They are looking to see if the idea of Cultural Relativism is convincing and ethical or not. Different cultures have different moral codes is one of the most defining characteristics of Cultural Relativism. The Rachels state that there is no universal moral truth. Meaning a customs cannot be truly right or wrong because all cultures and their customs are different. If we were to say that a custom was correct or not, it wouldn’t be true in terms of Cultural Relativism due to us using our own culture to judge and that doesn’t take into consideration of other cultures.
I lean more towards Schwartz’s ideas, believing that there is a profound oversimplification of the term ‘tolerance’ and that it is much more complex than its definition or even its negative connotations. In my way of thinking, to tolerate something is neither to disapprove or to approve, or to disagree or agree; it is to accept. Whether that acceptance may not be agreeable to one’s own worldview, religion, or opinion, it is what keeps our society pluralistic and
Importance of Respect “Unlike food, respect costs nothing. Why then should it be in short supply?” wrote Richard Sennett in his book Respect: The Formation of Character in an Age of Equality (??????). The concept of respect is philosophically challenging, but socially and morally important, as it reveals our attitudes and influences to the world around us. Respect is seen by many as the way of showing someone that you think highly of them, namely, respect them! There are many synonyms underlining numerous aspects of respect, including ‘status’, ‘admiration’, ‘appreciation’, ‘recognition’, ‘honor’, and ‘dignity’.
Two are duties to ourselves - namely that of cultivating our intellectual talents and preserving ourselves (hence forbidding suicide), and two are duties to others, namely honesty in promises and helping them to achieve their own ends (G 4:29-30). I will discuss the plausibility (and implausibility) of two of these examples. First, to discuss the most plausible of these examples, I will assess our duty toward others to contribute to the fulfillment of their ends. This example encourages that we not only refrain from taking away from other’s happiness but that we actively and positively work to contribute to others’ happiness (G 4:430). I think that this is plausible and effective because, as Kant argued, if this standard was universalized - in other words, if everyone worked to contribute to their own, and to each other’s happiness and wellbeing - we can potentially actualize the virtues of harmonious and respectful coexistence.
Thus, there is more than one justification that are of equal validity, which gives rise to identifying what is perceived as true or false on the basis of context. Even though Boghossian agrees that there is no one absolute truth since social situation heavily influences how one’s beliefs are justified and will vary on each chosen epistemic system used, he finds it makes no sense to insist that we abandon making absolute particular judgments about what justifies what while allowing us to accept absolute general judgments (Chapter
People have to meet up certain standards or follow certain rules to be a part of a particular society. Formal norms are composed and have particular outcomes for clinging to them or breaking them. Casual or informal norms are not composed but rather are understood; outcomes come as praise or criticism. Norms that are important to society’s welfare are called Mores. These behavioural standards generally carry some moral consequence, are difficult to change, and result in severe punishment if violated or dishonoured.
In response, some have called to give up a ‘positive peace’ and support a more realistically attainable ‘negative peace’. Yet efforts solely seeking to achieve a ‘negative peace’ tend to be externally driven, unfortunate to successfully address root causes, and privilege stability over legitimacy; they will therefore fail to produce a durable, legitimate and self-sustaining peace. Conclusion Human rights and peace are connected, but when country that experience human rights violations will not be peaceful, at least not in a positive peace way. Peace and human rights are necessary for each other, and a peace without human rights could be considered a weak peace. More importantly If a society suffers from human rights violations, peace will never really be achieved.
Although one comportment or disorder might be regarded as norm in one culture, it could be regarded as abnormal in another culture, and thus making therapy less equal in altered populations. Counselors must take into justification every culture, otherwise they are unwitting and are under culture coercion. Unfortunately, individuals come with bias and pre-conceived concepts. These biases and pre-conceived concepts generally impinge on treatment and therapy, because when working with culturally diverse populaces heedless of their beliefs and values, the outcomes of therapy are ineffective. Those who are attentive in the study of multiculturalism have even defined counselors negatively in the sense of treatment by calling them impervious to the beliefs and values of their culturally distinctive clients.
Life is too valuable and short to spend on hatred as it divides us from helping one another when we require it. Together we are stronger and apart we are more vulnerable to others, ourselves and the environment overall. The concept of love and peace is universal as understood generally the same by all cultures, however the way we express it can be different. Some cultures believe quietness and shyness reflect respect and love while others believe it to be rude. Celebrations in one culture could define love while in another strictly lust and bad intentions.
One important thing to understand the authentic meaning of life. If one knows truly himself, it guides the person to have a better judgement and viewpoint on love. However, love is a complicated thing. It needs time and effort to actually prove and know its existence. But having a positive standpoint on it, makes love a special gift and perfect emotion for one self.