s personality but just how much and how is it determined. A major part of a person’s identity is building character and a personality.
Functionalism INTRODUCTION Functionalism, also known as the functionalist perspective is one of the foremost theoretical perspectives in modern sociology. This perspective attributes its roots to the works of Emile Durkheim who devoted his life to the study of social order and social stability http://www.cliffsnotes.com/study_guide/topicArticleId-26957,articleId-26837.html The functionalist perspective claims that society is more than just a collection of several parts, rather each part plays a certain role and contributes to whole of society, it states that social institutions form and persist due to the role they play in promoting societal stability and integration. https://www.boundless.com/sociology/textbooks/boundless-sociology-textbook/sociology-1/theoretical-perspectives-in-sociology-24/the-functionalist-perspective-155-3284/ Here in lies the key point, functionalism claims that each and every entity or structure in a society has a set function (hence the name) in the workings of society as a whole. http://sociology.about.com/od/Sociological-Theory/a/Functionalist-Theory.htm Robert Merton, another well-known sociologist, divided these functions into two type: manifest and latent. Manifest being the more obvious and intentional functions and latent being those which are less obvious.
Apart from the above the cultural beliefs, social expectations, communal values, norms traditions also influence the curriculum. Society is group of people or communities or nations which constitutes a cultured mankind. Society is a general body of people, communities or nations constituting civilized mankind. Therefore, curriculum should be designed in the radiance of inclination from the development of society. Any curriculum’s merit comes from the reflection it shows from the local culture and the social needs in which it is being developed.