As seen in the film, the Spanish were implementing the idea of “cultural orphanage.” In order to fully dominate the Natives, it was necessary for the Spanish to destroy their entire identity and what they valued to replace it with their own. Having no family, home, language, history, or religion made it easier to subjugate the Natives (Carrasco, 167). This physical and spiritual domination is seen through the experiences of the Native scribe named Topiltzin. His family is killed, his history is destroyed, and he has to endure the trauma of trying to maintain his Aztec identity while resisting the forces of Christianity. However, instead of converting completely to Christianity, Topiltzin draws upon the parallels between the two faiths and the idea of transculturation occurs.
By 1860 a majority of African Americans lived and worked in the Deep South, the lands that stretched from Georgia to Texas.” Though 1800 and 1860 the African American population moved throughout the country to new established lands in the south and southwest areas for a few major factors. The change in the countries cash crop drove the slave market to new areas of the country. The crops effected the economy within the Chesapeake area so a new source of revenue was established. The new revenue came about with the need of slaves to work the new areas so the domestic slave trade was born. The slave trade contributed to about 1 million slaves being migrated around the
There are a few life-changing events that change the course of history. One of these such events was the Columbian Exchange which was the transfer of plants, animals, and people between the Americas and the Old World. This began when Columbus landed in America. This one event had many lasting effects, including the spread of diseases to the new world, enslavement of Africans for labor, and economic opportunity with the massive increase in silver. Columbus accidently started the Columbian exchange by discovering America while looking for economic opportunity.
One of the lasting impact the Spanish settlements had; the settlers created a bad relationship with the natives. The natives had several purposes to contemn the settlers. One reason being, in document c, that it states that the natives inculpated the settlers, or more specifically priests, for transporting disease from Spain to the native’s motherland. Corresponding to the natives, the settlers also have their motives for resenting the natives. For instance, the Apache and Comanches tribes had slaughtered several innocent settlers and soldiers, as well as raiding a couple of missions around San Antonio and La Bahia (doc b).
• Emiliano Zapata was born on August 8, 1879 in Anenecuilco, Mexico and died in April 10, 1919. • He was arrested after protesting the hacienda that had taken his and other peasants’ lands. After he was forgiven, he kept encouraging the peasants to revolt • In 1909 he was named “president of the board of defense for their village • “In March 1911 Zapata’s tiny force took the city of Cuautla and closed the road to the capital, Mexico City.” Helping Francisco Madero. Afraid Porfirio Diaz ran to Europe and left someone else in charge. Zapata took advantage of this and took the city of Cuernavaca with 5,000 men.
As the Spanish began to spread throughout the Caribbean and the Americas, they often eradicated or conquered entire tribes and subjected them to forced labor. Morgan quotes John Ponet, an Englishmen largely responsible for convincing the queen to venture into the affairs in the New World, describing the Spanish cruelty on the undeserving Natives: [the Spaniards] forced the people (that were not used to labour) to stande all the daie in the hotte sunne gathering golde in the sande of the rivers. By this meanes a great nombre of them (not used to such paines) died, and a great numbre of them (seeing themselves brought from so quiet a life to such miserie and slaverie) of desperacion killed them selves. (2003, p. 8). The English sought to eradicate this inhumanity and challenge their Old World foe through attacks on their settlements in the New World (Morgan).
The Aztec empire is known for its power, geographical size, and sacrificial religion. Ironically it was all this that led to its downfall at the hands of Hernán Cortés on August 13, 1521. Aztec mythology foretold the prophecy of Quetzalcoatl, a god, who would return on the year One Reed (1519) to reclaim his kingdom. By the time the Aztec civilization was at its height in 1519 it already had several problems with revolts and rebellions due to its impressive geographical extent. Moctezuma had oppressed many tribes which quickly allied with Cortés in order to bring down their common enemy.
