The Concept of The Soul Between Ibn Sina and Aristotle
The human soul is the secret of God and it is very difficult to discuss about the soul. Until now, many scholars and researchers fight to study the nature of the soul and it relationship to the body. Now, we want to study about the concept of the soul between Ibn Sina and Aristotle. According to major idea, “the soul is defined as soul is a perfection of natural body, to the exclusion of an artificial one, since this would render any distinction between the celestial, animal, and vegetative souls impossible”. Based on Dictionary.Com, soul is defined as the principle of life, feeling, thought and action in humans, regarded as antity separate from the body and commonly held to be separable in existence from the body or the animating principle.
However, definition of the soul according to Ibn Sina is, “the soul as a simple spiritual substance (jawhar) or a divine illumination”, the source comes from Allah. To prove this, he refer to holy al-Quran in 15:29 :-
“When I have fashioned him (in due proportion) and breathed into him of My spirit, fall you down in obeisance unto him”
According to Aristotle’s theory, a “soul is a particular kind of nature, a principle that accounts for change and rest in the particular case of living bodies. For example is plants, non-human animals and human beings”.
From this statement, we can see that Ibn Sina believe that soul come from God based on the verse of holy Quran while Aristotle