Hugh Blair labels the artistic gothic architecture – the setting, as a source of the sublime “A gothic cathedral raises ideas of grandeur in our mind, by its size, its height, its awful obscurity, its strength, its antiquity, and its durability”.14 Another key feature of the gothic genre is transgression. Transgression is simply the violation of social, cultural and moral norms. Gothic tries to get over conventional boundaries and break the rules of law and nature by transgressing to supernaturalism: The figurative texture of the gothic novel is a projection of the romantic minds sense of entrapment in an antiqued culture, its struggle to break from it and its guilty consciousness of both its participation in obsolete attitude and its transgression
Labels that best describe the Middle Ages are Age of Faith, Golden Ages, but the Dark Ages is the best. The Dark Ages best describes the Middle ages because of the grim conditions. The Dark ages is best label for the Middle Ages because of the corruption and death that went on. After Rome fell Europe was vulnerable to attacks. Moors, Magyars, and Vikings all invaded.
The latter will start to appear suddenly and started ruling Dr.Jakyll's life. The Gothic element of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is represented through the concern of doubling. This is portrayed to the reader by way of the use of the horrifying transformation of Dr Henry Jekyll into the evil side of him Edward Hyde. The transformation is generated through the worry of regression, “…But the hand which I now saw, clearly enough, in the yellow light of a mid-London morning, lying half shut on the bedclothes, was lean, corded, knuckly,
As the literary elements are not just some coincidence that is shown between the writings of these stories and poem. This bridges the relationship between the writers and their works of art but, even with all the similarities it always comes with differences. This is shown in each book with the way they show the gothic element. As The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is very upfront about its elements while in Frankenstein has the deeper meaning. Also in The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, you had to read between the lines to understand the meanings.
Understanding both Poe and Wilde’s narrative styles is extremely important in fully understanding the texts and the authors behind those texts, for example on one hand Poe throws the reader into an already finished story in ‘William Wilson’, while in The Picture of Dorian and Gray Wilde’s use of aestheticism is undeniable. However unusually for Wilde The Picture of Dorian Gray is also Gothic, this interesting departure from Wilde’s usual aesthetic style has been the subject of much debate and discussion among scholars, nonetheless for Sucur in The Picture of Dorian and Gray “the Gothic is dealt with from an aesthetic perspective”, (Sucur 2007, n.p.) yet the question still remains why would Wilde chose to depart from his successful formula of
Another concept that was presented would be cartoon, which was an example of Gothic art rather then architecture. A paradigm of Gothic art would be the Chartres Cathedral because it is “one of the best remaining examples of Gothic construction” (Brommer and Kohl 240.) This cathedral is the perfect representation of a Gothic cathedral. The cathedral, much like the other cathedrals built at the time weren 't built with a certain design but were built with many changes over the course of constructing it. An iconic artist of Gothic period would be Giotto.
Setting is the key element in Gothic Literature. It displays the different places and architectures that are essentials to visualize Gothic. The setting is highly significant in a Gothic novel because it helps to add horror and fear to its mood and dreadful weakness to its characters. As said by Snodgrass, the settings of Gothic literary works present an extensional symbolic psychological case to its human characters (158).Gothic fictions are usually set in isolated landscapes or highly secured prisons, secret passages or corridors, old castles or ghostly houses, and graveyards. According to Hogle, Gothic areas might be "a castle, a foreign place, an abbey, a vast prison, a subterranean crypt, a graveyard, a primeval frontier, or island, a large old house or theatre.
Renaissance Architecture Began in 14-16th centuries. Origin in Italy: Florence and Rome. Also were the Italian Renaissance and the renewal classical culture in reconnection with the concepts of classical Roman and Greek antiquity. Renewed interest in the culture of classical antiquity with a particular attitude. The new idea was the Humanism: man is the centre of the universe.
“less for what was there than for what was missing, for what had vanished irretrievably- weather carried or merely rotted away” For example, it is the void left once habitation has been removed that leads to the creation of the uncanny character of the haunted house. In architecture the act of stripping back parts of a building often results in the observer questioning their perception of that type and read it in a different way. This reductive approach when constructing a building leads to an unhomely style of architecture. The window is a very important piece that can be manipulated to create the uncanny. Abandoned houses are often the stage for ghost stories, and I think this is linked to the windows either smashed, boarded up or missing completely.
Versailles I. “You gaze, and stare, and try to understand…” quoted Mark Twain. The vast architecture of Versailles has silenced many with its history and astonishing views. Many see the beauty of the castle today and can hardly imagine the troubled land that was once there. Like Saint-Simon who saw Versailles before its growth, he said Versailles is” the gloomiest, most thankless place without a view.” It all started as a small cottage constructed by King Louis XIII in 1623.
Charles Ives is considered a modern composer, along with Aaron Copland and William Grant Still due to the shift in their music. Modernist music associates with innovation, complexity, abstraction, and challenging convention; but according to Ives, Copland and Still, an avant-garde music does not necessarily have to be complex and difficult. Charles and his music embrace ideas of modernism; his personality and point of view reflect in his essay and compositions. He is similar to Aaron Copland in how he viewed avant-garde music and its meaning. Aaron Copland wanted a “musical vernacular […] would cause no difficulties to [his] listeners.” He claimed that “music that is born complex is not inherently better or worse than music that is born simple”