Encyclopedia of World Biography states “Drake fulfilled the queens expectations and sacked virgo in Spanish Galicia and then sailed to Santo Domingo and Cartagena, capturing and holding both for ransom” (“Drake, Sir Francis”). Between 1585 and 1856 relations with England and Spain grew much worse. Queen Elizabeth unleashed Francis Drake on the Spanish in a series of plundering, raiding, and capturing Spanish ships. Drake also occupied Spanish cities in the North and South America taking treasure, goods, and inflicting heavy damage on the morale of Spain. These acts convinced Spain to invade England.
The negative impacts due to diseases can be seen in Documents 4 and 6. In Doc 4, a report of the Conquest of Mexico, the author states the devastating effects of newly brought diseases in the Aztec kingdom. Because the Aztecs had not built up an immunity to Europeans diseases, when the diseases were brought over, the results were devastating, with many Aztecs dying and unable to provide food. Due to this report being an Aztec account of the Conquest of their land, the details may be slightly biased, and the negatives slightly exaggerated, in spite of the European conquistadors. The impact of disease ca also be seen in Doc 6, a report on the spread of disease into the New World.
The Spaniards made a big impact in the Americas. They killed many Incas,Tainos, and Aztecs. These populations lost many including their emperors. On the Spaniard 's side they had power by killing Atahualpa and Montezuma they could create colonies and take riched back to their country. The Spaniards weren 't the only ones to look for riches in the New World.
Known for: Conquered the Inca empire in peru in 1833. When Pizarro was a soldier he served in the 1513 expedition of Vasco Núñez de Balboa which is when discovered the Pacific Ocean. Being greedy and wanting more fortune and discovered he decided to make a partnership with Diego de Almagro. The new partners traveled to Peru in 1526 and returned to get permission from Spain to claim that land for Spain. In 1531 that next fall Pizarro entered the city of Cajamarca and took the Inca leader Atahualpa hostage, Atahualpa then was killed in 1533.
When the Spanish conquistadors came upon the Incan Empire, they realized that there were bountiful amounts of treasure such as gold and silver, which tempted them to conquer the empire and found their own colonies. Consequently, the conquistadors, led by Francisco Pizarro, fought the Inca and utilized their steel weapons and horses, as well as the smallpox virus to rout their enemies. The conquistadors easily defeated the Inca, who were already fighting a civil war before the Spaniards arrived. In order to legitimize their ruthless killing of the Inca, the Spaniards said that they were ridding God of His enemies and preventing the Inca from insulting His rule. The supposedly religiously motivated clash between the Spaniards and the Inca resulted in the decline of the Incan Empire and the expansion of Spanish rule throughout Central America.
That day, 30 June 1520 CE, referred to as Noche Trista, forced the Spanish to flee (Youtube.com). The months following, the Spanish returned with their allies, the Thaxcalan, declaring an extensive and daunting battle ravaged with sickness and death, the city of Tenochtitlan collapsed. The conquerors ransacked and pillaged any remaining resourceful commodities and treasures and declared the land New Spain, under new and direct rule from the New World. The Aztec civilization came to an abrupt end (Calloway
While many worldviews exist, The fall of the Aztec empire was unavoidable.The Aztec’s were a group of people who were very religious and lived in Mexico for hundreds of years but one day a group of Spanish people arrived and executed all of the Aztec people. Many of them died from diseases the spanish brought with them like small pox. The others were killed by the spanish and some were taken to spain as slaves. This was led by an explorer named Hernan Cortes. The first reason that the shows extinction of the Aztec race was unavoidable was because of the diseases like smallpox that the Spanish brought with them.
The Aztecs were constantly launching raids to capture prisoners for the enormous number of human sacrifices they conducted. There is important archeological evidence showing that several Indian civilizations suffered violent ends at the hands of other Indian cultures long before the arrival of the Europeans in America. • In effect, the Spanish employed a colonization strategy of "gold and souls." Converting the native population to Catholicism not only spread the doctrines of the Catholic Church, then under threat in Europe, but could, it was believed, further the control of Indian behavior in the mines and on the plantations. In conclusion there is evidence that The Black Legend was no more atrocious than that of any other European country that settled in the new world.